kurtarmak

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish قورتارمق (kurtarmak, to save, rescue, disentangle, set free), from Proto-Turkic *kurt-gar- (to rescue), causative of the unattested stem *kurt-. Cognate to kurtulmak (to be saved) passive form of the same root.

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (qurtɣar-, to rescue), Karakhanid [script needed] (qutɣarmāq, to rescue), Azeri qurtarmaq (to rescue), Bashkir ҡотҡарыу (qotqarïw, to save), Chuvash хӑтарма (hătarma, to save), Kazakh құтқару (qutqarw, to save), Kyrgyz куткаруу (kutkaruu, to save, rescue), Turkmen gutarmak (to end, finish), Uyghur قۇتقازماق (qutqazmaq, to rescue), Uzbek qutqarmoq.

Verb[edit]

kurtarmak (third-person singular simple present kurtarır)

  1. (transitive) to save, rescue (to help someone or something to survive); to disentangle, set free
    Kardeşimi kurtardılar.They rescued my brother/sister.
  2. (transitive) to relieve, free, to release (someone) from or of a difficulty, unwanted task, responsibility etc.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Clauson, Gerard (1972), “kurtğar-”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 649