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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mánas (mind, thought) from Proto-Indo-European *ménos, from *men- (to think). Cognates include Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬥𐬋 (manō) and Ancient Greek μένος (ménos).


मनस् (mánasn

  1. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will
  2. the spirit or spiritual principle, the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death
  3. thought, imagination, excogitation, invention, reflection, opinion, intention, inclination, affection, desire, mood, temper, spirit
  4. name of the 26th kalpa (कल्प) ‎


Neuter consonantal as-stem declension of मनस्
Nom. sg. मनः (manaḥ)
Gen. sg. मनसः (manasaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मनः (manaḥ) मनसी (manasī) मनांसि (manāṃsi)
Vocative मनः (manaḥ) मनसी (manasī) मनांसि (manāṃsi)
Accusative मनः (manaḥ) मनसी (manasī) मनांसि (manāṃsi)
Instrumental मनसा (manasā) मनोभ्याम् (manobhyām) मनोभिः (manobhiḥ)
Dative मनसे (manase) मनोभ्याम् (manobhyām) मनोभ्यः (manobhyaḥ)
Ablative मनसः (manasaḥ) मनोभ्याम् (manobhyām) मनोभ्यः (manobhyaḥ)
Genitive मनसः (manasaḥ) मनसोः (manasoḥ) मनसाम् (manasām)
Locative मनसि (manasi) मनसोः (manasoḥ) मनःसु (manaḥsu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pages 783/3, 784/1