orb

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See also: ORB and òrb

English[edit]

Gateway with orbs (3)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English orbe, from Old French orbe, from Latin orbis (circle, orb). Compare orbit.

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. A spherical body; a sphere, especially one of the celestial spheres; a sun, planet, or star
  2. Celestial sphere; one of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to be enclosed one within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in their revolutions
  3. (architecture) A structural motif or finial in the shape of a sphere
  4. An orbit of an heavenly body
  5. (rare) The time period of an orbit
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book V:
      Know none before us, self-begot, self-rais'd / By our own quick'ning power, when fatal course / Had circl'd his full Orbe, the birth mature / Of this our native Heav'n, Ethereal Sons.
  6. (poetic) The eye, seen as a luminous and spherical entity
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book III”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      A drop serene hath quenched their orbs.
    • 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], “The Assignation”, in Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. [], volume III, London: Henry Colburn, [], →OCLC, page 260:
      Painfully, he forced his hot eyelids to unclose, and his distended orbs sought for some object whereon to fix; they met the patch of grass, yet red with the blood of Walter Maynard.
  7. (poetic) Any revolving circular body, such as a wheel
  8. (rare) A sphere of action.
  9. A globus cruciger; a ceremonial sphere used to represent royal or imperial power
  10. A translucent sphere appearing in flash photography (Orb (optics))
  11. (military) A body of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defence, especially infantry to repel cavalry.
  12. (astrology) Amount of deviation from the closest perfect aspect.
    • 2023 November 20, Wikipedia contributors, “Astrological aspect”, in English Wikipedia[1], Wikimedia Foundation:
      For example, if an astrologer creates a Horoscope that shows the apparent positions of the celestial bodies at the time of a person's birth (Natal Chart), and the angular distance between Mars and Venus is 92° ecliptic longitude, the chart is said to have the aspect "Venus Square Mars" with an orb of 2° (i.e., it is 2° away from being an exact Square; a Square being a 90° aspect). The more exact an aspect, the stronger or more dominant it is said to be in shaping character or manifesting change.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

orb (third-person singular simple present orbs, present participle orbing, simple past and past participle orbed)

  1. (poetic, transitive) To form into an orb or circle.
    • 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the book number)”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      Let each
      His adamantine coat gird well, and each
      Fit well his helm, gripe fast his orbed shield
    • 1842, James Russell Lowell, sonnet:
      a full-orbed sun
    • 1850, [Alfred, Lord Tennyson], In Memoriam, London: Edward Moxon, [], →OCLC, Canto XXIV, page 41:
      And is it that the haze of grief
      ⁠Hath stretch’d my former joy so great? []
      Or that the past will always win
      ⁠A glory from its being far;
      ⁠And orb into the perfect star
      We saw not, when we moved therein?
  2. (poetic, intransitive) To become round like an orb.
  3. (poetic, transitive) To encircle; to surround; to enclose.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French orb (blind), from Latin orbus (destitute).

Noun[edit]

orb (plural orbs)

  1. (architecture) A blank window or panel.
    • 1845, Robert Willis, The Architectural History of Canterbury Cathedral:
      small blank windows or panels, for in later times such panels were called orbs, blind windows

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin orbus. Compare Romanian orb.

Adjective[edit]

orb m (feminine singular orbe, masculine plural orghi, feminine plural orbi)

  1. blind
  2. (figurative) ignorant
  3. (figurative) uncultivated, unrefined, uncivilized

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Catalan orb (also spelled horp), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare Occitan òrb, Italian orbo, Romanian orb.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orb (feminine orba, masculine plural orbs, feminine plural orbes)

  1. blind
    Synonym: cec

Noun[edit]

orb m (uncountable)

  1. a fungal disease of wheat and other cereals

References[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Finnish orpo, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *orpa, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hárbʰas. Cognate with Hungarian árva.

Noun[edit]

orb (genitive orvu, partitive orbu)

  1. orphan

Declension[edit]

Declension of orb (ÕS type 22e/riik, b-v gradation)
singular plural
nominative orb orvud
accusative nom.
gen. orvu
genitive orbude
partitive orbu orbe
orbusid
illative orbu
orvusse
orbudesse
orvesse
inessive orvus orbudes
orves
elative orvust orbudest
orvest
allative orvule orbudele
orvele
adessive orvul orbudel
orvel
ablative orvult orbudelt
orvelt
translative orvuks orbudeks
orveks
terminative orvuni orbudeni
essive orvuna orbudena
abessive orvuta orbudeta
comitative orvuga orbudega

Further reading[edit]

  • M. Langemets, M. Tiits, T. Valdre, L. Veskis, Ü. Viks, P. Voll, editors (2009), “orb”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language]‎[2] (online dictionary, in Estonian), 2nd edition, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation)
  • orb in Raadik, M., editor (2018), Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamat ÕS 2018, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, →ISBN
  • orb in Sõnaveeb

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin orbus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan). Compare Italian orbo. Doublet of rob.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

orb m or n (feminine singular oarbă, masculine plural orbi, feminine and neuter plural oarbe)

  1. blind

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

orb m (plural orbi, feminine equivalent oarbă)

  1. blind man

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]