bran

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See also: Bran and brân

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Old French bren, bran (bran, filth), from Gaulish brennos (rotten), from Proto-Celtic *bragnos (rotten, foul) (compare Welsh braen (stench), Irish bréan (rancid), Walloon brin (excrement)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreHg- (compare Latin fragrāre (to smell strongly), Dutch brak (hound)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran (countable and uncountable, plural brans)

  1. The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.
  2. (ornithology) The European carrion crow.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural brini)

  1. crow, raven

Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural brini or briny)

  1. crow

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bran, from Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. (literary) raven
    Synonym: fiach
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • branán m (raven; a principal piece in ancient board-game set; prince)

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. bream (Abramis brama)
    Synonyms: bréan, deargán
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive singular bran)

  1. Clipping of bran (mór) (bran).
  2. Clipping of bran beag (pollard).
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bran bhran mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "bran" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bran (‘raven’)” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “bran” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “bran” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (oblique plural brans, nominative singular brans, nominative plural bran)

  1. Alternative form of branc

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (raven), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)

  1. raven
    Synonyms: fiach, trogan

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bran bran
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 bran” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bornь. Cognate with Polish broń.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brán f (genitive braní, nominative plural braní)

  1. defense

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bran.

Noun[edit]

bran m (plural {{{2}}})

  1. bran (broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain), husks

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bran fran mran unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • bran”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 2014