English [ edit ]
The crown of King Christian IV of Denmark
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle English , coroune , croune , from crowne Anglo-Norman , coroune , curune (French corone ), from couronne Latin corōna ( “ garland, crown, wreath ” ), from Ancient Greek κορώνη ( korṓnē ). Doublet of , corona , koruna krone , and . Displaced krona Middle English , beigh , from
biȝ Old English bēag ( “ crown, garland, necklace ” ).
( paper size ) : So called because originally watermarked with a crown.
Pronunciation [ edit ]
crown ( plural )
royal, imperial or princely headdress; a diadem.
Synonyms: , coronet diadem A
wreath or band for the head, especially one given as reward of victory or a mark of honor.
Synonyms: , garland wreath
( by extension ) Any reward of victory or mark of honor.
Synonyms: , award , garland , honor , prize wreath the martyr’s crown Imperial or regal power, or those who wield it.
Synonyms: , monarchy royalty
( metonymically ) The sovereign (in a monarchy), as head of state.
( by extension , especially in law ) The state, the government (headed by a monarch).
Treasure recovered from shipwrecks automatically becomes property of the Crown. 1849, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter X, in , volume I, London: The History of England from the Accession of James II Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, , OCLC 1069526323 page 597: Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown; and only forty thousand pounds remained in the Exchequer. The top part of something:
The topmost part of the
Synonyms: , apex top
1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “ The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene i], OCLC 606515358 page 16, column 1: [...]if he awake, From toe to crowne hee'l fill our skin with pinches, Make vs ſtrange ſtuffe. 1678, John Bunyan, “ The Author’s Apology for His Book”, in , London: The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That which is to Come: [ … ] [ … ] Nath[aniel] Ponder [ … ] , ; reprinted in OCLC 228725984 The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, [ … ] , 1928, : OCLC 5190338 In more than twenty things, which I ſet down; This done, I twenty more had in my Crown, And they again began to multiply, Like ſparks that from the coals of fire do fly. The highest part of a hill.
Synonyms: , apex , peak , summit top Antonyms: , base , bottom foot 1697, “The Sixth Book of the Æneis”, in Virgil; John Dryden, transl., The Works of , London: Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [ … ] [ … ] Jacob Tonson, [ … ] , , lines 267–268, OCLC 403869432 page 370: Huge Trunks of Trees, fell'd from the ſteepy Crown Of the bare Mountains, rowl with Ruin down. The top section of a
hat, above the brim. The raised centre of a road.
1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
Watt was beginning to tire of running his eyes up and down this highway, when a figure, human apparently, advancing along its crown, arrested, and revived, his attention. The highest part of an arch.
1941 February, “Bridge demolition by lifting”, in Railway Magazine, page 74: The arch failed first at the crown, then at the quarterings, and finally at the springings. The upper range of
facets in a rose diamond. The
dome of a furnace. The upper part of certain fruits, as the pineapple or strawberry, that is removed before eating.
( architecture ) A kind of spire or lantern formed by converging flying buttresses. Splendor; culmination; acme.
Synonyms: , completion , culmination , finish splendor 1667, John Milton, “ Book IV”, in , London: Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books [ … ] [ Samuel Simmons], [ … ] , ; republished as OCLC 228722708 Paradise Lost in Ten Books:, London: Basil Montagu Pickering [ … ] [ … ] , 1873, , lines 727–729: OCLC 230729554 [...] happie in our mutual help And mutual love, the Crown of all our bliſs Ordain'd by thee, [...] Any currency (originally) issued by the crown (regal power) and often bearing a crown (headdress);
( translation ) various currencies known by similar names in their native languages, such as the koruna, kruna, krone, korona.
( historical ) A former pre-decimalization British coin worth five shillings.
Synonyms: , caser , tusheroon , tush , tosheroon , tosh , bull , caroon , thick-un , coachwheel cartwheel 1859, J.C. Hotten, :
A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words is known as an Half-a-crown , alderman half a , bull half a , and a tusheroon ; madza caroon whilst a piece, or crown five , may be called either a shillings , or a bull , or a caroon , or a cartwheel , or a coachwheel , or a thick-un . tusheroon
( botany ) The part of a plant where the root and stem meet.
