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See also: Numerus




  1. (grammar) grammatical number


Inflection of numerus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative numerus numerukset
genitive numeruksen numerusten
partitive numerusta numeruksia
illative numerukseen numeruksiin
singular plural
nominative numerus numerukset
accusative nom. numerus numerukset
gen. numeruksen
genitive numeruksen numerusten
partitive numerusta numeruksia
inessive numeruksessa numeruksissa
elative numeruksesta numeruksista
illative numerukseen numeruksiin
adessive numeruksella numeruksilla
ablative numerukselta numeruksilta
allative numerukselle numeruksille
essive numeruksena numeruksina
translative numerukseksi numeruksiksi
instructive numeruksin
abessive numeruksetta numeruksitta
comitative numeruksineen
Possessive forms of numerus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person numerukseni numeruksemme
2nd person numeruksesi numeruksenne
3rd person numeruksensa




By rhotacism from Proto-Italic *nomezos, from , a derivation of Proto-Indo-European *nem- (to assign, allot; take). Cognate with Ancient Greek νέμω (némō, to distribute), Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 (niman, to take), Latvian ņemt (to take) and Old Irish nem (gift).

The grammatical sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek ἀριθμός (arithmós).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈnʊ.mɛ.rʊs]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈ, [ˈnuː.mɛ.rus]
  • (file)


numerus m (genitive numerī); second declension

  1. number
  2. collection, quantity
  3. (figuratively) rank, position
  4. (music) time, rhythm
  5. (grammar) number


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative numerus numerī
Genitive numerī numerōrum
Dative numerō numerīs
Accusative numerum numerōs
Ablative numerō numerīs
Vocative numere numerī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



Unsorted borrowings

See also[edit]


  • numerus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • numerus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • numerus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • numerus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • perfect in every detail: omnibus numeris absolutus (N. D. 2. 13)
    • arithmetic: numeri (-orum)
    • a master-piece of classical work: opus omnibus numeris absolutum
    • poetical rhythm: numerus poetice vinctus
    • the tune; rhythm: numerus, numeri
    • to make a speech rhythmical: numeris orationem astringere, vincire
    • to be regarded as a god: numerum deorum obtinere (N. D. 3. 20)
    • to deify a person: aliquem in deorum numerum referre, reponere
    • to place a person's name on the list of the proscribed: in proscriptorum numerum referre aliquem (Rosc. Am. 11. 32)
    • (ambiguous) to differ qualitatively not quantitatively: genere, non numero or magnitudine differre
    • (ambiguous) to consider as a god: aliquem in deorum numero referre
    • (ambiguous) an ordinary, average Roman citizen: unus e togatorum numero
    • (ambiguous) to erase a person's name from the list of the proscribed: e proscriptorum numero eximere aliquem
  • numerus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • numerus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin