nehmen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German nemen, nëmen, from Old High German neman, from Proto-Germanic *nemaną, from Proto-Indo-European *nem- (to give or take ones due).

Cognate with Low German nehmen (to take), Dutch nemen (to take), English nim (to take, filch), Danish nemme (to learn, grasp), Swedish förnimma (to perceive). More at nim.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈneːmən/, [-mən], [-mn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: neh‧men

Verb[edit]

nehmen (class 4 strong, third-person singular simple present nimmt, past tense nahm, past participle genommen, past subjunctive nähme, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to take
    jemandem etwas nehmen — “to take something from someone”
    einen Anfang nehmen — “to begin” (Literally, “to take a beginning”)
    ein Haus in Pacht nehmen — “to lease a house” (Literally, “to take a house in lease”)
    das Wort nehmen — “to begin to speak” (Literally, “to take a word”)
    • 1798, Wold und Ostar, zwo altteutsche Gottheiten, von Karl, Freyherrn v. Münchhausen, in: Bragur. Ein Literarisches Magazin der Teutschen und Nordischen Vorzeit. Herausgegeben von F. D. Gräter. Sechster Band. Erste Abtheilung. – Braga und Hermode oder Neues Magazin für die vaterländischen Alterthümer der Sprache, Kunst und Sitten. Herausgegeben von F. D. Gräter. Dritter Band. Erste Abtheilung, Leipzig, 1798, p. 23:
      Hierauf nehmen sie des Getränks [...]
  2. (reflexive) to cause oneself to be (in some state); to become; to take oneself (to some state)
    Nimm dich in Acht!
    Take care!
  3. (transitive) to seize; to capture
  4. (transitive) to receive; to accept

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon neman, niman, from Proto-Germanic *nemaną.

Verb[edit]

nehmen (past nehm or nohm, past participle nahmen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (transitive) to take
  2. (reflexive) to take oneself (to some state)
  3. (transitive) to seize; to capture
  4. (transitive) to receive; to accept

Conjugation[edit]