( forestry ) The top of a tree.
( anatomy ) The part of a tooth above the gums.
( dentistry ) A prosthetic covering for a tooth.
Synonyms: , dental crown dental cap
( nautical ) A knot formed in the end of a rope by tucking in the strands to prevent them from unravelling
( nautical ) The part of an anchor where the arms and the shank meet
( nautical ) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.
( nautical , in the plural ) The bights formed by the turns of a cable.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
( paper ) In England, a standard size of printing paper measuring 20 × 15 inches.
( paper ) In American, a standard size of writing paper measuring 19 × 15 inches.
( chemistry ) A monocyclic ligand having three or more binding sites, capable of holding a guest in a central location
( medicine ) During childbirth, the appearance of the baby's head from the mother's vagina
2007, David Schottke, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, First Responder: Your First Response in Emergency Care, page 385
You will see the baby's head crowning during contractions, at which time you must prepare to assist the mother in the delivery of the baby.
( firearms ) A rounding or smoothing of the barrel opening
( geometry ) The area enclosed between two concentric perimeters.
( religion ) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure. A whole
bird with the legs and wings removed to produce a joint of white meat.
( African-American Vernacular , colloquial ) A formal hat worn by women to Sunday church services; a .
church crown 2013, Adam Boulton, Tony's Ten Years: Memories of the Blair Administration :  "His [Barack Obama's] unofficial slogan 'fired up and ready to go!' was borrowed from an 'old lady in a church crown [Sunday best hat]." The knurled knob or dial, on the outside of a watch case, used to wind it or adjust the hands.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Descendants [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
kurorë (sq) , f kunorë f ( Gheg ) Amharic:
ዘውድ ( zäwd ) Apache:
Western Apache: nantʼaʼ chʼah Arabic:
تَاج (ar) m ( tāj )
Egyptian Arabic: تاج m ( tāg ) Armenian:
թագ (hy) ( tʿag ) Aromanian:
cãrunã , f curunã f Azerbaijani:
tac (az) Baluchi:
تاج ( táj ) Bashkir:
таж ( taž ) Basque:
каро́на f ( karóna ) Bengali:
তাজ ( taj ), মুকুট ( mukuṭ ) Breton:
kurunenn (br) f Bulgarian:
коро́на (bg) f ( koróna ) Burmese:
သရဖူ (my) ( sa.ra.hpu ), မကိုဋ် (my) ( ma.kuit ) Catalan:
corona (ca) f Cebuano:
, korona purongpurong Chamicuro:
ᎠᎵᏍᏚᎶ ( alisdulo ) Chinese:
Mandarin: 王冠 (zh) ( wángguān ), 冠 (zh) ( guān ) Coptic:
ⲕⲗⲟⲙ ( klom ) Corsican:
curona f Czech:
koruna (cs) f Danish:
krone (da) c Dutch:
kroon (nl) f Egyptian: (
ḫꜥw ) m Erzya:
каштаз ( kaštaz ), сырнепря ( syrneprja ) Esperanto:
krono (eo) Estonian:
kroon (et) Finnish:
kruunu (fi) French:
couronne (fr) f Friulian:
corone f Galician:
coroa f Georgian:
გვირგვინი ( gvirgvini ) German:
Krone (de) f Gothic:
𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍀𐍃 m ( waips ) Greek:
κορώνα (el) f ( koróna )
Ancient Greek: στέφανος m ( stéphanos ) Gujarati:
તાજ ( tāj ) Hebrew:
כֶּתֶר (he) m ( kéter ) Hindi:
ताज (hi) m ( tāj ), मुकुट (hi) m ( mukuṭ ) Hungarian:
korona (hu) Icelandic:
kóróna (is) f Ido:
krono (io) Indonesian:
mahkota (id) Interlingua:
coróin f Italian:
corona (it) f Japanese:
王冠 (ja) ( おうかん, ōkan ), かぶり ( kaburi ), クラウン ( kuraun ) Kazakh:
тәж ( täj ) Khmer:
មកុដ (km) ( mĕəʼkot ) Korean:
왕관(王冠) (ko) ( wanggwan ) Kurdish:
