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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to distribute
  2. to give, to take

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ném-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Balto-Slavic: *nemtei
      • Latvian: ņemt (take)
    • Germanic: *nemaną (take) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: *némō
      • Ancient Greek: νέμω (némō, dispense, distribute)
    • Indo-Iranian: *námati (to bow) (see there for further descendants)
  • *nom-éh₂
  • *ném-os ~ *ném-es-os
  • *ném-es-o-s
  • *nóm-o-s
  • *nom-ó-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: nem (gift)
    • Celtic: *nemētom
      • Brythonic:
        • Middle Breton: neved (sanctuary)
      • Gaulish: νεμητον (nemēton, holy place)
      • Old Irish: nemed (sanctuary, holy place)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: Νέμεσις (Némesis, Nemesis, goddess of retribution)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill