ὀρφανός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₃erbʰ-

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos ‎(orphan), from *h₃erbʰ- ‎(to change ownership). Cognate with Latin orbus ‎(orphaned), Sanskrit अर्भ ‎(árbha, small), Old Armenian որբ ‎(orb, orphan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ὀρφανός ‎(orphanósm, ὀρφανή f, ὀρφανόν n; first/second declension

  1. left orphan, without parents
  2. childless
  3. destitute, bereft
    • Κατά Ἰωάννην 14:18
      Οὐκ ἀφήσω ὑμᾶς ὀρφανούς· ἔρχομαι πρὸς ὑμᾶς.
      "I will not leave you destitute; I will come for you."

Inflection[edit]

In some writings, the adjective is declined -ός, -όν.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]