refrain

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Refrain

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈfɹeɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English refreynen, from Anglo-Norman refraindre, Middle French refreindre (from Latin refringere), and Anglo-Norman refrener, Middle French refrener (from Latin refrenare).

Verb[edit]

refrain (third-person singular simple present refrains, present participle refraining, simple past and past participle refrained)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To hold back, to restrain (someone or something). [from 14th c.]
  2. (reflexive, archaic) To show restraint; to hold oneself back. [from 14th c.]
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts V:
      And nowe I saye unto you: refrayne youreselves from these men, and let them alone [...].
    • 1899, Sabine Baring-Gould, A Book of the West Volume 1 Chapter 18
      As I went down the river, all dissatisfaction at my lot passed away, and by the time Dartmouth came in view I could no longer refrain myself, but threw my cap into the air, and barely caught it from falling overboard as I shouted, "Hurrah for merry England! [] "
  3. (transitive, now rare) To repress (a desire, emotion etc.); to check or curb. [from 14th c.]
  4. (intransitive, with preposition "from") To stop oneself from some action or interference; to abstain. [from 15th c.]
  5. (transitive, rare, regional) To abstain from (food or drink). [from 16th c.]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From French refrain, from the Old French verb refraindre (to break off, repeat), from Latin re- (back, again) + frangō (break); compare Occitan refranhs (a refrain), refranher (to repeat). See refract and the verb refrain.

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

refrain (plural refrains)

  1. The chorus or burden of a song repeated at the end of each verse or stanza.
    • 1949, George Orwell, chapter 1, in Nineteen Eighty-Four:
      For perhaps as much as thirty seconds they kept it up. It was a refrain that was often heard in moments of overwhelming emotion. Partly it was a sort of hymn to the wisdom and majesty of Big Brother, but still more it was an act of self-hypnosis, a deliberate drowning of consciousness by means of rhythmic noise.
  2. (by extension) A much repeated comment, complaint, or saying.
    Synonym: old saw
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alteration of Old French refrait, past participle of the verb refraindre (based on the verb's infinitive), itself from Vulgar Latin *refrangere, from Latin refringo, refringere.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

refrain m (plural refrains)

  1. refrain, chorus

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: refræn
  • English: refrain
  • German: Refrain
  • Spanish: refrán

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French refrain.

Noun[edit]

refrain m (invariable)

  1. refrain
    Synonym: ritornello

Further reading[edit]

  • refrain in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]