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See also: Born, börn, and børn


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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English born, boren, borne, iborne, from Old English boren, ġeboren, from Proto-West Germanic *boran, *gaboran, from Proto-Germanic *buranaz, past participle of Proto-Germanic *beraną (to bear, carry), equivalent to bear +‎ -en. Cognate with Saterland Frisian gebooren (born), West Frisian berne (born), Dutch geboren (born), German geboren (born), Swedish boren (born).



  1. past participle of bear; given birth to.
    Although not born in the country, she qualifies for nationality through her grandparents.
  2. (obsolete) past participle of bear in other senses.


born (not comparable)

  1. Having from birth (or as if from birth) a certain quality or character; innate; inherited.
    In the United States, information describing the operation of nuclear weapons is born secret.
    • 1701 January (indicated as 1700), [Daniel Defoe], “Part II”, in The True-Born Englishman. A Satyr, [London: s.n.], →OCLC, page 61:
      I'll make it out, deny it he that can, / His Worship is a True-born Engliſhman, / In all the Latitude that Empty Word / By Modern Acceptation's understood.
    • 1942, Storm Jameson, Then we shall hear singing: a fantasy in C major:
      I ought really to have called him my sergeant. He's a born sergeant. That's as much as to say he's a born scoundrel.
    • 1965, Frank Herbert, Dune[1] (Science Fiction), New York: Ace Books, →OCLC, page 118[2]:
      “Your desert boots are fitted slip-fashion at the ankles. Who told you to do that?”
      "It . . . seemed the right way."
      "That it most certainly is."
      And Kynes rubbed his cheek, thinking of the legend: "He shall know your ways as though born to them."
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

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Dialectal variant of burn.


born (plural borns)

  1. (Geordie) Alternative spelling of burn (a stream)


born (third-person singular simple present borns, present participle bornin, simple past and past participle bornt)

  1. (Geordie) Alternative spelling of burn (with fire etc.)

Further reading[edit]

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [3]





born f (plural bornen)

  1. (dialectal) Obsolete form of bron.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


born n

  1. indefinite plural of barn