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From the Proto-Indo-European *meyth₂-, *mith₂- ‎(to exchange, remove). From the original meaning "to exchange" a semantic shift occurred to "to give, bestow" and then "to let go, send". Cognates include Sanskrit मेथेते ‎(methete, to become hostile, quarrel) and Gothic 𐌹𐌽-𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(in-maidjan, to change).



mittō ‎(present infinitive mittere, perfect active mīsī, supine missum); third conjugation

  1. I send, cause to go, let go, release, discharge
  2. I announce, tell, report, send word, advise
  3. I yield, furnish, produce, export
  4. I put an end to
  5. I let or bring out, put or send forth, send out, emit; let blood, bleed; utter a sound, speak, say
  6. I throw, hurl, cast, launch, send; throw down, sprinkle
  7. I attend, guide, escort
  8. I dismiss, disregard
    • Vergil. Aeneid, VI
      mitte hanc de pectore curam
      Dismiss this anxiety from your heart


   Conjugation of mitto (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mittō mittis mittit mittimus mittitis mittunt
imperfect mittēbam mittēbās mittēbat mittēbāmus mittēbātis mittēbant
future mittam mittēs mittet mittēmus mittētis mittent
perfect mīsī mīsistī mīsit mīsimus mīsistis mīsērunt, mīsēre
pluperfect mīseram mīserās mīserat mīserāmus mīserātis mīserant
future perfect mīserō mīseris mīserit mīserimus mīseritis mīserint
passive present mittor mitteris, mittere mittitur mittimur mittiminī mittuntur
imperfect mittēbar mittēbāris, mittēbāre mittēbātur mittēbāmur mittēbāminī mittēbantur
future mittar mittēris, mittēre mittētur mittēmur mittēminī mittentur
perfect missus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect missus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect missus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mittam mittās mittat mittāmus mittātis mittant
imperfect mitterem mitterēs mitteret mitterēmus mitterētis mitterent
perfect mīserim mīserīs mīserit mīserīmus mīserītis mīserint
pluperfect mīsissem mīsissēs mīsisset mīsissēmus mīsissētis mīsissent
passive present mittar mittāris, mittāre mittātur mittāmur mittāminī mittantur
imperfect mitterer mitterēris, mitterēre mitterētur mitterēmur mitterēminī mitterentur
perfect missus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect missus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mitte mittite
future mittitō mittitō mittitōte mittuntō
passive present mittere mittiminī
future mittitor mittitor mittuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mittere mīsisse missūrus esse mittī missus esse missum īrī
participles mittēns missūrus missus mittendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
mittere mittendī mittendō mittendum missum missū


Derived terms[edit]



  • mitto” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.