bergen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Bergen

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened from Bergen rucksack, possibly named after their creator, Norwegian Ole F. Bergan, combined with the name of the Norwegian city of Bergen.

Noun[edit]

bergen (plural bergens)

  1. (UK, military) A large rucksack.
    • 2012, Peter Ratcliffe, Eye of the Storm
      Their bergens were already stuffed almost to bursting point, as were their belt kits, with rations, water, radios and spare batteries, ammunition, personal equipment, sleeping bags, waterproofs, medical packs, survival kits, and much more.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bergen, from Old Dutch bergan, from Proto-West Germanic *bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. (transitive) to store, to stash away
  2. (transitive) to salvage (a vessel)
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of bergen (strong class 3b)
infinitive bergen
past singular borg
past participle geborgen
infinitive bergen
gerund bergen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular berg borg
2nd person sing. (jij) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (u) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (gij) bergt borgt
3rd person singular bergt borg
plural bergen borgen
subjunctive sing.1 berge borge
subjunctive plur.1 bergen borgen
imperative sing. berg
imperative plur.1 bergt
participles bergend geborgen
1) Archaic.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: berg

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. Plural form of berg

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German bergen, from Old High German bergan, from Proto-West Germanic *bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡŋ̩/, /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡən̪/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

bergen (class 3 strong, third-person singular present birgt, past tense barg, past participle geborgen, past subjunctive bärge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to save (someone); to rescue
  2. (transitive) to salvage; to recover
  3. (transitive) to conceal; shelter; to contain
  4. (transitive, naval) to take in (a sail); to shorten (a sail)
    die Segel bergento shorten the sail

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bergen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • bergen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • bergen” in Duden online
  • bergen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch bergan.

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. to get to safety, to keep safe
  2. to stash away, to hide
  3. to store, to keep

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive bergen
3rd sg. past barch
3rd pl. past borgen
Past participle geborgen
Infinitive bergen
In genitive bergens
In dative bergene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular berge barch
2nd singular berchs, berges borchs, borges
3rd singular bercht, berget barch
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borcht, borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular berge borge
2nd singular berchs, berges borges
3rd singular berge borge
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Imperative Present
Singular berch, berge
Plural bercht, berget
Present Past
Participle bergende geborgen

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. Alternative form of berwen

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. definite plural of berg

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. plural of berch