deixar

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan leixar, from a variant of Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan daissar, laissar), from Latin laxāre, present active infinitive of laxō (compare Portuguese deixar, Aragonese deixar, Spanish dejar, French laisser and Italian lasciare). The alteration of the initial l- to d- (found in Ibero- and Occitano-Romance) may be due to the preposition de preceding it in many constructions using this verb, or from contraction of a Late Latin *dēlaxāre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deixar (first-person singular present deixo, past participle deixat)

  1. (transitive) to leave (to refrain from taking (something) away)
  2. (reflexive) to let oneself go (to cease to care about one's appearance)
  3. (transitive) to leave (to put; to place)
    Synonyms: posar, col·locar
    va deixar les cartes a la taulashe left the letters on the table
  4. to leave (to cause, to result in)
    la seva confessió ens va deixar sense parauleshis confession left us speechless
  5. (transitive) to let, to allow, to permit
    Synonym: permetre
    deixar caureto drop (literally, “to allow to fall”)
  6. (transitive) to leave, to depart from
    • 2020 November 8, Núria Ferragutcasas, “El trumpisme arrela malgrat la derrota de Trump”, in Ara[1]:
      El seu populisme i la seva demagògia han mobilitzat clarament els votants republicans i, per això, encara que deixi la Casa Blanca, el Partit Republicà continuarà sent el Partit de Trump.
      His populism and his demagogy have clearly mobilized Republican voters and so, even if he leaves the White House, the Republican Party will keep being the Party of Trump.
  7. (transitive) to leave behind, to abandon
  8. (transitive) to leave to (to transfer possession of after death)
  9. (transitive) to lend
    Synonym: prestar
    Deixa'm el mòbil, he de trucar la Gina.Let me borrow your phone, I have to call Gina.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese leixar, from Latin laxāre, present active infinitive of laxō. Compare Portuguese deixar, Spanish dejar, Asturian dexar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deixar (first-person singular present deixo, first-person singular preterite deixei, past participle deixado)

  1. (transitive) to leave
  2. to abandon
    Synonym: abandonar
  3. to lend
    Synonym: emprestar
  4. to save (store for future use)
    Synonyms: gardar, reservar
  5. to let, allow
    Synonyms: consentir, permitir
  6. to release
    Synonyms: ceibar, librar
  7. (reflexive) to let oneself go

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • leixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • deixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • deixar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • deixar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese leixar, from Latin laxāre, present active infinitive of laxō (to extend; to lighten; to relax). Doublet of the borrowed laxar.

Related to Spanish dejar, also undergoing the shift of initial -l- to -d-. It may have been influenced by the preposition de or come from contraction of a Late Latin delaxare.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /dejˈʃa(ʁ)/, [deɪ̯ˈʃa(h)]
    • IPA(key): (São Paulo) /dejˈʃa(ɾ)/, [deɪ̯ˈʃa(ɾ)]
    • IPA(key): (Rio) /dejˈʃa(ʁ)/, [deɪ̯ˈʃa(χ)]
 
  • IPA(key): (Lisbon) /dɐjˈʃaɾ/, [dɐɪ̯ˈʃaɾ]
  • IPA(key): (non-Lisbon Portugal) /dejˈʃaɾ/, [deɪ̯ˈʃaɾ]

  • (South Brazil) IPA(key): /dejˈʃa(r)/
  • (Northeast Brazil) IPA(key): /dɛjˈʃa(h)/
  • (Rural Central Brazil) IPA(key): /di(j)ˈʃa(ɹ)/
  • Hyphenation: dei‧xar

Verb[edit]

deixar (first-person singular present indicative deixo, past participle deixado)

  1. (transitive) to leave; to exit (to go out of or away from a place)
    Os ladrões deixaram o prédio assim que ouviram a sirene.
    The thieves left the building as soon as they heard the siren.
  2. (transitive) to leave (to refrain from taking)
    Deixei umas bolachas para a minha irmã.
    I left some biscuits for my sister.
  3. (transitive) to leave (to cause to exist after its occurrence)
    A guerra deixara um rastro de destruição.
    The war had left a wake of destruction.
  4. (transitive with an adjective complement) to leave (to cause to be in a state)
    Deixa a porta aberta quando saíres!
    Leave the door open when you go!
  5. (transitive) to leave (to end one’s connection, affiliation or relationship with)
    Após vinte anos de casamento, a minha esposa deixou-me.
    After twenty years of marriage, my wife left me.
    Deixei o meu emprego.
    I left my job.
  6. (auxiliary with de and a verb in the impersonal infinitive) to quit (to stop doing something habitually)
    Deixem de fumar.
    Stop smoking.
  7. (auxiliary with de and a verb in the impersonal infinitive) not to do something; to refrain from
    Não deixe de comprar comida para a viagem.
    Don’t [forget to] buy food for the trip.
  8. (ditransitive, auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal or personal (proscribed) infinitive for the second object) to let; to allow to (to give permission to)
    Minha mãe não me deixa ficar acordado até tarde.
    My mother doesn’t let me stay awake until late.
  9. (ditransitive, auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal or personal (proscribed) infinitive for the second object) to let (to give possibility to)
    A neblina não nos deixava ver muito longe.
    The fog didn’t let us see very far.
  10. (ditransitive, with the indirect object taking para) to postpone until; to put off (to reschedule or avoid doing something until a later time)
    Tiveram que deixar a partida para amanhã.
    They had to put the match off until tomorrow.
  11. (transitive) to leave; to bequeath (to give something to someone after dying or leaving)
    Um parente que eu nem conhecia me deixou uns quadros valiosos.
    A relative I didn’t even know left me some valuable paintings.
  12. (transitive) to leave off; to omit (not to include)
    Comprei um presente para quase todo mundo, só deixei você.
    I bought a gift for everybody, I have only left you out.
  13. (transitive) to leave alone (not to bother)
    Deixe-me, idiota.
    Leave me alone, you idiot.

Conjugation[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:deixar.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]