nummus

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin nummus. Doublet of luma.

Noun[edit]

nummus (plural nummi)

  1. (historical) Any of a range of low-value copper coins issued by the Roman and Byzantine empires during Late Antiquity.

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From νοῦμμος (noûmmos), Doric version of Ancient Greek νόμος (nómos). Compare with numerus, from the same root.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nummus m (genitive nummī); second declension

  1. a coin, piece of money

Usage notes[edit]

Some works ascribe this name to a particular Roman coin, such as the sesterce, but it is unclear which coin was ever known by this name in Latin.

Declension[edit]

  • The genitive plural is normally nummum instead of the analogically expected nummōrum, which is also found.

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative nummus nummī
Genitive nummī nummum
nummōrum
Dative nummō nummīs
Accusative nummum nummōs
Ablative nummō nummīs
Vocative numme nummī

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • nummus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • nummus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nummus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • nummus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • bad money; base coin: nummi adulterini
    • the bank-rate varies: nummus iactatur (Off. 3. 20. 80)
    • to have no debts: in suis nummis versari (Verr. 4. 6. 11)
  • nummus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • nummus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin