तिष्ठति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *(s)tíṣṭaHti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stíštaHti, from Proto-Indo-European *stísteh₂ti, from *steh₂- (to stand). Cognate with Latin sistō, Ancient Greek ἵστημι (hístēmi), Old English standan (whence English stand).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

तिष्ठति (tíṣṭhati) (root स्था, class 1, type P)

  1. to stand, stand firmly, station oneself, stand upon, get upon, take up a position on
    with पादाभ्याम् (pādābhyām)to stand on the feet
    with जानुभ्याम् (jānubhyām)to kneel
    with अग्रे (ágre) or अग्रतस् (agratás) and genitive — to stand or present oneself before
    with पुरस् (purás) and with or without genitive — to stand up against an enemy etc.
  2. to stay, remain, continue in any condition or action
    with कन्या (kanyā́)to remain a girl or unmarried
    with तूष्णीम् (tūṣṇī́m) or with मौनेन (maunena) (instrumental) — to remain silent
    with सुखम् (sukhám)to continue or feel well
  3. to remain occupied or engaged in, be intent upon, make a practice of, keep on, persevere in any act (with locative or ind.p.)
    with राज्ये (rājye)to continue governing
    with शासने (śāsane)to practise obedience
    with बल (bale)to exercise power
    with स्वधर्मे (sva-dharme)to do one's duty
    with स्वकर्मणि (sva-karmaṇi)to keep to one's own business
    with संशये (saṃśaye, saṃśaye)to persist in doubting
    धर्मम् आश्रित्य (dharmam āśritya) — to practise virtue
  4. to continue to be or exist (as opposed to "perish"), endure, last
  5. to be, exist, be present, be obtainable or at hand
  6. to be with or at the disposal of, belong to (dative, genitive or locative)
  7. (Ā, mc. also P. compare Pāṇini 1-3, 23; IV, 34) to stand by, abide by, be near to, be on the side of, adhere or submit to, acquiesce in, serve, obey (locative or dative)
  8. to stand still, stay quiet, remain stationary, stop, halt, wait, tarry, linger, hesitate
  9. to behave or conduct oneself
    with समम् (samám)to behave equally towards any one (+ locative)
  10. to be directed to or fixed on (+ locative)
  11. to be founded or rest or depend on, be contained in (+ locative)
  12. to rely on, confide in (+ locative)
    मयि स्थित्वा (mayi sthitvā) — confiding in me
  13. to stay at, resort to (+ accusative)
  14. to arise from (+ ablative or genitive)
  15. to desist or cease from (+ ablative)
  16. to remain unnoticed (as of no importance), be left alone (only imperative and potential)
  17. (passive) be stood etc. - frequently used impersonally
    मया स्थीयताम् (mayā sthīyatām) — let it be abided by me; i.e. I must abide
  18. (causative) to cause to stand, place, locate, set, lay, fix, station, establish, found, institute
  19. (causative) to set up, erect, raise, build
  20. (causative) to cause to continue, make durable, strengthen, confirm
  21. (causative) to prop up, support, maintain
  22. (causative) to affirm, assent
  23. (causative) to appoint (to any office + locative)
  24. (causative) to cause to be, constitute, make, appoint or employ as (+ two accusatives)
    with धात्रीम् (dhātrīm, dhātrīm)to employ any one as a nurse
    with रक्षार्थम् (rakṣā-rtham)to appoint any one as guardian
    with सज्जम् (sajjam)to make anything ready
    with सुरक्षितम् (surakṣitam, su-rakṣitam)to keep anything well guarded
    with स्वीकृत्य (svīkṛtya)to make anything one's own
    with परिशेषम् (pariśeṣam)to leave anything over or remaining
  25. (causative) to fix, settle, determine, resolve
  26. (causative) to fix in or on, lead or being into, direct or turn towards (+ locative, rarely accusative)
    with हृदि (hṛdi)to impress on the heart
    with मनस् (mánas)to fix the mind on
  27. (causative) to introduce or initiate into, instruct in (+ locative)
    with नये (naye)to instruct in a plan or system
  28. (causative) to make over or deliver up to (loc. or haste with gen., " into the hands of ")
  29. (causative) to give in marriage
  30. (causative) to cause to stand still, stop, arrest, check, hold, keep in, restrain
    with बद्ध्वा (baddhvā, baddhvā)to keep bound or imprisoned
  31. (causative) to place aside, keep, save, preserve

