furnish

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English furnysshen, from Old French furniss-, stem of certain parts of furnir, fornir (Modern French fournir), from Germanic, from Frankish *frumjan ‎(to complete, execute), from Proto-Germanic *frumjaną ‎(to further, promote), from Proto-Indo-European *promo- ‎(front, forward). Cognate with Old High German frumjan ‎(to perform, provide), Old High German fruma ‎(utility, gain), Old English fremu ‎(profit, advantage), Old English fremian ‎(to promote, perform). More at frame, frim.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

furnish ‎(plural furnishes)

  1. Material used to create an engineered product.
    • 2003, Martin E. Rogers, Timothy E. Long, Synthetic Methods in Step-growth Polymers, Wiley-IEEE, page 257
      The resin-coated furnish is evenly spread inside the form and another metal plate is placed on top.

Verb[edit]

furnish ‎(third-person singular simple present furnishes, present participle furnishing, simple past and past participle furnished)

  1. (transitive) To provide a place with furniture, or other equipment.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
    • 1915, Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, The Lodger, chapter II:
      Then his sallow face brightened, for the hall had been carefully furnished, and was very clean. ¶ There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To supply or give.
    to furnish a family with provisions;  to furnish the mind with ideas
    • Thomas Macaulay (1800-1859)
      His writings and his life furnish abundant proofs that he was not a man of strong sense.
    • 1813, Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Modern Library Edition (1995), p.119:
      [] he took his seat at the bottom of the table, by her ladyship's desire, and looked as if he felt that life could furnish nothing greater.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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