मनस्

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Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit मनस् (mánas). Doublet of मन (man).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mə.nəs/, [mə.n̪əs̪]

Noun[edit]

मनस् (manasm (rare, formal, chiefly in compounds)

  1. the mind
    Synonyms: मन (man), जी (), दिल (dil), चित्त (citt)
  2. intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience
  3. will, wish, desire
    Synonyms: इच्छा (icchā), कामना (kāmnā), अभिलाषा (abhilāṣā)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dāsa, Śyamāsundara (1965–1975) , “मनः”, in Hindī Śabdasāgara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

मनस् m

  1. Devanagari script form of manas

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *mánas (mind), from Proto-Indo-European *ménos (mind), from *men- (to think). Cognate with Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬥𐬀𐬵(manah), Old Persian 𐎶𐎴𐏃 (m-n-h /manah/), Latin mēns, Ancient Greek μένος (ménos) and English mind.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

मनस् (mánasn

  1. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 5.61:
      उत त्वा स्त्री शशीयसी पुंसो भवति वस्यसी ।
      अदेवत्रादराधसः ॥
      वि या जानाति जसुरिं वि तृष्यन्तं वि कामिनम् ।
      देवत्रा कृणुते मनः
      uta tvā strī śaśīyasī puṃso bhavati vasyasī .
      adevatrādarādhasaḥ .
      vi yā jānāti jasuriṃ vi tṛṣyantaṃ vi kāminam .
      devatrā kṛṇute manaḥ .
      Yea, many a woman is more firm and better than the man who turns away from Gods, and does not worship.
      She who discerns the weak and worn and the man who thirsts and is in want
      She sets her mind upon the Gods.
  2. the spirit or spiritual principle, the breath or living soul which escapes from the body at death
  3. thought, imagination, excogitation, invention, reflection, opinion, intention, inclination, affection, desire, mood, temper, spirit
  4. name of the 26th kalpa

Declension[edit]

Neuter as-stem declension of मनस् (mánas)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मनः
mánaḥ
मनसी
mánasī
मनांसि
mánāṃsi
Vocative मनः
mánaḥ
मनसी
mánasī
मनांसि
mánāṃsi
Accusative मनः
mánaḥ
मनसी
mánasī
मनांसि
mánāṃsi
Instrumental मनसा
mánasā
मनोभ्याम्
mánobhyām
मनोभिः
mánobhiḥ
Dative मनसे
mánase
मनोभ्याम्
mánobhyām
मनोभ्यः
mánobhyaḥ
Ablative मनसः
mánasaḥ
मनोभ्याम्
mánobhyām
मनोभ्यः
mánobhyaḥ
Genitive मनसः
mánasaḥ
मनसोः
mánasoḥ
मनसाम्
mánasām
Locative मनसि
mánasi
मनसोः
mánasoḥ
मनःसु
mánaḥsu

Descendants[edit]

  • Ashokan Prakrit:
    • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀫𑀡 (maṇa)
      • Old Marathi:
  • Paisaci Prakrit: [Term?]
    • Punjabi: ਮਨ (man), Punjabi: ਮੰਨ (mann)
    • Sauraseni Prakrit:
      • Gurjar Apabhramsa:
        • Old Gujarati: [script needed] (maṇi)
      • Sauraseni Apabhramsa:
        • Hindustani:
          Hindi: मन (man)
          Urdu: من(man)
    • Magadhi Prakrit:
      • Assamese: মন (mon)
      • Oriya: [script needed] (maṇa)
  • Pali: manas
  • Kannada: ಮನಸ್ಸು (manassu), ಮನಸು (manasu), ಮನ (mana)
  • Tamil: மனசு (maṉacu), மனது (maṉatu), மனம் (maṉam)
  • Telugu: మనసు (manasu)
  • Hindi: मनस् (manas) (learned)

References[edit]