تاج (ku) ( tac ) Northern Kurdish: tac (ku) f Kyrgyz:
таажы (ky) ( taajı ) Lao:
ພະມາລາ ( pha mā lā ), ມາລາ ( mā lā ), ມຸງກຸດ ( mung kut ) Latgalian:
krūņs Latin: corona f
kronis m Lezgi:
таж ( taž ) Lithuanian:
karūna f Luxembourgish:
Kroun f Macedonian:
круна f ( kruna ) Malay:
mahkota ( monarchy ) Malayalam:
കിരീടം (ml) ( kirīṭaṃ ) Manx:
karauna Middle English:
титэм (mn) ( titem ) Norman:
couorône f North Frisian:
krööne Northern Altai:
тид ( tid ) Norwegian:
krone (no) c Occitan:
f Old Occitan: corona Old English:
cynehelm , m wuldorbēag m Old Portuguese:
тахъа ( taqa ) Pali:
تاج (ps) m ( tāǰ ) Persian:
تاج (fa) ( tâj ), افسر (fa) ( afsar ) Plautdietsch:
Kroon f Polish:
korona (pl) f Portuguese:
coroa (pt) f Romanian:
coroană (ro) , f cunună (ro) f Romansch:
curuna , f cruna , f crùna , f carugna f Russian:
коро́на (ru) f ( koróna ), вене́ц (ru) m ( venéc ) Sanskrit:
मुकुट (sa) m ( mukuṭa ) Sardinian:
corona , f curona f Saterland Frisian:
Kroune Scottish Gaelic:
crùn m Serbo-Croatian:
кру̏на f Roman: krȕna (sh) f Shan:
သရၽူႇ (shn) ( sǎ rǎ phùu ) Sicilian:
curuna f Slovak:
koruna f Slovene:
krọ̑na (sl) f Sorbian:
krona f Upper Sorbian: króna f Southern Altai:
таајы ( taaǰï ), крун ( krun ) Spanish:
corona (es) f Swahili:
taji , (sw) kirauni (sw) Swedish:
krona (sv) c Tagalog:
korona , (tl) putong (tl) Tajik:
тоҷ ( toj ) Tamil:
கிரீடம் (ta) ( kirīṭam ), முடி (ta) ( muṭi ), மகுடம் (ta) ( makuṭam ) Telugu:
కిరీటము (te) ( kirīṭamu ) Thai:
มงกุฎ (th) ( mong-gùt ), มกุฎ (th) ( má-gùt ) Tigrinya:
ዘውዲ ( zäwdi ) Turkish:
taç (tr) Turkmen:
коро́на (uk) f ( koróna ) Urdu:
تاج m ( tāj ), مکٹ m ( mukuṭ ) Uyghur:
تاج ( taj ) Uzbek:
toj (uz) Vietnamese:
mũ miện Volapük:
kron (vo) Welsh:
coron (cy) , f coronau (cy) f pl West Frisian:
kroan c Yiddish:
קרוין f ( kroyn ), עטרה f ( atore ), כּתר m ( keser ) Yoruba:
adé Zulu: umqhele (zu) 3 or 4
representation of such a headdress
wreath or band for the head
topmost part of the head
კოტულა ( ḳoṭula ) Macedonian:
те́ме n ( téme ) Maori:
tumuaki Middle English:
, coroune molde Nanai:
, atsiitʼáád atsiitʼáá Norwegian:
isse m Old English:
hnoll , m sċēada m Persian:
تارک (fa) ( târak ), هباک (fa) ( habâk ) Polish:
ciemię n Portuguese:
topo (pt) , m alta (pt) , f moleira (pt) f Romanian:
creștet (ro) , n sinciput (ro) n Russian:
те́мя (ru) n ( témja ), маку́шка (ru) f ( makúška ) ( colloquial ), ма́ковка (ru) f ( mákovka ) ( colloquial ) Scottish Gaelic:
mullach , m bàrr a' chinn , m crùn m Serbo-Croatian:
теме n Roman: teme (sh) n Slovak:
teme n Spanish:
coronilla f Swedish:
hjässa (sv) c Tocharian B:
𐎖𐎄𐎖𐎄 ( qdqd ) Ukrainian:
ті́м'я n ( tímʺja ), ма́ківка f ( mákivka ) Vietnamese:
thóp , (vi) đỉnh (vi) Zulu: ukhakhayi 11 or 10
splendor, culmination, acme
any currency issued by the crown
former British coin worth five shillings
part of a plant where the root and stem meet
dentistry: prosthetic covering for a tooth
nautical: knot formed in the end of a rope
nautical: rounding of the deck
nautical: bights formed by the turns of a cable
paper: standard size of printing paper
chemistry: monocyclic ligand having three or more binding sites
medical: appearance of the baby's head from the mother's vagina
firearms: rounding or smoothing of the barrel opening
upper range of facets in a rose diamond
geometry: area enclosed between two concentric perimeters
religion: round spot shaved clean on the top of the head
— see tonsure
whole bird with the legs and wings removed
formal hat worn by women to Sunday church services
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
