vārna

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See also: varna, Varna, várná, várna, vārnā, and värna

Latvian[edit]

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 vārna on Latvian Wikipedia
Vārna

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *varna (where the intonation later caused lengthening: ar̄ > āːr), from Proto-Baltic *war- with an extra -nā, from Proto-Indo-European *war-, *wer- (to burn; to be black). A parallel masculine counterpart must have existed, from Proto-Baltic *war-no-, *war-nyo-; cf. Lithuanian var̃nas, Old Prussian warnis, Russian ворон (vóron) (< Proto-Slavic *vronъ). In Latvian, a masculine form vārnis is attested only in folk tales. Cognates include Lithuanian várna, Old Prussian warne, Proto-Slavic *vorna (Old Church Slavonic врана (vrana), Russian, Ukrainian ворона (voróna), Belarusian варона (varóna), Bulgarian врана (vrána), Czech vrána, Polish wrona), Tocharian B wrauña.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vārna f (4th declension)

  1. crow (several species of passerine birds of genus Corvus, esp. Corvus corone and Corvus cornix, with black or grayish black feathers)
    pelēkā, melnā vārnagray, black crow
    vārnu ligzdacrow's nest
    vārnu olascrow's eggs
    kailajos zaros sakliegdamies nometās uz naktsguļu vārnu bariņšon the naked branches, a small group of cawing crows came down to sleep

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vārna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7