ἀριθμός

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See also: αριθμός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂rey-. Cognates include Old Irish rím, Old English rīm (English rhyme), and perhaps Latin rītus. Also compare νήριτος (nḗritos, countless).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ᾰ̓ρῐθμός (arithmósm (genitive ᾰ̓ρῐθμοῦ); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Koine)

  1. number
    1. amount, sum
    2. term in a series
    3. number, account, rank
  2. quantity, amount (of a material, gold, money, time)
  3. numbered or countable item (in a series or list), item; piece (of a wrecked ship); mere entity, cipher (to a person)
  4. taking account or evaluation; regard (for a woman); reckoning (by a person's words)
  5. numbering, counting
  6. arithmetic
  7. (philosophy) abstract number
  8. (grammar) number
  9. numeral
  10. science of numbers, arithmetic, calculation
  11. mathematical unit or aggregate of units, number (as odd or even); (as underlying the organisation of time and space); (as the cause of being and generation);(existing as an ideal entity, opp. as a mathematical object)
  12. (rhetoric) rhythm
  13. numerical sum, number, total number (of persons, animals, things)
  14. (rhetorical) numerical measurement (of the configuration of speech, reference to rhythm)
  15. collection (of individuals forming a group), number, company (of men, envoys, disciples)
  16. military unit (= Latin numerus)
  17. (astrology, usually in the plural) degrees moved traversed in a given time
  18. (medicine) precise condition

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: αριθμός (arithmós)
    Αριθμοί m pl (Arithmoí, Numbers)
  • Pontic Greek: αριθμόν (arithmón)

Further reading[edit]