barn

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English[edit]

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A barn (farm building) in Lithuania

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English bern, from Old English bereærn ‎(barn, granary), compound of bere ‎(barley) and ærn, ræn ‎(dwelling, barn), from Proto-Germanic *razną (compare Old High German erin, Old Norse rann), from pre-Germanic *h₁rh̥₁-s-nó-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erh₁- ‎(to rest). More at rest and barley.

Noun[edit]

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Wikipedia

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

barn ‎(plural barns)

  1. (agriculture) A building, often found on a farm, used for storage or keeping animals such as cattle.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 11, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      One day I was out in the barn and he drifted in. I was currying the horse and he set down on the wheelbarrow and begun to ask questions.
  2. (nuclear physics) A unit of surface area equal to 10-28 square metres.
  3. (informal, Canada, ice hockey) An arena.
    Maple Leaf Gardens was a grand old barn.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

barn ‎(third-person singular simple present barns, present participle barning, simple past and past participle barned)

  1. (transitive) To lay up in a barn.
    • Shakespeare
      Men [] often barn up the chaff, and burn up the grain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fuller to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Middle English barn, bern, from Old English bearn ‎(child, son, offspring, prodigy) and Old Norse barn ‎(child). More at bairn.

Noun[edit]

barn ‎(plural barns)

  1. (dialect, parts of Northern England) A child.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Cornish barna.

Verb[edit]

barn

  1. (transitive) to judge

Conjugation[edit]

Personal forms
Indicative Conditional Imperative
Present Imperfect Preterite Future Present Imperfect
1s barnan barnen barnis barnin barnfen barnjen -
2s barnez barnes barnjout barni barnfes barnjes barn
3s barn barne barnas barno barnfe barnje barnet
1p barnomp barnemp barnjomp barnimp barnfemp barnjemp barnomp
2p barnit barnec'h barnjoc'h barnot barnfec'h barnjec'h barnit
3p barnont barnent barnjont barnint barnfent barnjent barnent
0 barner barned barnjod barnor barnfed barnjed -
Impersonal forms Mutated forms
Infinitive: barn
Present participle: o varn
Past particple: barnet (auxiliary verb: kaout)
Soft mutation after a: a varn-
Mixed mutation after e: e varn-
Soft mutation after ne/na: ne/na varn-

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Danish barn, from Old Norse barn ‎(child), from Proto-Germanic *barną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /barn/, [b̥ɑːˀn]

Noun[edit]

barn n (singular definite barnet, plural indefinite børn)

  1. child

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds: barn-, barne-, barns-, børne- or -barn (-barnet, -børn, -børnene).

Related terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn, from Proto-Germanic *barną, the passive participle of *beraną; cognate with Latvian bērns ‎(child), Lithuanian bérnas ‎(servant); from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barn n (genitive singular barns, plural børn)

  1. child

Declension[edit]

n5 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barn barnið børn børnini
Accusative barn barnið børn børnini
Dative barni barninum børnum børnunum
Genitive barns barnsins barna barnanna

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

barn m ‎(plural barns)

  1. (physics) barn (unit)

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

barn

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌽

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn, from Proto-Germanic *barną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barn n ‎(genitive singular barns, nominative plural börn)

  1. a child

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

barn n ‎(definite singular barnet, indefinite plural barn, definite plural barna or barnene)

  1. a child

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn.

Noun[edit]

barn n ‎(definite singular barnet, indefinite plural barn or born, definite plural barna or borna)

  1. a child

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Old Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn, from Proto-Germanic *barną.

Noun[edit]

barn n ‎(genitive barns, plural børn)

  1. child

Descendants[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Proto-Germanic *barną, the passive participle of *beraną; cognate with Latvian bērns ‎(child), Lithuanian bérnas ‎(servant); from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Noun[edit]

barn n (genitive barns, plural bǫrn)

  1. child

Declension[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Proto-Germanic *barną, whence also Old English barn, Old High German barn, Swedish barn.

Noun[edit]

barn n

  1. child

Declension[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Norse barn, from Proto-Germanic *barną.

Noun[edit]

barn n

  1. child

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

barn m inan

  1. barn (unit)

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • barn in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*bʰer-

From Old Swedish barn ‎(child), from Old Norse barn ‎(child), from Proto-Germanic *barną. Cognate with Danish, Icelandic, Old Saxon, Old High German barn. Cognate with Latvian bērns ‎(child), Lithuanian bérnas ‎(worker) and bernẽlis ‎(lad), a kind of participle to bära ‎(to bear, to carry, as in childbirth).

Noun[edit]

barn n

  1. a child (a young person)
  2. (someone's) child, offspring (a son or daughter)
  3. a descendant (e.g. children of Abraham)
  4. a follower (e.g. God's children)
  5. (someone's) creation, invention
  6. (uncountable) barn; a unit of area in nuclear physics

Declension[edit]

Inflection of barn 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative barn barnet barn barnen
Genitive barns barnets barns barnens

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

barn f (plural barnau)

  1. opinion, view

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
barn farn marn unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.