bran

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See also: Bran, braň, brán, brân, and brån

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bran, branne, bren, from Old French bren, bran (bran, filth), from Gaulish brennos (rotten), from Proto-Celtic *bragnos (rotten, foul) (compare Welsh braen (stench), Irish bréan (rancid), Walloon brin (excrement)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreHg- (compare Latin fragrāre (to smell strongly), Dutch brak (hound)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran (countable and uncountable, plural brans)

  1. The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.
  2. (ornithology) The European carrion crow.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural brini)

  1. crow, raven

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan brand, from Vulgar Latin *brandus, from Frankish *brand.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural brans)

  1. broadsword

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural brini or briny)

  1. crow

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran f

  1. genitive plural of brána

Noun[edit]

bran f

  1. genitive plural of brány

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bran, from Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. (literary) raven
    Synonym: fiach
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • branán m (raven; a principal piece in ancient board-game set; prince)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. bream (Abramis brama)
    Synonyms: bréan, deargán
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular bran)

  1. Clipping of bran (mór) (bran).
  2. Clipping of bran beag (pollard).
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From English bran.

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular bran)

  1. bran
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bran bhran mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (oblique plural brans, nominative singular brans, nominative plural bran)

  1. Alternative form of branc

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (raven), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)

  1. raven
    Synonyms: fiach, trogan

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bran branL brainL
Vocative brain branL branuH
Accusative branN branL branuH
Genitive brainL bran branN
Dative branL branaib branaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: bran

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bran bran
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bornь. Cognate with Polish broń.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brȃn f

  1. defense

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. brán
gen. sing. braní
singular dual plural
nominative brán braní braní
accusative brán braní braní
genitive braní braní braní
dative bráni branéma braném
locative bráni branéh branéh
instrumental branjó branéma branmí

Further reading[edit]

  • bran”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bran.

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural {{{2}}})

  1. bran (broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain), husks

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bran fran mran unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “bran”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies