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From Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-. Cognates include Latin stō, Ancient Greek ἵστημι (hístēmi), Old English standan (English stand).


तिष्ठति (tíṣṭhati) (root स्था, class 1 P.)

  1. to stand, stand firmly, station oneself, stand upon, get upon, take up a position on
    with पादाभ्याम् (pādābhyām)to stand on the feet
    with जानुभ्याम् (jānubhyām)to kneel
    with अग्रे (ágre) or अग्रतस् (agratás) and genitive — to stand or present oneself before
    with पुरस् (purás) and with or without genitive — to stand up against an enemy etc.
  2. to stay, remain, continue in any condition or action
    with कन्या (kanyā́)to remain a girl or unmarried
    with तूष्णीम् (tūṣṇī́m) or with मौनेन (maunena) (instrumental) — to remain silent
    with सुखम् (sukhám)to continue or feel well
  3. to remain occupied or engaged in, be intent upon, make a practice of, keep on, persevere in any act (with locative or ind.p.)
    with राज्ये (rājye)to continue governing
    with शासने (śāsane)to practise obedience
    with बल (bale)to exercise power
    with स्वधर्मे (sva-dharme)to do one's duty
    with स्वकर्मणि (sva-karmaṇi)to keep to one's own business
    with संशये (saṃśaye, saṃśaye)to persist in doubting
    धर्मम् आश्रित्य (dharmam āśritya) — to practise virtue
  4. to continue to be or exist (as opposed to "perish"), endure, last
  5. to be, exist, be present, be obtainable or at hand
  6. to be with or at the disposal of, belong to (dative, genitive or locative)
  7. (Ā, mc. also P. compare Pāṇini 1-3, 23; IV, 34) to stand by, abide by, be near to, be on the side of, adhere or submit to, acquiesce in, serve, obey (locative or dative)
  8. to stand still, stay quiet, remain stationary, stop, halt, wait, tarry, linger, hesitate
  9. to behave or conduct oneself
    with समम् (samám)to behave equally towards any one (+ locative)
  10. to be directed to or fixed on (+ locative)
  11. to be founded or rest or depend on, be contained in (+ locative)
  12. to rely on, confide in (+ locative)
    मयि स्थित्वा (mayi sthitvā) — confiding in me
  13. to stay at, resort to (+ accusative)
  14. to arise from (+ ablative or genitive)
  15. to desist or cease from (+ ablative)
  16. to remain unnoticed (as of no importance), be left alone (only imperative and potential)
  17. (passive) be stood etc. - frequently used impersonally
    मया स्थीयताम् (mayā sthīyatām) — let it be abided by me; i.e. I must abide
  18. (causative) to cause to stand, place, locate, set, lay, fix, station, establish, found, institute
  19. (causative) to set up, erect, raise, build
  20. (causative) to cause to continue, make durable, strengthen, confirm
  21. (causative) to prop up, support, maintain
  22. (causative) to affirm, assent
  23. (causative) to appoint (to any office + locative)
  24. (causative) to cause to be, constitute, make, appoint or employ as (+ two accusatives)
    with धात्रीम् (dhātrīm, dhātrīm)to employ any one as a nurse
    with रक्षार्थम् (rakṣā-rtham)to appoint any one as guardian
    with सज्जम् (sajjam)to make anything ready
    with सुरक्षितम् (surakṣitam, su-rakṣitam)to keep anything well guarded
    with स्वीकृत्य (svīkṛtya)to make anything one's own
    with परिशेषम् (pariśeṣam)to leave anything over or remaining
  25. (causative) to fix, settle, determine, resolve
  26. (causative) to fix in or on, lead or being into, direct or turn towards (+ locative, rarely accusative)
    with हृदि (hṛdi)to impress on the heart
    with मनस् (mánas)to fix the mind on
  27. (causative) to introduce or initiate into, instruct in (+ locative)
    with नये (naye)to instruct in a plan or system
  28. (causative) to make over or deliver up to (loc. or haste with gen., " into the hands of ")
  29. (causative) to give in marriage
  30. (causative) to cause to stand still, stop, arrest, check, hold, keep in, restrain
    with बद्ध्वा (baddhvā, baddhvā)to keep bound or imprisoned
  31. (causative) to place aside, keep, save, preserve


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1262

Further reading[edit]