rob

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See also: Rob, ROB, røb, ròb, and rób

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) enPR: rŏb, IPA(key): /ɹɒb/
  • Rhymes: -ɒb
  • (US) enPR: räb, IPA(key): /ɹɑb/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English robben, from Anglo-Norman robber, rober, Old French rober (to rob), from Medieval Latin raubō (to rob, steal, plunder), from Frankish *raubōn (compare Dutch roven) and Old High German roubōn, raubōn (to rob, steal, plunder), from Proto-Germanic *raubōną. Doublet of reave.

Verb[edit]

rob (third-person singular simple present robs, present participle robbing, simple past and past participle robbed)

  1. (transitive) To steal from, especially using force or violence.
    He robbed three banks before he was caught.
  2. (transitive) To deprive of, or withhold from, unjustly or injuriously; to defraud.
    The best way to rob a bank is to own one.
  3. (transitive, figuratively, used with "of") To deprive (of).
    Working all day robs me of any energy to go out in the evening.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter I, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384:
      Little disappointed, then, she turned attention to "Chat of the Social World," gossip which exercised potent fascination upon the girl's intelligence. She devoured with more avidity than she had her food those pretentiously phrased chronicles of the snobocracy [] distilling therefrom an acid envy that robbed her napoleon of all its savour.
  4. (transitive, slang) To burgle.
    • 2008, National Public Radio, All Things Considered, Sept 4, 2008
      Her house was robbed.
  5. (transitive, UK, slang) To steal.
    That bloke robbed my phone!
  6. (intransitive) To commit robbery.
  7. (sports) To take possession of the ball, puck etc. from.
    • 2011 September 28, Tom Rostance, “http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/14998317.stm Arsenal 2-1 Olympiakos]”, in BBC Sport:
      Kevin Mirallas then robbed Bacary Sagna to run into the area and draw another save from Szczesny as the Gunners held on to lead at the break.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From French rob; compare Spanish rob, Italian rob, robbo, Portuguese robe, arrobe, Persian ربودن(present stem: robâ) and also similar in Arabic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob (uncountable)

  1. The inspissated juice of ripe fruit, obtained by evaporation of the juice over a fire until it reaches a syrupy consistency. It is sometimes mixed with honey or sugar.
    • 1749, [Thomas Short], “[Of the Symptoms of Fevers, and Their Cure.] 10th, Of Feverish Heat”, in A General Chronological History of the Air, Weather, Seasons, Meteors, &c. in Sundry Places and Different Times; More Particularly for the Space of 250 Years. Together with Some of Their Most Remarkable Effects on Animal (Especially Human) Bodies, and Vegetables. In Two Volumes, volume II, Printed for T[homas] Longman, in Paternoster-Row; and A[ndrew] Millar, in the Strand, OCLC 912982174, page 512–513:
      [I]nſtead of Honey, Rob of Elder, Conſerve of Roſes, or Syrup of Violets; Glyſters, Pedilavia of emollient Decoctions with Nitre; or Elder, Vinegar, or Focus's of the ſame, applied with Sponges behind the Ears, to the Armpits, Groins, Hams, &c. or with Barley-water and a little Roſe-vinegar.

Anagrams[edit]


Afar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cushitic. Cognates include Iraqw tluuw, Somali róob, Oromo rooba and Saho rob.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɾob/
  • Hyphenation: rob

Noun[edit]

rób m 

  1. rain

Declension[edit]

Declension of rób
absolutive rób
predicative róobu
subjective rób
genitive robtí
Postpositioned forms
l-case róobul
k-case róobuk
t-case róobut
h-case róobuh

References[edit]

  • Loren F. Bliese (1981) A Generative Grammar of Afar[1], Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and University of Texas at Arlington (doctoral thesis)., page 5
  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “rob”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[2], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 171

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch rob.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob (plural robbe)

  1. seal (pinniped)

Synonyms[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a South Slavic language, compare Serbo-Croatian rob, Macedonian роб (rob), Bulgarian роб (rob), ultimately derived from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (servant, slave).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob m (indefinite plural robër, definite singular robi, definite plural robërit)

  1. (historical) slave
  2. (historical) serf
  3. prisoner of war
  4. (figurative, derogatory) servant

rob m (indefinite plural rob, definite singular robi, definite plural robtë)

  1. person, family member

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Omari, Anila (2012), “rob”, in Marrëdhëniet Gjuhësore Shqiptaro-Serbe, Tirana, Albania: Krishtalina KH, page 253-254

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave). Compare Daco-Romanian rob.

Noun[edit]

rob m (plural roghi, feminine equivalent roabã)

  1. slave

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *orbъ (servant, slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ- (orphan, child slave or servant).[1]. Compare English robot and Serbo-Croatian rob.

Noun[edit]

rob m

  1. (obsolete) slave, serf
    • 1887, Josef Václav Sládek, “Z osudu rukou”, in Selské písně a české znělky[3], line 7:
      Tak všichni jsme z lidí, vládce i rob.
      So we are all of people, both a ruler and a serf.
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob f

  1. genitive plural of roba

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

rob

  1. second-person singular imperative of robit

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "rab" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 576.

Further reading[edit]

  • rob in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • rob in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain; compare English rabbit. Or, possibly related to Latvian rups (coarse, rough), referring to the whiskers. Also compared is the personal name Robbe. Has also compared to English rub, referring to seals' movements, but this is unlikely.

Noun[edit]

rob m (plural robben, diminutive robbetje n)

  1. seal, any member of the family Phocidae
    Synonym: zeehond
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: rob

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain; compare English rabbit, as well as English rub, referring to the fur. Or, from Proto-West Germanic *reufan (to tear), hinted by the animals' digging of tunnels.

Noun[edit]

rob f (plural robben, diminutive robbeken n)

  1. (Belgium) rabbit
    Synonym: konijn
Alternative forms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Javanese ꦫꦺꦴꦧ꧀ (rob, to rise), form Old Javanese rob, rwab (high tide, high water), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *Ruab, from Proto-Austronesian *Ruab. Doublet of luap.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɔp̚]
  • Hyphenation: rob

Noun[edit]

rob (first-person possessive robku, second-person possessive robmu, third-person possessive robnya)

  1. coastal flooding due to high tide.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob

  1. Alternative form of robe

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic робъ (robŭ), from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rob m (plural robi, feminine equivalent roabă)

  1. slave

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Slavic dialects, from Proto-Slavic *orbъ (slave), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare English robot and Russian рабо́та (rabóta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rȍb m (Cyrillic spelling ро̏б)

  1. slave

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • rob” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rob

  1. second-person singular imperative of robiť

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rǫbъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rọ̑b m inan

  1. border, edge
    Synonym: kónec

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rọ̑b m anim

  1. (obsolete) slave
    Synonym: súženj

Further reading[edit]

  • rob”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See arrope

Noun[edit]

rob m (plural robes)

  1. fruit syrup

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]