- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /kɹəʊ/
- (US) enPR: krō, IPA(key): /kɹoʊ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊ
From Middle English crowe, from Old English crāwe, from Proto-West Germanic *krāā, from Proto-Germanic *krēǭ (compare West Frisian krie, Dutch kraai, German Krähe), from *krēaną (“to crow”). See below.
crow (plural crows)
- A bird, usually black, of the genus Corvus, having a strong conical beak, with projecting bristles; it has a harsh, croaking call.
- 1922, E.R. Eddison, The Worm Ouroborus:
- Gaslark in his splendour on the golden stairs saying adieu to those three captains and their matchless armament foredoomed to dogs and crows on Salapanta Hills.
- Any of various dark-coloured nymphalid butterflies of the genus Euploea.
- A bar of iron with a beak, crook or claw; a bar of iron used as a lever; a crowbar.
- Synonym: crowbar
- 1796, Matthew Lewis, The Monk, Folio Society, published 1985, page 267:
- He approached the humble tomb in which Antonia reposed. He had provided himself with an iron crow and a pick-axe: but this precaution was unnecessary.
- (historical) A gangplank (corvus) used by the Ancient Roman navy to board enemy ships.
- (among butchers) The mesentery of an animal.
- (derogatory) An ill-tempered and obstinate woman, or one who otherwise has features resembling the bird; a harpy.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:shrew
- 1899, George Horton, A Fair Brigand, H.S. Stone, page 242:
- But it helps a man along to have a wife he can be proud of. Suppose you marry some old crow. People point at her and ask, 'Who is that death's head yonder?'
- 1970, Paul J. Smith, 0:13 from the start, in Woody Woodpecker: "Seal on the Loose", spoken by Woody Woodpecker (Grace Stafford):
- (Mrs. Meany to Woody, from a window) "I don't care! I'm not running a pet shop."
"Well it looks like one with an old crow in the window!"
- (ethnic slur, offensive, slang) A black person.
- (military, slang) The emblem of an eagle, a sign of military rank.
- 2002, Ed Goodrich, Riggers that Dive, page 46:
- A young petty officer that must have just received his “crow” (a single chevron, with an eagle over it) was showing off to several seamen.
- 2003, Jonathan T. Malay, Seraphim Sky, page 106:
- The young man had been threatened with loss of his third class rank, his “crow,” the eagle in a petty officer's sleeve insignia.
- American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
- as the crow flies
- Australian crow (Corvus orru)
- Banggai crow (Corvus unicolor)
- bare-faced crow (Corvus tristis)
- Bismarck crow (Corvus insularis)
- black crow (Corvus capensis)
- Bougainville crow (Corvus meeki)
- brown-headed crow (Corvus fuscicapillus)
- Cape crow (Corvus capensis)
- carrion crow (Corvus corone)
- collared crow (Corvus torquatus)
- crow's foot ("facial wrinkle")
- crow pheasant
- crow scarer
- crow to pick
- crow to pluck
- crow to pull
- Cuban crow (Corvus nasicus)
- Danish crow (Corvus cornix)
- dun crow
- eat boiled crow
- eat crow
- Eurasian crow (Corvus corone)
- fish crow (Corvus ossifragus)
- Flores crow (Corvus florensis)
- grey crow (Corvus tristis)
- Hawaiian crow (Corvus hawaiiensis, Corvus tropicus)
- high-billed crow (†Corvus impluviatus)
- holy crow
- hooded crow (Corvus cornix)
- hoodiecrow (Corvus cornix)
- house crow (Corvus splendens)
- Jamaican crow (Corvus jamaicensis)
- John crow
- jungle crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)
- king crow
- large-billed crow (Corvus macrorhynchos macrorhynchus)
- little crow (Corvus bennetti)
- long-billed crow (Corvus validus)
- Mariana crow (Corvus kubaryi)
- Mesopotamian crow (Corvus cornix capellanus)
- New Caledonian crow (Corvus moneduloides)
- †New Ireland crow
- northwestern crow (Corvus caurinus)
- Pagenstecher's crow
- palm crow (Corvus palmarum)
- pied crow (Corvus albus)
- piping crow (Corvus typicus)
- Puerto Rican crow (Corvus pumilis)
- rain crow
- robust crow (Corvus viriosus)
- Royston crow
- Salomon Islands crow (Corvus meeki, Corvus woodfordi)
- Scotch crow (Corvus cornix)
- sea crow
- Sinaloan crow (Corvus sinaloae)
- slender-billed crow (Corvus enca)
- small brown crow (Euploea darchia) (butterfly)
- Somali crow (Corvus edithae)
- stone the crows
- Tamaulipas crow (Corvus imparatus)
- Torresian crow (Corvus orru)
- violaceous crow (Corvus enca violaceus)
- water crow
- white-billed crow (Corvus woodfordi)
- white-necked crow (Corvus leucognaphalus)
The verb is from Middle English crowen, from Old English crāwan (past tense crēow, past participle crāwen), from Proto-West Germanic *krāan, from Proto-Germanic *krēaną, from imitative Proto-Indo-European *gerH- (“to cry hoarsely”).
- (intransitive) To make the shrill sound characteristic of a rooster; to make a sound in this manner, either in gaiety, joy, pleasure, or defiance.
- c. 1599–1602 (date written), William Shake-speare, The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke: […] (First Quarto), London: […] [Valentine Simmes] for N[icholas] L[ing] and Iohn Trundell, published 1603, →OCLC, [Act I, scene ii]:
- Yet once me thought it [the ghost of Hamlet's father] was about to ſpeake, / And lifted vp his head to motion, / Like as he would ſpeake, but euen the / The morning cocke crew lowd, and in all haſte / It ſhrunke in haſte away, and vaniſhed / Our ſight.
- 1784, The House that Jack Built, page 8:
- This is the Cock that crowed in the Morn[.]
- (intransitive) To shout in exultation or defiance; to brag.
- He’s been crowing all day about winning the game of cards.
- 2017 September 27, Julianne Tveten, “Zucktown, USA”, in The Baffler:
- Touting its sponsorship of local engineering and sustainability programs, Amazon crows about such “investments” as its dog park, playing fields, art installations, and Buckyball-reminiscent domical gardens.
- (intransitive, music) To test the reed of a double reed instrument by placing the reed alone in the mouth and blowing it.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
crow (plural crows)
- The cry of the bird known in the US as a rooster and in British English as a cockerel.
- Synonym: cock-a-doodle-doo
- ^ “crow”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
- ^ James A. H. Murray [et al.], editors (1884–1928), “Crow (krōu), sb.2”, in A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (Oxford English Dictionary), volume II (C), London: Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 1206, column 3: “f. Crow v.”
- ^ “crou, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007: “From crouen .”
- Alternative form of