orior

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *orjōr, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (to stir, rise). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὄρνῡμι (órnūmi), Sanskrit ऋणोति (ṛṇóti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

orior (present infinitive orīrī, perfect active ortus sum); third conjugation iō-variant, deponent

  1. I rise, get up.
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.729-730:
      Iam tua, Lāomedōn, oritur nurus ortaque noctem pellit
      Now, Laomedon, your daughter-in-law is rising, and having risen, she dispels the night
      (That is to say, the goddess of dawn, the Greek Eos or Roman Aurora; her fabled consorts included Tithonus, son of Laomedon of Troy. See also “ortus”, the perfect active participle of the deponent verb “orior”.)
    Synonyms: coorior, exorior, oborior, surgō, ēmergō, assurgō
    Antonyms: concēdō, decēdō, cēdō, intereō, discēdō
  2. I appear, become visible.
    Synonyms: appāreō, pāreō
  3. I am born, come to exist, originate.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Part of a small group of verbs, all with a short-vowel root, displaying both 3rd and 4th conjugation forms.
  • Present active infinitive only orīrī, other 4th conjugation forms occur, particularly in manuscripts.
  • Past participle exclusively ortus, future participle exclusively oritūrus, gerund almost exclusively oriundus.

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of orior (third conjugation -variant, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present orior oreris,
orere
oritur orimur oriminī oriuntur
imperfect oriēbar oriēbāris,
oriēbāre
oriēbātur oriēbāmur oriēbāminī oriēbantur
future oriar oriēris,
oriēre
oriētur oriēmur oriēminī orientur
perfect ortus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ortus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ortus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present oriar oriāris,
oriāre
oriātur oriāmur oriāminī oriantur
imperfect orīrer,
orerer
orīrēris,
orīrēre,
orerēris,
orerēre
orīrētur,
orerētur
orīrēmur,
orerēmur
orīrēminī,
orerēminī
orīrentur,
orerentur
perfect ortus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ortus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present orere oriminī
future oritor oritor oriuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives orīrī ortum esse oritūrum esse
participles oriēns ortus oritūrus oriendus,
oriundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
oriendī oriendō oriendum oriendō ortum ortū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Romanian: urca

References[edit]

  • orior”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • orior”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • orior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the Rhine rises in the Alps: Rhenus oritur or profluit ex Alpibus
    • the sun rises, sets: sol oritur, occidit
    • to begin with a long syllable: oriri a longa (De Or. 1. 55. 236)
    • war breaks out: bellum oritur, exardescit
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 326