vārna

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See also: varna, Varna, värna, and vārnā

Latvian[edit]

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 Vārna on Latvian Wikipedia

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Vārna

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *varna (where the intonation later caused lengthening: ar̄ > āːr), from Proto-Baltic *war- with an extra -nā, from Proto-Indo-European *war-, *wer- ‎(to burn; to be black). A parallel masculine counterpart must have existed, from Proto-Baltic *war-no-, *war-nyo-; cf. Lithuanian var̃nas, Old Prussian warnis, Russian ворон ‎(vóron) (< Proto-Slavic *vronъ). In Latvian, a masculine form vārnis is attested only in folk tales. Cognates include Lithuanian várna, Old Prussian warne, Proto-Slavic *vorna (Old Church Slavonic врана ‎(vrana), Russian, Ukrainian ворона ‎(voróna), Belarusian варона ‎(varóna), Bulgarian врана ‎(vrána), Czech vrána, Polish wrona), Tocharian B wrauña.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vārna f (4th declension)

  1. crow (several species of passerine birds of genus Corvus, esp. Corvus corone and Corvus cornix, with black or grayish black feathers)
    pelēkā, melnā vārna — gray, black crow
    vārnu ligzdacrow's nest
    vārnu olascrow's eggs
    kailajos zaros sakliegdamies nometās uz naktsguļu vārnu bariņš — on the naked branches, a small group of cawing crows came down to sleep

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vārna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7