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of तिष्ठति (tiṣṭhati)
Number Number Number
Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural Singular Dual Plural
Present tense
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person तिष्ठति
tiṣṭhati
तिष्ठतः
tiṣṭhataḥ
तिष्ठन्ति
tiṣṭhanti
तिष्ठते
tiṣṭhate
तिष्ठेते
tiṣṭhete
तिष्ठन्ते
tiṣṭhante
स्थीयते
sthīyate
स्थीयेते
sthīyete
स्थीयन्ते
sthīyante
2nd person तिष्ठसि
tiṣṭhasi
तिष्ठथः
tiṣṭhathaḥ
तिष्ठथ
tiṣṭhatha
तिष्ठसे
tiṣṭhase
तिष्ठेथे
tiṣṭhethe
तिष्ठध्वे
tiṣṭhadhve
स्थीयसे
sthīyase
स्थीयेथे
sthīyethe
स्थीयेध्वे
sthīyedhve
1st person तिष्ठामि
tiṣṭhāmi
तिष्ठावः
tiṣṭhāvaḥ
तिष्ठामः
tiṣṭhāmaḥ
तिष्ठे
tiṣṭhe
तिष्ठावहे
tiṣṭhāvahe
तिष्ठामहे
tiṣṭhāmahe
स्थीये
sthīye
स्थीयावहे
sthīyāvahe
स्थीयामहे
sthīyāmahe
Past tense (Imperfective)
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person अतिष्ठत्
atiṣṭhat
अतिष्ठताम्
atiṣṭhatām
अतिष्ठन्
atiṣṭhan
अतिष्ठत
atiṣṭhata
अतिष्ठेताम्
atiṣṭhetām
अतिष्ठन्त
atiṣṭhanta
अस्थीयत
asthīyata
अस्थीयेताम्
asthīyetām
अस्थीयन्त
asthīyanta
2nd person अतिष्ठः
atiṣṭhaḥ
अतिष्ठतम्
atiṣṭhatam
अतिष्ठत
atiṣṭhata
अतिष्ठथाः
atiṣṭhathāḥ
अतिष्ठेथाम्
atiṣṭhethām
अतिष्ठध्वम्
atiṣṭhadhvam
अस्थीयथाः
asthīyathāḥ
अस्थीयेथाम्
asthīyethām
अस्थीयध्वम्
asthīyadhvam
1st person अतिष्ठम्
atiṣṭham
अतिष्ठाव
atiṣṭhāva
अतिष्ठाम
atiṣṭhāma
अतिष्ठे
atiṣṭhe
अतिष्ठावहि
atiṣṭhāvahi
अतिष्ठामहि
atiṣṭhāmahi
अस्थीये
asthīye
अस्थीयावहि
asthīyāvahi
अस्थीयामहि
asthīyāmahi
Imperative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person तिष्ठतु
tiṣṭhatu
तिष्ठताम्
tiṣṭhatām
तिष्ठन्तु
tiṣṭhantu
तिष्ठताम्
tiṣṭhatām
तिष्ठेताम्
tiṣṭhetām
तिष्ठन्ताम्
tiṣṭhantām
स्थीयताम्
sthīyatām
स्थीयेताम्
sthīyetām
स्थीयन्ताम्
sthīyantām
2nd person तिष्ठ
tiṣṭha
तिष्ठतम्
tiṣṭhatam
तिष्ठत
tiṣṭhata
तिष्ठस्व
tiṣṭhasva
तिष्ठेथाम्
tiṣṭhethām
तिष्ठध्वम्
tiṣṭhadhvam
स्थीयस्व
sthīyasva
स्थीयेथाम्
sthīyethām
स्थीयध्वम्
sthīyadhvam
1st person तिष्ठानि
tiṣṭhāni
तिष्ठाव
tiṣṭhāva
तिष्ठाम
tiṣṭhāma
तिष्ठै
tiṣṭhai
तिष्ठावहै
tiṣṭhāvahai
तिष्ठामहै
tiṣṭhāmahai
स्थीयै
sthīyai
स्थीयावहै
sthīyāvahai
स्थीयामहै
sthīyāmahai


Potential mood / Optative mood
Voice Active Voice Middle Voice Passive Voice
Person 3rd person तिष्ठेत्
tiṣṭhet
तिष्ठेताम्
tiṣṭhetām
तिष्ठेयुः
tiṣṭheyuḥ
तिष्ठेत
tiṣṭheta
तिष्ठेयाताम्
tiṣṭheyātām
तिष्ठेरन्
tiṣṭheran
स्थीयेत
sthīyeta
स्थीयेयाताम्
sthīyeyātām
स्थीयेरन्
sthīyeran
2nd person तिष्ठेः
tiṣṭheḥ
तिष्ठेतम्
tiṣṭhetam
तिष्ठेत
tiṣṭheta
तिष्ठेथाः
tiṣṭhethāḥ
तिष्ठेयाथाम्
tiṣṭheyāthām
तिष्ठेध्वम्
tiṣṭhedhvam
स्थीयेथाः
sthīyethāḥ
स्थीयेयाथाम्
sthīyeyāthām
स्थीयेध्वम्
sthīyedhvam
1st person तिष्ठेयम्
tiṣṭheyam
तिष्ठेव
tiṣṭheva
तिष्ठेम
tiṣṭhema
तिष्ठेय
tiṣṭheya
तिष्ठेवहि
tiṣṭhevahi
तिष्ठेमहि
tiṣṭhemahi
स्थीयेय
sthīyeya
स्थीयेवहि
sthīyevahi
स्थीयेमहि
sthīyemahi

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References[edit]

Further reading[edit]