око

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See also: oko, òkò, ọkọ, and öko-

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

око (okón

  1. (anatomy) eye

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

око (okon (plural очи)

  1. (anatomy) eye

Declension[edit]


Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Glagolitic: ⱁⰽⱁ (oko)
  • ꙩко (oko) (with monocular o) (with ꙫчи (oči) (dual with binocular o) and ꙭчи (oči) (dual with dual monocular o))

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ȍko, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ak-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

око (okon

  1. (anatomy) eye
  2. vision, sight

Declension[edit]

The singular takes o-stem or s-stem endings, the dual takes mostly i-stem endings, and the plural takes s-stem endings. Halla-aho considers the dual forms a remnant of an original i-stem which later became an s-stem, but Derksen reconstructs the Proto-Slavic form as an o-stem instead.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cejtlin, R.M.; Večerka, R.; Blagova, E., editors (1994), “око”, in Staroslavjanskij slovarʹ (po rukopisjam X—XI vekov) [Old Church Slavonic Dictionary (Based on 10–11th Century Manuscripts)], Moscow: Russkij jazyk
  • Hauptova Z., editor (1958–1997), “око”, in Slovník jazyka staroslověnského (Lexicon linguae palaeoslovenicae), Prague: Euroslavica
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki

Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

око (okon

  1. eye

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon inan (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чи*, genitive plural оче́й*) (* о́чи is actually an old nominative dual form for neuter nouns.)

  1. (dated or poetic or literary) eye (used in proverbs and expressions)
    о́чи чёрныеóči čórnyjedark eyes
    ви́дит о́ко, да зуб неймётvídit óko, da zub nejmjót(proverb) The eye sees (it) but the tooth cannot take it.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • глаз m (glaz) (a more common term)

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ôko/
  • Hyphenation: о‧ко

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Noun[edit]

о̏ко n (Latin spelling ȍko)

  1. (anatomy) eye
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Preposition[edit]

о̏ко (Latin spelling ȍko)

  1. (with genitive) around
  2. (with genitive) about
  3. (with genitive) approximately

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *oko, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́чі)

  1. eye

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Notice that the irregular plural is an old dual form.

Noun[edit]

о́ко (ókon (genitive о́ка, nominative plural о́ка)

  1. (archaic) A unit of weight, approximately 1.2 kg.
  2. (archaic) A measure for alcoholic beverages, approximately 1-1.5 liters.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “око”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka