surgo

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From subrigō, surrigō, from sub- (up from below) +‎ regō (lead, rule).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

surgō (present infinitive surgere, perfect active surrēxī, supine surrēctum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I rise, get up, I arise
    • 4th c., Jerome, Canticum Canticōrum
      Surge, properā, amīca mea, formōsa mea, et venī.
      Arise, hurry up, my beloved, my beautiful, and come.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of surgo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgō surgis surgit surgimus surgitis surgunt
imperfect surgēbam surgēbās surgēbat surgēbāmus surgēbātis surgēbant
future surgam surgēs surget surgēmus surgētis surgent
perfect surrēxī surrēxistī surrēxit surrēximus surrēxistis surrēxērunt, surrēxēre
pluperfect surrēxeram surrēxerās surrēxerat surrēxerāmus surrēxerātis surrēxerant
future perfect surrēxerō surrēxeris surrēxerit surrēxerimus surrēxeritis surrēxerint
passive present surgor surgeris, surgere surgitur surgimur surgiminī surguntur
imperfect surgēbar surgēbāris, surgēbāre surgēbātur surgēbāmur surgēbāminī surgēbantur
future surgar surgēris, surgēre surgētur surgēmur surgēminī surgentur
perfect surrēctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect surrēctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect surrēctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surgam surgās surgat surgāmus surgātis surgant
imperfect surgerem surgerēs surgeret surgerēmus surgerētis surgerent
perfect surrēxerim surrēxerīs surrēxerit surrēxerīmus surrēxerītis surrēxerint
pluperfect surrēxissem surrēxissēs surrēxisset surrēxissēmus surrēxissētis surrēxissent
passive present surgar surgāris, surgāre surgātur surgāmur surgāminī surgantur
imperfect surgerer surgerēris, surgerēre surgerētur surgerēmur surgerēminī surgerentur
perfect surrēctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect surrēctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present surge surgite
future surgitō surgitō surgitōte surguntō
passive present surgere surgiminī
future surgitor surgitor surguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives surgere surrēxisse surrēctūrus esse surgī surrēctus esse surrēctum īrī
participles surgēns surrēctūrus surrēctus surgendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
surgere surgendī surgendō surgendum surrēctum surrēctū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]