око

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

око́ (okón (related adjective о́чен)

  1. (anatomy) eye

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɔkɔ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

око (okon (plural очи, related adjective очен, diminutive окце or оче)

  1. (anatomy) eye

Declension[edit]


Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Glagolitic: ⱁⰽⱁ (oko)
  • ꙩко (oko) (with monocular o) (with ꙫчи (oči) (dual with binocular o) and ꙭчи (oči) (dual with dual monocular o))

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ȍko, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ak-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

око (okon

  1. (anatomy) eye
  2. vision, sight

Declension[edit]

The singular takes o-stem or s-stem endings, the dual takes mostly i-stem endings, and the plural takes s-stem endings. Halla-aho considers the dual forms a remnant of an original i-stem which later became an s-stem, but Derksen reconstructs the Proto-Slavic form as an o-stem instead.

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

око (okon

  1. eye

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic око (oko), from Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon inan (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чи*, genitive plural оче́й*) (* о́чи is actually an old nominative dual form for neuter nouns.)

  1. (dated or poetic or literary) eye (used in proverbs and expressions)
    Synonym: (a more common term) глаз m (glaz)
    о́чи чёрныеóči čórnyjedark eyes
    Ви́дит о́ко, да зу́б неймёт.Vídit óko, da zúb nejmjót.The eye sees (it) but the tooth cannot take it.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Rusyn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

око (oko)

  1. (anatomy) eye

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ôko/
  • Hyphenation: о‧ко

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

о̏ко n (Latin spelling ȍko)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Preposition[edit]

о̏ко (Latin spelling ȍko) (+ genitive case)

  1. around
  2. about
  3. approximately
    Заплијењено је око 45 кг.Approximately 45 kg was seized.

Ukrainian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon inan (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чі, genitive plural оче́й)

  1. eye
Usage notes[edit]

Notice that the irregular plural is an old dual form.

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish اوقه‎.

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon inan (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́ка, genitive plural ок)

  1. (archaic) oka: A unit of weight, approximately 1.2 kg.
  2. (archaic) oka: A measure for alcoholic beverages, approximately 1-1.5 liters.
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]