surgo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sub- +‎ rego.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

surgō (present infinitive surgere, perfect active surrexī, supine surrectum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I rise, get up, I arise
    • 4th c., Jerome, Canticum Canticorum
      Surge, properā, amīca mea, formōsa mea, et venī.
      Arise, hurry up, my beloved, my beautiful, and come.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of surgo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgō surgis surgit surgimus surgitis surgunt
imperfect surgēbam surgēbās surgēbat surgēbāmus surgēbātis surgēbant
future surgam surgēs surget surgēmus surgētis surgent
perfect surrexī surrexistī surrexit surreximus surrexistis surrexērunt, surrexēre
pluperfect surrexeram surrexerās surrexerat surrexerāmus surrexerātis surrexerant
future perfect surrexerō surrexeris surrexerit surrexerimus surrexeritis surrexerint
passive present surgor surgeris, surgere surgitur surgimur surgiminī surguntur
imperfect surgēbar surgēbāris, surgēbāre surgēbātur surgēbāmur surgēbāminī surgēbantur
future surgar surgēris, surgēre surgētur surgēmur surgēminī surgentur
perfect surrectus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect surrectus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect surrectus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgam surgās surgat surgāmus surgātis surgant
imperfect surgerem surgerēs surgeret surgerēmus surgerētis surgerent
perfect surrexerim surrexerīs surrexerit surrexerīmus surrexerītis surrexerint
pluperfect surrexissem surrexissēs surrexisset surrexissēmus surrexissētis surrexissent
passive present surgar surgāris, surgāre surgātur surgāmur surgāminī surgantur
imperfect surgerer surgerēris, surgerēre surgerētur surgerēmur surgerēminī surgerentur
perfect surrectus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect surrectus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surge surgite
future surgitō surgitō surgitōte surguntō
passive present surgere surgiminī
future surgitor surgitor surguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives surgere surrexisse surrectūrus esse surgī surrectus esse surrectum īrī
participles surgēns surrectūrus surrectus surgendus

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • surgo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.