Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/nem-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly related to *h₁em- (to take, to distribute).

Root[edit]

*nem-[1][2]

  1. to distribute
  2. to give, to take

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ném-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *nemtei
      • Latvian: ņemt (take)
    • Proto-Germanic: *nemaną (take) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *némō
      • Ancient Greek: νέμω (némō, dispense, distribute)
  • *nom-éh₂
  • *ném-es-o-s
  • *nem-es-eh₂
  • *nóm-o-s
  • *nom-ó-s
    • Proto-Hellenic: *nomós
      • Ancient Greek: νομός (nomós, pasture, habitation, province)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *námas
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *námas
        • Sanskrit: नम (náma, pasture-ground)
  • *ném-tis ~ *nm̥-téys
    • Proto-Germanic: *numþiz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

Etymology 2[edit]

Root[edit]

*nem-[3][4]

  1. to bend

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ném-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *námati (to bow) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ném-os ~ *ném-es-os (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 763
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 273
  4. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 764