orb

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ORB

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French orbe, from Latin orbis (circle, orb). Compare orbit.

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. A spherical body; a globe; especially, one of the celestial spheres; a sun, planet, or star
    In the small orb of one particular tear. (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare?)
    Whether the prime orb, Incredible how swift, had thither rolled. (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
  2. One of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to be inclosed one within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in their revolutions
  3. A circle; especially, a circle, or nearly circular orbit, described by the revolution of a heavenly body; an orbit
    The schoolmen were like astronomers, which did feign eccentrics, and epicycles, and such engines of orbs. (Can we date this quote by Bacon?)
    You seem to me as Dian in her orb. (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare?)
    In orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood, Orb within orb. (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
  4. (rare) A period of time marked off by the revolution of a heavenly body.
    • 1667, Milton, John, Paradise Lost, Book V:
      Know none before us, self-begot, self-rais'd / By our own quick'ning power, when fatal course / Had circl'd his full Orbe, the birth mature / Of this our native Heav'n, Ethereal Sons.
  5. (poetic) The eye, as luminous and spherical
    A drop serene hath quenched their orbs. (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
  6. (poetic) A revolving circular body; a wheel
    The orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled. (Can we date this quote by John Milton?)
  7. (rare) A sphere of action.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wordsworth to this entry?)
    But in our orbs we'll live so round and safe. (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare?)
  8. A globus cruciger; a ceremonial sphere used to represent royal power
  9. A translucent sphere appearing in flash photography (Orb (optics))
  10. (military) A body of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defence, especially infantry to repel cavalry.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

same as mound, a ball or globe
See mound, ball, globe

Verb[edit]

orb (third-person singular simple present orbs, present participle orbing, simple past and past participle orbed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To form into an orb or circle.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lowell to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  2. (poetic, intransitive) To become round like an orb.
  3. (poetic, transitive) To encircle; to surround; to enclose.
    • Addison
      The wheels were orbed with gold.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French orb (blind), from Latin orbus (destitute).

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. (architecture) A blank window or panel.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Oxf. Gloss to this entry?)

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan (compare Occitan òrb), from Latin orbus (compare Italian orbo, Romanian orb), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan).

Adjective[edit]

orb (feminine orba, masculine plural orbs, feminine plural orbes)

  1. blind

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

orb m (uncountable)

  1. a fungal disease of wheat and other cereals

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Finnish orpo, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *orpa, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *arbha-s. Cognate with Hungarian árva.

Noun[edit]

orb (genitive orvu, partitive orbu)

  1. orphan

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orbus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare Italian orbo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orb m, n (feminine singular oarbă, masculine plural orbi, feminine and neuter plural oarbe)

  1. blind

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

orb m (plural orbi, feminine equivalent oarbă)

  1. blind man

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]