emprestar

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Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

em- +‎ prestar.

Verb[edit]

emprestar

  1. to lend, loan

Conjugation[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese emprestar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from en- +‎ prestar (to lend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

emprestar (first-person singular present empresto, first-person singular preterite emprestei, past participle emprestado)

  1. to lend
    • 1390, J. L. Pensado Tomé (ed.), Os Miragres de Santiago. Versión gallega del Códice latino del siglo XII atribuido al papa Calisto I. Madrid: C.S.I.C., page 196:
      Et ante doze dias que chegase a Santiago hũu rromeu que jazia doente ẽno camino, rrogou a aquel caualeiro que lle enprestase o caualo en que podese yr a Santiago, ca en outra maneira morreria ca nõ podia andar.
      and twelve days before arriving to Santiago a pilgrim, who was laying sick in the way, begged that knight to lend him his horse to go to Santiago, because otherwise he would die because he couldn't walk
    Synonyms: deixar, prestar

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • emprestar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • enprest” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • emprestar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • emprestar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • emprestar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From em- +‎ prestar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

emprestar (first-person singular present indicative empresto, past participle emprestado)

  1. (transitive or ditransitive, with the indirect object taking a or para or an indirect objective pronoun) to lend; to loan (to give temporarily)
    • 1981, Janusz Korczak, Quando eu voltar a ser criança, Editorial Summus, page 93:
      Emprestei para uma porção de gente, mas ninguém me devolve.
      I have loaned to a bunch of people, but nobody pays me back.
    • 2013, Taís Holetz, Páginas de tempestade, FAEST Editora, page 46:
      Espero alguém que me empreste seu casaco em dia de chuva.
      I’m waiting for someone who lends me their coat in a rainy day.
  2. (Brazil, transitive) to borrow (to obtain temporarily)
    • 2007, Hélio Pires, O Diário do S.U.S.to, Clube de Autores, page 70:
      Eu tenho urgência da carteira e emprestei do meu amigo, []
      I need the wallet urgently and I borrowed from my friend, []

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From em- +‎ prestar. Compare Portuguese emprestar, Italian imprestare.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /empɾesˈtaɾ/, [ẽmpɾesˈt̪aɾ]

Verb[edit]

emprestar

  1. (transitive, Latin America) to lend

Conjugation[edit]