कन्या

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See also: कनिया

Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā́), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-European *ken-. Doublet of कनीज़ (kanīz).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kən.jɑː/, [kə̃n̪.jäː]

Noun[edit]

कन्या (kanyāf (Urdu spelling کنیا‎)

  1. girl
    Synonym: लड़की (laṛkī)
  2. virgin
    Synonyms: कुँआरी (kũārī), कुमारी (kumārī)
  3. daughter
    Synonyms: (rare) दुख़्तर (duxtar), पुत्री (putrī), बेटी (beṭī)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

कन्या (kanyāf (Urdu spelling کنیا‎)

  1. (astrology, astronomy) Virgo

References[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā́), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-European *ken-. Compare Old Marathi 𑘎𑘡𑘿𑘧𑘰 (kanyā).

Noun[edit]

कन्या (kanyāf

  1. girl
  2. daughter
    Synonym: मुलगी (mulgī)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “कन्या”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “कन्या”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

कन्या (kanyāf

  1. girl
    Synonym: केटी (keṭī)
  2. virgin
    Synonym: कुमारी (kumārī)
  3. (astronomy) The constellation Virgo
  4. (astrology) A virgo

See also[edit]

Zodiac signs in Nepali · राशि (rāśi) (layout · text)
Green Aries emoji.svg Green Taurus emoji.svg Green Gemini emoji.svg Green Cancer emoji.svg
मेष (meṣ) ♈︎ वृष (vr̥ṣ) ♉︎ मिथुन (mithun) ♊︎ कर्कट (karkaṭ) ♋︎
Green Leo emoji.svg Green Virgo emoji.svg Green Libra emoji.svg Green Scorpio emoji.svg
सिंह (siṅha) ♌︎ कन्या (kanyā) ♍︎ तुला (tulā) ♎︎ वृश्चिक (vr̥ścik) ♏︎
Green Sagittarius emoji.svg Green Capricorn emoji.svg Green Aquarius emoji.svg Green Pisces emoji.svg
धनु (dhanu) ♐︎ मकर (makar) ♑︎ कुम्भ (kumbha) ♒︎ मीन (mīn) ♓︎

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *kanyáH (maiden, virgin, unmarried girl), from Proto-Indo-European *ken- (new, fresh) (whence also कनीन (kanī́na, young, youthful)). Cognate with Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬥𐬌𐬌𐬁(kaniiā, maiden), Middle Persian [script needed] (knykʿ /kanīg/) (whence Persian کنیز(kaniz)), Latin re-cēns (recent; fresh; young), Ancient Greek καινός (kainós, new).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

कन्या (kanyā̀f (metrical Vedic kaníyā)

  1. maiden, virgin, unmarried girl
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.58.09:
      क॒न्या॑ इव वह॒तुमेत॒वा उ॑ अ॒ञ्ज्य॑ञ्जा॒ना अ॒भि चा॑कशीमि ।
      kanyā iva vahatumetavā u añjyañjānā abhi cākaśīmi .
      As maidens dock themselves with gay adornment to join the bridal feast, I now behold them.
    • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda
  2. a daughter
  3. (astrology) the sign of the zodiac Virgo
  4. the female of any animal
  5. name of Durga
  6. (botany) name of a tuberous plant growing in Kashmir
  7. Aloe perfoliata; rubble aloe, mitre aloe
  8. name of several other plants
  9. (prosody) name of a metre (of four lines, each of them containing four long syllables)

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of कन्या (kanyā̀)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कन्या
kanyā̀
कन्ये
kanyè
कन्याः
kanyā̀ḥ
Vocative कन्ये
kánye
कन्ये
kánye
कन्याः
kányāḥ
Accusative कन्याम्
kanyā̀m
कन्ये
kanyè
कन्याः
kanyā̀ḥ
Instrumental कन्यया / कन्या¹
kanyàyā / kanyā̀¹
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā̀bhyām
कन्याभिः
kanyā̀bhiḥ
Dative कन्यायै
kanyā̀yai
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā̀bhyām
कन्याभ्यः
kanyā̀bhyaḥ
Ablative कन्यायाः
kanyā̀yāḥ
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā̀bhyām
कन्याभ्यः
kanyā̀bhyaḥ
Genitive कन्यायाः
kanyā̀yāḥ
कन्ययोः
kanyàyoḥ
कन्यानाम्
kanyā̀nām
Locative कन्यायाम्
kanyā̀yām
कन्ययोः
kanyàyoḥ
कन्यासु
kanyā̀su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]