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मिथुन ‎(mithuná)

  1. paired, forming a pair
    • RV 1.173.2d
      अर्चद वर्षा वर्षभिः सवेदुहव्यैर्म्र्गो नाश्नो अति यज्जुगुर्यात |
      पर मन्दयुर्मनां गूर्त होता भरते मर्यो मिथुना यजत्रः ||
      arcad vṛṣā vṛṣabhiḥ sveduhavyairmṛgho nāśno ati yajjughuryāt |
      pra mandayurmanāṃ ghūrta hotā bharate maryo mithunā yajatraḥ ||
      Let the Bull sing with Bulls whose toil is worship, with a loud roar like some wild beast that hungers.
      Praised God! the glad priest brings his heart's devotion; the holy youth presents twofold oblation.



मिथुन ‎(mithunám

  1. a pair (male and female; but also "any couple or pair")
    • RV 1.144.4b
      यमीं दवा सवयसा सपर्यतः समाने योना मिथुना समोकसा |
      दिवा न नक्तं पलितो युवाजनि पुरू चरन्नजरो मानुषा युगा ||
      yamīṃ dvā savayasā saparyataḥ samāne yonā mithunā samokasā |
      divā na naktaṃ palito yuvājani purū carannajaro mānuṣā yughā ||
      He whom the two copartners with observance tend, the pair who dwell together in the same abode,
      By night as in the day the grey one was born young, passing untouched by eld through many an age of man.



Usage notes[edit]

Usally dual. In later language, mostly n. At the end of a compound. feminine in -ā.


मिथुन ‎(mithunán

  1. pairing, copulation
  2. a pair or couple (but also "twins")
  3. (sometimes masculine) the sign of the zodiac Gemini or the third arc of 30 degrees in a circle
  4. the other part, complement or companion of anything (also applied to a kind of small statue at the entrance of a temple)
  5. honey and ghee
  6. (grammar) root compounded with a preposition



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0816
  • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma mithuná