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From ob- +‎ iaciō (I throw, hurl).



ōbiciō (present infinitive ōbicere, perfect active ōbiēcī, supine ōbiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. I throw or put to, towards, in front of or before, present; expose.
  2. I hold out, offer, turn over, give over
  3. I cast in the way, interpose; set against, oppose.
  4. (figuratively) I throw out against someone, taunt, reproach or upbraid with.
  5. (figuratively) I bring upon, inspire, inflict, visit, produce, cause.

Usage notes[edit]

In prosody, the first syllable is scanned short in works by some later writers; thus ōbiciō can be alternatively written as obiciō.


   Conjugation of obicio (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ōbiciō ōbicis ōbicit ōbicimus ōbicitis ōbiciunt
imperfect ōbiciēbam ōbiciēbās ōbiciēbat ōbiciēbāmus ōbiciēbātis ōbiciēbant
future ōbiciam ōbiciēs ōbiciet ōbiciēmus ōbiciētis ōbicient
perfect ōbiēcī ōbiēcistī ōbiēcit ōbiēcimus ōbiēcistis ōbiēcērunt, ōbiēcēre
pluperfect ōbiēceram ōbiēcerās ōbiēcerat ōbiēcerāmus ōbiēcerātis ōbiēcerant
future perfect ōbiēcerō ōbiēceris ōbiēcerit ōbiēcerimus ōbiēceritis ōbiēcerint
passive present ōbicior ōbiceris, ōbicere ōbicitur ōbicimur ōbiciminī ōbiciuntur
imperfect ōbiciēbar ōbiciēbāris, ōbiciēbāre ōbiciēbātur ōbiciēbāmur ōbiciēbāminī ōbiciēbantur
future ōbiciar ōbiciēris, ōbiciēre ōbiciētur ōbiciēmur ōbiciēminī ōbicientur
perfect ōbiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ōbiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ōbiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ōbiciam ōbiciās ōbiciat ōbiciāmus ōbiciātis ōbiciant
imperfect ōbicerem ōbicerēs ōbiceret ōbicerēmus ōbicerētis ōbicerent
perfect ōbiēcerim ōbiēcerīs ōbiēcerit ōbiēcerīmus ōbiēcerītis ōbiēcerint
pluperfect ōbiēcissem ōbiēcissēs ōbiēcisset ōbiēcissēmus ōbiēcissētis ōbiēcissent
passive present ōbiciar ōbiciāris, ōbiciāre ōbiciātur ōbiciāmur ōbiciāminī ōbiciantur
imperfect ōbicerer ōbicerēris, ōbicerēre ōbicerētur ōbicerēmur ōbicerēminī ōbicerentur
perfect ōbiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ōbiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ōbice ōbicite
future ōbicitō ōbicitō ōbicitōte ōbiciuntō
passive present ōbicere ōbiciminī
future ōbicitor ōbicitor ōbiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ōbicere ōbiēcisse ōbiectūrus esse ōbicī ōbiectus esse ōbiectum īrī
participles ōbiciēns ōbiectūrus ōbiectus ōbiciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
ōbicere ōbiciendī ōbiciendō ōbiciendum ōbiectum ōbiectū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]