vārna

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See also: varna, Varna, várná, várna, vārnā, and värna

Latvian[edit]

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 vārna on Latvian Wikipedia
Vārna

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *varna (where the intonation later caused lengthening: ar̄ > āːr), from Proto-Baltic *war- with an extra -nā, from Proto-Indo-European *war-, *wer-(to burn; to be black). A parallel masculine counterpart must have existed, from Proto-Baltic *war-no-, *war-nyo-; cf. Lithuanian var̃nas, Old Prussian warnis, Russian ворон(vóron) (< Proto-Slavic *vronъ). In Latvian, a masculine form vārnis is attested only in folk tales. Cognates include Lithuanian várna, Old Prussian warne, Proto-Slavic *vorna (Old Church Slavonic врана(vrana), Russian, Ukrainian ворона(voróna), Belarusian варона(varóna), Bulgarian врана(vrána), Czech vrána, Polish wrona), Tocharian B wrauña.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vārna f (4th declension)

  1. crow (several species of passerine birds of genus Corvus, esp. Corvus corone and Corvus cornix, with black or grayish black feathers)
    pelēkā, melnā vārna‎ ― gray, black crow
    vārnu ligzda‎ ― crow's nest
    vārnu olas‎ ― crow's eggs
    kailajos zaros sakliegdamies nometās uz naktsguļu vārnu bariņš‎ ― on the naked branches, a small group of cawing crows came down to sleep

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vārna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7