bergen

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See also: Bergen

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Perhaps from the Norwegian brand "Bergans", or the place name "Bergen"?”

Noun[edit]

bergen (plural bergens)

  1. (Britain, military) A large rucksack.
    • 2012, Peter Ratcliffe, Eye of the Storm
      Their bergens were already stuffed almost to bursting point, as were their belt kits, with rations, water, radios and spare batteries, ammunition, personal equipment, sleeping bags, waterproofs, medical packs, survival kits, and much more.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bergen, from Old Dutch bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. (transitive) to store, to stash away
  2. (transitive) to salvage (a vessel)
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of bergen (strong class 3)
infinitive bergen
past singular borg
past participle geborgen
infinitive bergen
gerund bergen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular berg borg
2nd person sing. (jij) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (u) bergt borg
2nd person sing. (gij) bergt borgt
3rd person singular bergt borg
plural bergen borgen
subjunctive sing.1 berge borge
subjunctive plur.1 bergen borgen
imperative sing. berg
imperative plur.1 bergt
participles bergend geborgen
1) Archaic.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. Plural form of berg

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡŋ̩/, /ˈbɛɐ̯ɡən̪/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

bergen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present birgt, past tense barg, past participle geborgen, past subjunctive bärge, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to save (someone); to rescue
  2. (transitive) to salvage; to recover
  3. (transitive) to conceal; shelter; to contain
  4. (transitive, naval) to take in (a sail); to shorten (a sail)
    die Segel bergen — “to shorten the sail”

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch bergan, from Proto-Germanic *berganą.

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. to get to safety, to keep safe
  2. to stash away, to hide
  3. to store, to keep

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive bergen
3rd sg. past barch
3rd pl. past borgen
Past participle geborgen
Infinitive bergen
In genitive bergens
In dative bergene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular berge barch
2nd singular berchs, berges borchs, borges
3rd singular bercht, berget barch
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borcht, borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular berge borge
2nd singular berchs, berges borges
3rd singular berge borge
1st plural bergen borgen
2nd plural bercht, berget borget
3rd plural bergen borgen
Imperative Present
Singular berch, berge
Plural bercht, berget
Present Past
Participle bergende geborgen

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • berghen (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • bergen (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

bergen

  1. Alternative form of berwen

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. definite plural of berg

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bergen

  1. plural of berch