Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From re- +‎ teneō (hold; restrain).



retineō (present infinitive retinēre, perfect active retinuī, supine retentum); second conjugation

  1. I keep or hold back, detain, restrain, retain, confine, contain; delay.
  2. I hold in check, repress, check, stop, stay.
  3. I hold fast, maintain, preserve, protect, guard, retain.


   Conjugation of retineō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present retineō retinēs retinet retinēmus retinētis retinent
imperfect retinēbam retinēbās retinēbat retinēbāmus retinēbātis retinēbant
future retinēbō retinēbis retinēbit retinēbimus retinēbitis retinēbunt
perfect retinuī retinuistī retinuit retinuimus retinuistis retinuērunt, retinuēre
pluperfect retinueram retinuerās retinuerat retinuerāmus retinuerātis retinuerant
future perfect retinuerō retinueris retinuerit retinuerimus retinueritis retinuerint
passive present retineor retinēris, retinēre retinētur retinēmur retinēminī retinentur
imperfect retinēbar retinēbāris, retinēbāre retinēbātur retinēbāmur retinēbāminī retinēbantur
future retinēbor retinēberis, retinēbere retinēbitur retinēbimur retinēbiminī retinēbuntur
perfect retentus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect retentus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect retentus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present retineam retineās retineat retineāmus retineātis retineant
imperfect retinērem retinērēs retinēret retinērēmus retinērētis retinērent
perfect retinuerim retinuerīs retinuerit retinuerīmus retinuerītis retinuerint
pluperfect retinuissem retinuissēs retinuisset retinuissēmus retinuissētis retinuissent
passive present retinear retineāris, retineāre retineātur retineāmur retineāminī retineantur
imperfect retinērer retinērēris, retinērēre retinērētur retinērēmur retinērēminī retinērentur
perfect retentus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect retentus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present retinē retinēte
future retinētō retinētō retinētōte retinentō
passive present retinēre retinēminī
future retinētor retinētor retinentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives retinēre retinuisse retentūrum esse retinērī retentum esse retentum īrī
participles retinēns retentūrus retentus retinendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
retinendī retinendō retinendum retinendō retentum retentū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Catalan: retenir
  • English: retain
  • French: retenir
  • Italian: ritenere


  • retineo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • retineo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • retineo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to retain the recollection of a thing: memoriam alicuius rei conservare, retinere
    • to retain a (most) pleasant impression of a person: gratam (gratissimam) alicuius memoriam retinere
    • to live as scrupulously moral a life as ever: virtutem pristinam retinere
    • to observe moderation, be moderate: modum tenere, retinere, servare, adhibere
    • to keep up a usage: consuetudinem suam tenere, retinere,[TR1] servare
    • to guard, maintain one's dignity: dignitatem suam tueri, defendere, retinere, obtinere