numerus

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See also: Numerus

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin numerus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnumerus/, [ˈnume̞rus̠]
  • Rhymes: -umerus
  • Syllabification(key): nu‧me‧rus

Noun[edit]

numerus

  1. (grammar) grammatical number
  2. (arithmetic) antilogarithm (the in )

Declension[edit]

Inflection of numerus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative numerus numerukset
genitive numeruksen numerusten
numeruksien
partitive numerusta numeruksia
illative numerukseen numeruksiin
singular plural
nominative numerus numerukset
accusative nom. numerus numerukset
gen. numeruksen
genitive numeruksen numerusten
numeruksien
partitive numerusta numeruksia
inessive numeruksessa numeruksissa
elative numeruksesta numeruksista
illative numerukseen numeruksiin
adessive numeruksella numeruksilla
ablative numerukselta numeruksilta
allative numerukselle numeruksille
essive numeruksena numeruksina
translative numerukseksi numeruksiksi
abessive numeruksetta numeruksitta
instructive numeruksin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of numerus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative numerukseni numerukseni
accusative nom. numerukseni numerukseni
gen. numerukseni
genitive numerukseni numerusteni
numeruksieni
partitive numerustani numeruksiani
inessive numeruksessani numeruksissani
elative numeruksestani numeruksistani
illative numerukseeni numeruksiini
adessive numeruksellani numeruksillani
ablative numerukseltani numeruksiltani
allative numerukselleni numeruksilleni
essive numeruksenani numeruksinani
translative numeruksekseni numeruksikseni
abessive numeruksettani numeruksittani
instructive
comitative numeruksineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative numeruksesi numeruksesi
accusative nom. numeruksesi numeruksesi
gen. numeruksesi
genitive numeruksesi numerustesi
numeruksiesi
partitive numerustasi numeruksiasi
inessive numeruksessasi numeruksissasi
elative numeruksestasi numeruksistasi
illative numerukseesi numeruksiisi
adessive numeruksellasi numeruksillasi
ablative numerukseltasi numeruksiltasi
allative numeruksellesi numeruksillesi
essive numeruksenasi numeruksinasi
translative numerukseksesi numeruksiksesi
abessive numeruksettasi numeruksittasi
instructive
comitative numeruksinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative numeruksemme numeruksemme
accusative nom. numeruksemme numeruksemme
gen. numeruksemme
genitive numeruksemme numerustemme
numeruksiemme
partitive numerustamme numeruksiamme
inessive numeruksessamme numeruksissamme
elative numeruksestamme numeruksistamme
illative numerukseemme numeruksiimme
adessive numeruksellamme numeruksillamme
ablative numerukseltamme numeruksiltamme
allative numeruksellemme numeruksillemme
essive numeruksenamme numeruksinamme
translative numerukseksemme numeruksiksemme
abessive numeruksettamme numeruksittamme
instructive
comitative numeruksinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative numeruksenne numeruksenne
accusative nom. numeruksenne numeruksenne
gen. numeruksenne
genitive numeruksenne numerustenne
numeruksienne
partitive numerustanne numeruksianne
inessive numeruksessanne numeruksissanne
elative numeruksestanne numeruksistanne
illative numerukseenne numeruksiinne
adessive numeruksellanne numeruksillanne
ablative numerukseltanne numeruksiltanne
allative numeruksellenne numeruksillenne
essive numeruksenanne numeruksinanne
translative numerukseksenne numeruksiksenne
abessive numeruksettanne numeruksittanne
instructive
comitative numeruksinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative numeruksensa numeruksensa
accusative nom. numeruksensa numeruksensa
gen. numeruksensa
genitive numeruksensa numerustensa
numeruksiensa
partitive numerustaan
numerustansa
numeruksiaan
numeruksiansa
inessive numeruksessaan
numeruksessansa
numeruksissaan
numeruksissansa
elative numeruksestaan
numeruksestansa
numeruksistaan
numeruksistansa
illative numerukseensa numeruksiinsa
adessive numeruksellaan
numeruksellansa
numeruksillaan
numeruksillansa
ablative numerukseltaan
numerukseltansa
numeruksiltaan
numeruksiltansa
allative numerukselleen
numeruksellensa
numeruksilleen
numeruksillensa
essive numeruksenaan
numeruksenansa
numeruksinaan
numeruksinansa
translative numeruksekseen
numerukseksensa
numeruksikseen
numeruksiksensa
abessive numeruksettaan
numeruksettansa
numeruksittaan
numeruksittansa
instructive
comitative numeruksineen
numeruksinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

By rhotacism from Proto-Italic *nomezos, from Proto-Indo-European *nem- (to assign, allot; take). Cognate with Ancient Greek νέμω (némō, to distribute), Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 (niman, to take), Latvian ņemt (to take) and Old Irish nem (gift).

The grammatical sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek ἀριθμός (arithmós).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

numerus m (genitive numerī); second declension

  1. number
    inire numerum/rationemto count
  2. collection, quantity
  3. (figuratively) rank, position
    in numerō habēreto rank
  4. (music) time, rhythm
  5. (grammar) number

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative numerus numerī
Genitive numerī numerōrum
Dative numerō numerīs
Accusative numerum numerōs
Ablative numerō numerīs
Vocative numere numerī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Borrowings

Unsorted borrowings

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • numerus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • numerus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • numerus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • numerus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • perfect in every detail: omnibus numeris absolutus (N. D. 2. 13)
    • arithmetic: numeri (-orum)
    • a master-piece of classical work: opus omnibus numeris absolutum
    • poetical rhythm: numerus poetice vinctus
    • the tune; rhythm: numerus, numeri
    • to make a speech rhythmical: numeris orationem astringere, vincire
    • to be regarded as a god: numerum deorum obtinere (N. D. 3. 20)
    • to deify a person: aliquem in deorum numerum referre, reponere
    • to place a person's name on the list of the proscribed: in proscriptorum numerum referre aliquem (Rosc. Am. 11. 32)
    • (ambiguous) to differ qualitatively not quantitatively: genere, non numero or magnitudine differre
    • (ambiguous) to consider as a god: aliquem in deorum numero referre
    • (ambiguous) an ordinary, average Roman citizen: unus e togatorum numero
    • (ambiguous) to erase a person's name from the list of the proscribed: e proscriptorum numero eximere aliquem
  • numerus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • numerus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Dizionario Latino, Olivetti

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin numerus.

Noun[edit]

numerus n

  1. (grammar) number (the state of being singular or plural as shown by inflection)

Declension[edit]

Declension of numerus 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative numerus numeruset numerus numerusen
Genitive numerus numerusets numerus numerusens

References[edit]