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From dē- (from, down from, away from) +‎ iaciō (throw, hurl).





dēiciō (present infinitive dēicere, perfect active dēiēcī, supine dēiectum); third conjugation iō-variant

  1. to throw, cast, or hurl down; precipitate
    Synonym: abiciō
    Antonyms: levō, allevō, ēlevō, ērigō, excellō, tollō, ēvehō, scandō, efferō, surgō
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Proverbs.15.13:
      Cor gaudēns exhilarat faciem: in maerōre animī dēicitur spīritus.
      A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by grief of mind the spirit is cast down.
      (Douay-Rheims trans., Challoner rev.: 1752 CE)
  2. to drive out, dislodge
  3. to kill, slay
    Synonyms: cōnficiō, perimō, ēnecō, occidō, trucīdō, interficiō, peragō, obtruncō, caedō, necō, iugulō, interimō, percutiō, sōpiō, tollō, absūmō, cōnsūmō
  4. to lower, hang down, depress
  5. to deprive, rob (of)


   Conjugation of dēiciō (third conjugation -variant)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēiciō dēicis dēicit dēicimus dēicitis dēiciunt
imperfect dēiciēbam dēiciēbās dēiciēbat dēiciēbāmus dēiciēbātis dēiciēbant
future dēiciam dēiciēs dēiciet dēiciēmus dēiciētis dēicient
perfect dēiēcī dēiēcistī dēiēcit dēiēcimus dēiēcistis dēiēcērunt,
pluperfect dēiēceram dēiēcerās dēiēcerat dēiēcerāmus dēiēcerātis dēiēcerant
future perfect dēiēcerō dēiēceris dēiēcerit dēiēcerimus dēiēceritis dēiēcerint
passive present dēicior dēiceris,
dēicitur dēicimur dēiciminī dēiciuntur
imperfect dēiciēbar dēiciēbāris,
dēiciēbātur dēiciēbāmur dēiciēbāminī dēiciēbantur
future dēiciar dēiciēris,
dēiciētur dēiciēmur dēiciēminī dēicientur
perfect dēiectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēiectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēiectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēiciam dēiciās dēiciat dēiciāmus dēiciātis dēiciant
imperfect dēicerem dēicerēs dēiceret dēicerēmus dēicerētis dēicerent
perfect dēiēcerim dēiēcerīs dēiēcerit dēiēcerīmus dēiēcerītis dēiēcerint
pluperfect dēiēcissem dēiēcissēs dēiēcisset dēiēcissēmus dēiēcissētis dēiēcissent
passive present dēiciar dēiciāris,
dēiciātur dēiciāmur dēiciāminī dēiciantur
imperfect dēicerer dēicerēris,
dēicerētur dēicerēmur dēicerēminī dēicerentur
perfect dēiectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēiectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēice dēicite
future dēicitō dēicitō dēicitōte dēiciuntō
passive present dēicere dēiciminī
future dēicitor dēicitor dēiciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēicere dēiēcisse dēiectūrum esse dēicī dēiectum esse dēiectum īrī
participles dēiciēns dēiectūrus dēiectus dēiciendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dēiciendī dēiciendō dēiciendum dēiciendō dēiectum dēiectū

Derived terms



  • English: dejected
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: deitar, deitare


  • deicio”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • deicio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • deicio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fall down into the abyss: in profundum deici
    • to throw oneself from the ramparts: se deicere de muro
    • to throw some one down the Tarpeian rock: deicere aliquem de saxo Tarpeio
    • to turn one's gaze away from an object: oculos deicere, removere ab aliqua re
    • to be forced to change one's mind: de sententia deici, depelli, deterreri
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de gradu deici, ut dicitur
    • to lose hope: spe deici, depelli, deturbari
    • to dispossess a person: demovere, deicere aliquem de possessione
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem gradu movere, depellere or de gradu (statu) deicere
    • to be deposed from one's leading position: principatu deici (B. G. 7. 63)
    • to shake off the yoke of slavery: iugum servile a cervicibus deicere (Phil. 1. 2. 6)
    • to drive the enemy from his position: loco movere, depellere, deicere hostem (B. G. 7. 51)
    • to be driven out of one's course; to drift: deferri, deici aliquo