Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wer-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*wer-

  1. to burn

Derived terms[edit]


  • *wōr-
  • *wr̥-
    • Slavic: *vьrěti (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (urāni, burns)[1]
      • Hittite: 𒉿𒊏 (wa-ar, to burn)
        • → Old Armenian: վառեմ (vaṙem) (possibly)
    • Balto-Slavic:

Root[edit]

*wer-[2][3]

  1. to heed, notice

Derived terms[edit]


  • *wer-eh₁-(ye)-ti (stative)
  • *wor-o-s
    • Germanic: *waraz (cautious) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Germanic: *warduz (guard, keeper) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *warnōną (warn) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *warnijaną (worry, care, heed)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ὁράω (horáō, see)
      • Ancient Greek: ὁρατός (horatós, visible)
      • Ancient Greek: ὅρασις (hórasis, seeing, vision)
      • Ancient Greek: ὅραμα (hórama, sight, spectacle)
      • Ancient Greek: ?οὖρος (oûros, watcher, guardian)
      • Ancient Greek: ?ὤρα (ṓra, care, concern)

Root[edit]

*wer-

  1. squirrel

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*vьrěti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 537
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vereor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 665
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • Watkins, Calvert. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. 1969.