vārna

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See also: varna, Varna, värna, and vārnā

Latvian[edit]

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 Vārna on Latvian Wikipedia

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Vārna

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *varna (where the intonation later caused lengthening: ar̄ > āːr), from Proto-Baltic *war- with an extra -nā, from Proto-Indo-European *war-, *wer- (to burn; to be black). A parallel masculine counterpart must have existed, from Proto-Baltic *war-no-, *war-nyo-; cf. Lithuanian var̃nas, Old Prussian warnis, Russian ворон (vóron) (< Proto-Slavic *vronъ). In Latvian, a masculine form vārnis is attested only in folk tales. Cognates include Lithuanian várna, Old Prussian warne, Proto-Slavic *vorna (Old Church Slavonic врана (vrana), Russian, Ukrainian ворона (voróna), Belarusian варона (varóna), Bulgarian врана (vrána), Czech vrána, Polish wrona), Tocharian B wrauña.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vārna f (4th declension)

  1. crow (several species of passerine birds of genus Corvus, esp. Corvus corone and Corvus cornix, with black or grayish black feathers)
    pelēkā, melnā vārna — gray, black crow
    vārnu ligzdacrow's nest
    vārnu olascrow's eggs
    kailajos zaros sakliegdamies nometās uz naktsguļu vārnu bariņš — on the naked branches, a small group of cawing crows came down to sleep

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vārna” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.