borgen

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See also: Borgen and Börgen

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From borge (to guarantee) +‎ -en. Compare Old Norse borgan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɔrvən/, [ˈb̥ɒːwən, ˈb̥ɒˀwən]

Noun[edit]

borgen c

  1. guarantee, warranty

Etymology 2[edit]

See borg (castle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɔrvən/, [ˈb̥ɒːˀwən]

Noun[edit]

borgen c

  1. definite singular of borg
  2. (slang) Christiansborg Palace (the Danish house of parliament)

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔrɣə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bor‧gen
  • Rhymes: -ɔrɣən

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch borgen. Equivalent to borg +‎ -en.

Verb[edit]

borgen

  1. (transitive) to secure, to keep safe
  2. (transitive) to guarantee
  3. (transitive, now dialectal) to lend (especially of credit)
    Synonym: lenen
  4. (transitive, dated, dialectal) to borrow
    Synonym: lenen
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of borgen (weak)
infinitive borgen
past singular borgde
past participle geborgd
infinitive borgen
gerund borgen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular borg borgde
2nd person sing. (jij) borgt borgde
2nd person sing. (u) borgt borgde
2nd person sing. (gij) borgt borgde
3rd person singular borgt borgde
plural borgen borgden
subjunctive sing.1 borge borgde
subjunctive plur.1 borgen borgden
imperative sing. borg
imperative plur.1 borgt
participles borgend geborgd
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

borgen

  1. plural of borg

Verb[edit]

borgen

  1. plural past indicative and subjunctive of bergen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old High German borgēn, from Proto-Germanic *burgōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɔrɡən/, [ˈbɔʁ-], [ˈbɔɐ̯-], [ˈbɔː-], [-ɡən], [-ɡŋ̍]
  • Hyphenation: bor‧gen

Verb[edit]

borgen (weak, third-person singular present borgt, past tense borgte, past participle geborgt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to borrow
  2. (transitive) to lend

Usage notes[edit]

  • For the distinction between both senses see the notes at leihen. Borgen is generally interchangeable with the former, but is less frequent and slightly informal.

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • borgen” in Duden online
  • borgen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

borgen m or f

  1. definite masculine singular of borg

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *borgōn, from Proto-Germanic *burgōną; akin to Old English borġian.

Verb[edit]

borgēn

  1. to borrow

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: borgen

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

borgen

  1. definite singular of borg

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Swedish borghæn, borghan. Cognate of Icelandic borgan, Danish borgen.

Noun[edit]

borgen c

  1. (law) surety, security, guarantee (an undertaking to assume payment obligations for another person if that person is unable to pay themselves)
    gå i borgen för någonvouch for someone
  2. bail
Declension[edit]
Declension of borgen 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative borgen borgen
Genitive borgens borgens
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]