sisto

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See also: Sisto

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *sistō, from Proto-Indo-European *stísteh₂ti, from the root *steh₂- (stand). Related to stō (stand, be stood), from the same root, with which sistō shares its supine forms.

Cognates include Ancient Greek ἵστημι (hístēmi) and Sanskrit तिष्ठति (tíṣṭhati).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sistō (present infinitive sistere, perfect active stitī, supine statum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) I cause to stand; I set; I place.
  2. (intransitive) I place myself; I stand.
  3. (transitive, law) I cause to appear in court.
  4. (intransitive, law) I appear in court.
  5. (intransitive) I stand still; I halt; I stand firm.

Conjugation[edit]

  • Perfects of the form stetī for this verb are considered doubtful.
   Conjugation of sistō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sistō sistis sistit sistimus sistitis sistunt
imperfect sistēbam sistēbās sistēbat sistēbāmus sistēbātis sistēbant
future sistam sistēs sistet sistēmus sistētis sistent
perfect stitī stitistī stitit stitimus stitistis stitērunt, stitēre
pluperfect stiteram stiterās stiterat stiterāmus stiterātis stiterant
future perfect stiterō stiteris stiterit stiterimus stiteritis stiterint
passive present sistor sisteris, sistere sistitur sistimur sistiminī sistuntur
imperfect sistēbar sistēbāris, sistēbāre sistēbātur sistēbāmur sistēbāminī sistēbantur
future sistar sistēris, sistēre sistētur sistēmur sistēminī sistentur
perfect status + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect status + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect status + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sistam sistās sistat sistāmus sistātis sistant
imperfect sisterem sisterēs sisteret sisterēmus sisterētis sisterent
perfect stiterim stiterīs stiterit stiterīmus stiterītis stiterint
pluperfect stitissem stitissēs stitisset stitissēmus stitissētis stitissent
passive present sistar sistāris, sistāre sistātur sistāmur sistāminī sistantur
imperfect sisterer sisterēris, sisterēre sisterētur sisterēmur sisterēminī sisterentur
perfect status + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect status + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present siste sistite
future sistitō sistitō sistitōte sistuntō
passive present sistere sistiminī
future sistitor sistitor sistuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sistere stitisse statūrum esse sistī statum esse statum īrī
participles sistēns statūrus status sistendus, sistundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
sistendī sistendō sistendum sistendō statum statū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Romanian: sista

References[edit]



Latvian[edit]

Participle[edit]

sisto

  1. vocative singular masculine form of sistais
  2. accusative singular masculine form of sistais
  3. instrumental singular masculine form of sistais
  4. genitive plural masculine form of sistais
  5. vocative singular feminine form of sistais
  6. accusative singular feminine form of sistais
  7. instrumental singular feminine form of sistais
  8. genitive plural feminine form of sistais