retenir

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See also: reteñir

Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Catalan retenir, from Latin retinēre with a change in verb class.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

retenir (first-person singular present retinc, past participle retingut)

  1. to retain; to keep
  2. to retain; to remember
  3. (reflexive) to control oneself; to control one's impulses

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “retenir” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French retenir, from Old French retenir, from Vulgar Latin *retenīre, from Latin retinēre, present active infinitive of retineō, from re- + teneō (to hold).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁə.t(ə).niʁ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

retenir

  1. (transitive) to retain, hold
    1. (transitive) to hold back, rein in
    2. (transitive) to keep, detain, hold up
  2. (transitive) to remember
  3. (transitive, intransitive) to accept (que that)
  4. (transitive, law) to uphold
  5. (reflexive) to restrain oneself, hold back
    Je n'ai pas pu me retenir, je n'ai pas pu m'en empêcher.I couldn't help myself.

Conjugation[edit]

This is a verb in a group of -ir verbs. All verbs ending in -tenir, such as contenir and détenir, are conjugated this way. Such verbs are the only verbs whose the past historic and subjunctive imperfect endings do not start in one of these thematic vowels (-a-, -i-, -u-).

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French retenir.

Verb[edit]

retenir

  1. to keep; to retain
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 67:
      ceulx qui venoient en la dance estoient retenus
      those who came into the dance where retained

Descendants[edit]

  • English: retain
  • French: retenir

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *retenīre, from Latin retinēre, present active infinitive of retineō

Verb[edit]

retenir

  1. to keep; to retain

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem retien distinct from the unstressed stem reten, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]