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From Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos (orphan), from *h₃erbʰ- (to change ownership). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρφανός (orphanós, orphaned), Sanskrit अर्भ (árbha, small), Old Armenian որբ (orb, orphan).



orbus (feminine orba, neuter orbum); first/second declension

  1. (with genitive, ablative or ab) bereaved, bereft, deprived (of) by death
    1. orphaned, parentless; fatherless
    2. childless
    3. widowed
  2. (in general, with genitive, ablative or ab) deprived, destitute (of)


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative orbus orba orbum orbī orbae orba
genitive orbī orbae orbī orbōrum orbārum orbōrum
dative orbō orbō orbīs
accusative orbum orbam orbum orbōs orbās orba
ablative orbō orbā orbō orbīs
vocative orbe orba orbum orbī orbae orba

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  • orbus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • orbus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • orbus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • orbus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • orbus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin