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  • enPR: lĕnd, IPA(key): /lɛnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnd

Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier len (with excrescent -d, as in sound, round, etc.), from Middle English lenen, lænen, from Old English lǣnan (to lend; give, grant, lease), from Proto-West Germanic *laihnijan, from Proto-Germanic *laihnijaną (to loan), from Proto-Germanic *laihną (loan), from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ- (to leave, leave over).

Cognate with Scots len, lend (to lend), West Frisian liene (to lend, borrow, loan), Dutch lenen (to lend, borrow, loan), Swedish låna (to lend, loan), Icelandic lána (to lend, loan), Icelandic léna (to grant), Latin linquō (quit, leave, forlet), Ancient Greek λείπω (leípō, leave, release). See also loan.


lend (third-person singular simple present lends, present participle lending, simple past and past participle lent)

  1. (transitive) To allow to be used by someone temporarily, on condition that it or its equivalent will be returned.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71:
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. Those that want to borrow are matched with those that want to lend.
    I will only lend you my car if you fill up the tank.
    I lent her 10 euros to pay for the train tickets, and she paid me back the next day.
  2. (intransitive) To make a loan.
  3. (reflexive) To be suitable or applicable, to fit.
    Poems do not lend themselves to translation easily.
    The long history of the past does not lend itself to a simple black and white interpretation.
  4. To afford; to grant or furnish in general.
    • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato, published 1712, [Act 2, scene 1]:
      Cato, lend me for a while thy patience.
    • 1886, John Addington Symonds, Sir Philip Sidney
      Mountain lines and distant horizons lend space and largeness to his compositions.
    • 2019 June 8, “Condemning the return to premiership of General Prayuth Chan-ocha through a manipulative method”, in forsea.co[1], FORSEA, retrieved 2019-06-09:
      FORSEA absolutely condemns the political manipulation on the part of the junta, General Prayuth, the Thai Senate and the parties that lent their support for General Prayuth that led him to parliamentary victory.
    Can you lend me some assistance?
    The famous director lent his name to the new film.
  5. (proscribed) To borrow.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English lende (usually in plural as lendes, leendes, lyndes), from Old English lendenu, lendinu pl (loins), from Proto-Germanic *landijō, *landį̄ (loin), from Proto-Indo-European *lendʰ- (loin, kidney). Cognate with Scots lend, leynd (the loins, flank, buttocks), Dutch lendenen (loins, reins), German Lenden (loins), Swedish länder (loins), Icelandic lendar (loins), Latin lumbus (loin), Russian ля́двея (ljádveja, thigh, haunch).

Alternative forms[edit]


lend (plural lends or linder)

  1. (anatomy, Britain dialectal) The lumbar region; loin.
  2. (Britain dialectal, of a person or animal) The loins; flank; buttocks.




From Proto-Albanian *lenta, from Proto-Indo-European *lent (linse). Compare Latin lens, lentis, Old High German linsi.


lend f

  1. acorn
Related terms[edit]



lend (genitive lennu, partitive lendu)

  1. flight


Derived terms[edit]