orb

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See also: ORB and òrb

English[edit]

Gateway with orbs (3)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English orbe, from Old French orbe, from Latin orbis (circle, orb). Compare orbit.

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. A spherical body; a sphere, especially one of the celestial spheres; a sun, planet, or star
  2. One of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to be enclosed one within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in their revolutions
  3. (architecture) A structural motif or finial in the shape of a sphere
  4. An orbit of an heavenly body
  5. (rare) The time period of an orbit
    • 1667, Milton, John, Paradise Lost, Book V:
      Know none before us, self-begot, self-rais'd / By our own quick'ning power, when fatal course / Had circl'd his full Orbe, the birth mature / Of this our native Heav'n, Ethereal Sons.
  6. (poetic) The eye, seen as a luminous and spherical entity
  7. (poetic) Any revolving circular body, such as a wheel
  8. (rare) A sphere of action.
  9. A globus cruciger; a ceremonial sphere used to represent royal or imperial power
  10. A translucent sphere appearing in flash photography (Orb (optics))
  11. (military) A body of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defence, especially infantry to repel cavalry.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

orb (third-person singular simple present orbs, present participle orbing, simple past and past participle orbed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To form into an orb or circle.
  2. (poetic, intransitive) To become round like an orb.
  3. (poetic, transitive) To encircle; to surround; to enclose.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French orb (blind), from Latin orbus (destitute).

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. (architecture) A blank window or panel.
    • 1845, Robert Willis, The Architectural History of Canterbury Cathedral
      small blank windows or panels, for in later times such panels were called orbs, blind windows

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orbus. Compare Romanian orb.

Adjective[edit]

orb m (feminine singular orbe, masculine plural orghi, feminine plural orbi)

  1. blind
  2. (figuratively) ignorant
  3. (figuratively) uncultivated, unrefined, uncivilized

Related terms[edit]

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Catalan orb (also spelled horp), from an ellipsis of Latin orbus (ab oculīs) (literally deprived of eyes), the first element of which derives from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare Occitan òrb, Italian orbo, Romanian orb, as well as French aveugle, which reflects the ab oculīs part of the idiom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orb (feminine orba, masculine plural orbs, feminine plural orbes)

  1. blind

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

orb m (uncountable)

  1. a fungal disease of wheat and other cereals

References[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Finnish orpo, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *orpa, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hárbʰas. Cognate with Hungarian árva.

Noun[edit]

orb (genitive orvu, partitive orbu)

  1. orphan

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orbus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare Italian orbo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orb m or n (feminine singular oarbă, masculine plural orbi, feminine and neuter plural oarbe)

  1. blind

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

orb m (plural orbi, feminine equivalent oarbă)

  1. blind man

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]