Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂rey-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reanalysed root of *h₂réyti, from *h₂reh₁- (to think; to count) +‎ *-éyti (*éy-present suffix).[1]

Root[edit]

*h₂rey-[2]

  1. to count, count out[2][3]
  2. to arrange[4]

Extensions[edit]

*h₂rey-dʰ(h₁)- (to put in order)[4]
  • *h₂réy-dʰ-t ~ *h₂ri-dʰ-ént (athematic root aorist)
    • Slavic: [Term?]
      • Latvian: rist (to put in order)
  • *h₂réy-dʰ-i-s[4]
  • *h₂roy-dʰ(h₁)-ó-s[4]
    • Germanic: *raidaz (ready, arranged), *raidijaz[4] (see there for further descendants)
    • Slavic: [Term?]
      • Latvian: raids (ready)
  • *h₂ri-dʰh₁-mó-s

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂réy-mo-s
    • Celtic: *rīmā (number, count)[6][1] (< *h₂réy-meh₂) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *rīmą (number, calculation)[1] (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂réy-tus ~ *h₂ri-téw-s
  • *n̥-h₂ri-to-s[1]
    • Hellenic: [Term?]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*rima-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 413
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 320: “*hₐrei(hₓ)- 'number, count (out)”
  3. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀριθμός”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 131: “*h₂rei- 'count'”
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*raid(j)a-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 402: “*h₂rei-dʰh₁- "to put in order"”
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*rēdi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 306-307
  6. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*rīmā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 313