Adjective [ edit ]
crown ( not )
Of, related to, or pertaining to a crown.
crown prince Of, related to, pertaining to the top of a tree or trees.
a crown fire
Translations [ edit ]
crown ( third-person singular simple present , crowns present participle , crowning simple past and past participle )
To place a crown on the head of.
To formally declare (someone) a
king, queen, emperor, etc.
To bestow something upon as a mark of honour, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.
1812, Lord Byron, , London: Printed for Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. A Romaunt John Murray, [ … ] ; William Blackwood, Edinburgh; and John Cumming, Dublin; by Thomas Davison, [ … ] , , canto II, stanza XLIX: OCLC 22697011 the grove that crowns yon tufted hill 1856, John Lothrop Motley, The Rise of the Dutch Republic
To crown the whole, came a proposition. To
declare (someone) a winner.
2011 October 23, Tom Fordyce, “2011 Rugby World Cup final: New Zealand 8-7 France”, in BBC Sport :  New Zealand were crowned world champions for the first time in 24 years after squeezing past an inspired France team by a single point.
( medicine ) Of a baby, during the birthing process; for the surface of the baby's head to appear in the vaginal opening.
The mother was in the second stage of labor and the fetus had just crowned, prompting a round of encouragement from the midwives. 2010 Scott Gallagher Dancing Upon the Shore pg 157
He's crowning . . . His head's coming through
( transitive ) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, such as the face of a machine pulley. To hit on the head.
1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, in The China Governess :  ‘[…] I remember a lady coming to inspect St. Mary's Home where I was brought up and seeing us all in our lovely Elizabethan uniforms we were so proud of, and bursting into tears all over us because “it was wicked to dress us like charity children”. We nearly crowned her we were so offended. She saw us but she didn't know us, did she?’.
( video games ) To shoot an opponent in the back of the head with a shotgun in a first-person shooter video game.
( board games ) In checkers, to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king.
“ Crown me!” I said, as I moved my checker to the back row.
( firearms ) To widen the opening of the barrel.
( military ) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.
( nautical ) To lay the ends of the strands of (a knot) over and under each other. ( slang ) being about to take a poop (usually trying to hold it in, derived from obstetric use: metaphor of "giving birth" to solid poo)
Synonym: grow a tail 2020, Eddy Keymolen, amerikanischen Umgangssprache page 148
Where's the bathroom, I'm crowning here!
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to place a crown on the head of
to formally declare one a king or emperor
to bestow something upon as a mark of honour
to form the topmost or finishing part of
medicine: of a baby, to appear in the vaginal opening
video games: to shoot in the back of the head
checkers: to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king
firearms: to widen the opening of the barrel
military: to effect a lodgment upon
nautical: to lay the ends of the strands over and under each other
See also [ edit ]
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
( archaic )
past participle of crow 1823, Byron, Don Juan
The cock had crown.
Middle English [ edit ]
Alternative form of coroune