crown

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See also: Crown

English[edit]

The crown of King Christian IV of Denmark
The crown of a watch (#28)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English coroune, from Anglo-Norman corone, from Latin corōna (crown, wreath), from Ancient Greek κορώνη (korṓnē). Doublet of corona, koruna, krone, and krona. Displaced native Old English bēag.

  • (paper size): So called because originally watermarked with a crown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crown (plural crowns)

  1. A royal, imperial or princely headdress; a diadem.
    Synonyms: coronet, diadem
  2. A wreath or band for the head, especially one given as reward of victory or a mark of honor.
    Synonyms: garland, wreath
  3. (by extension) Any reward of victory or mark of honor.
    Synonyms: award, garland, honor, prize, wreath
    the martyr’s crown
  4. Imperial or regal power, or those who wield it.
    Synonyms: monarchy, royalty
  5. (metonymically) The sovereign (in a monarchy), as head of state.
  6. (by extension, especially in law) The state, the government (headed by a monarch).
    Treasure recovered from shipwrecks automatically becomes property of the Crown.
  7. The top part of something:
    1. The topmost part of the head.
      Synonyms: apex, top
    2. The highest part of a hill.
      Synonyms: apex, peak, summit, top
      Antonyms: base, bottom, foot
      • 1697, Virgil, “The Sixth Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432, lines 267–268, page 370:
        Huge Trunks of Trees, fell'd from the ſteepy Crown
        Of the bare Mountains, rowl with Ruin down.
      • 1960 December, Voyageur, “The Mountain Railways of the Bernese Oberland”, in Trains Illustrated, page 752:
        So we continue climbing to the saddle of the Kleine Scheidegg, where ahead there comes into view the wide expanse of the Grindelwald valley, backed by the snowy crown of the Wetterhorn.
    3. The top section of a hat, above the brim.
    4. The raised centre of a road.
      • 1935, Samuel Beckett, Watt:
        Watt was beginning to tire of running his eyes up and down this highway, when a figure, human apparently, advancing along its crown, arrested, and revived, his attention.
    5. The highest part of an arch.
      • 1941 February, “Bridge demolition by lifting”, in Railway Magazine, page 74:
        The arch failed first at the crown, then at the quarterings, and finally at the springings.
    6. The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.
    7. The dome of a furnace.
    8. The upper part of certain fruits, as the pineapple or strawberry, that is removed before eating.
  8. (architecture) A kind of spire or lantern formed by converging flying buttresses.
  9. Splendor; culmination; acme.
    Synonyms: completion, culmination, finish, splendor
  10. Any currency (originally) issued by the crown (regal power) and often bearing a crown (headdress); (translation) various currencies known by similar names in their native languages, such as the koruna, kruna, krone, korona.
  11. (historical) A former pre-decimalization British coin worth five shillings.
    Synonyms: caser, tusheroon, tush, tosheroon, tosh, bull, caroon, thick-un, coachwheel, cartwheel
  12. (botany) The part of a plant where the root and stem meet.
  13. (forestry) The top of a tree.
  14. (anatomy, dentistry) The part of a tooth above the gums.
    Synonym: corona
  15. (dentistry) A prosthetic covering for a tooth.
    Synonyms: dental crown, dental cap
  16. (nautical) A knot formed in the end of a rope by tucking in the strands to prevent them from unravelling
  17. (nautical) The part of an anchor where the arms and the shank meet
  18. (nautical) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.
  19. (paper) In England, a standard size of printing paper measuring 20 × 15 inches.
  20. (paper) In American, a standard size of writing paper measuring 19 × 15 inches.
  21. (chemistry) A monocyclic ligand having three or more binding sites, capable of holding a guest in a central location
  22. (medicine) During childbirth, the appearance of the baby's head from the mother's vagina
  23. (firearms) A rounding or smoothing of the barrel opening
  24. (geometry) The area enclosed between two concentric perimeters.
  25. (religion) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.
  26. A whole bird with the legs and wings removed to produce a joint of white meat.
    • 2012, Paul Treyvaud, The Hooker in the Lobby
      When these TV chefs show you that they can cook a turkey crown in less than two hours; they aren't magicians or have secret turkey suppliers. The twenty minute per pound rule is based on our grandparents' ovens.
  27. (African-American Vernacular, colloquial) A formal hat worn by women to Sunday church services; a church crown.
    • 2013, Adam Boulton, Tony's Ten Years: Memories of the Blair Administration[1]:
      "His [Barack Obama's] unofficial slogan 'fired up and ready to go!' was borrowed from an 'old lady in a church crown [Sunday best hat]."
  28. The knurled knob or dial, on the outside of a watch case, used to wind it or adjust the hands.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Japanese: クラウン (kuraun)
  • Korean: 크라운 (keuraun)
  • Maori: karauna
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

crown (not comparable)

  1. Of, related to, or pertaining to a crown.
    crown prince
  2. Of, related to, pertaining to the top of a tree or trees.
    a crown fire
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

crown (third-person singular simple present crowns, present participle crowning, simple past and past participle crowned)

  1. To place a crown on the head of.
    • 2012, Poul Anderson (lyrics), performed by Leslie Fish, “The Ballad of Three Kings” in Avalon is Risen, originally published (in variant form) in Poul Anderson, “Three Kings”, Amra, volume 2, number 64 (1975):
      The king of the Huns was crowned with steel, and rode a stallion red,
      Saying: “Proud must my father’s spirit feel of me who crowned my head []
  2. To formally declare (someone) a king, queen, emperor, etc.
  3. To bestow something upon as a mark of honour, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
  4. To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.
  5. To declare (someone) a winner.
    • 2011 October 23, Tom Fordyce, “2011 Rugby World Cup final: New Zealand 8-7 France”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      New Zealand were crowned world champions for the first time in 24 years after squeezing past an inspired France team by a single point.
  6. (medicine) Of a baby, during the birthing process; for the surface of the baby's head to appear in the vaginal opening.
    The mother was in the second stage of labor and the fetus had just crowned, prompting a round of encouragement from the midwives.
    • 2007, David Schottke, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, First Responder: Your First Response in Emergency Care, page 385
      You will see the baby's head crowning during contractions, at which time you must prepare to assist the mother in the delivery of the baby.
    • 2010 Scott Gallagher Dancing Upon the Shore pg 157
      He's crowning . . . His head's coming through
  7. (transitive) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, such as the face of a machine pulley.
  8. To hit on the head.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, in The China Governess[4]:
      ‘[…] I remember a lady coming to inspect St. Mary's Home where I was brought up and seeing us all in our lovely Elizabethan uniforms we were so proud of, and bursting into tears all over us because “it was wicked to dress us like charity children”. We nearly crowned her we were so offended. She saw us but she didn't know us, did she?’.
  9. (video games) To shoot an opponent in the back of the head with a shotgun in a first-person shooter video game.
  10. (board games) In checkers, to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king.
    Crown me!” I said, as I moved my checker to the back row.
  11. (firearms) To widen the opening of the barrel.
  12. (military) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.
  13. (nautical) To lay the ends of the strands of (a knot) over and under each other.
  14. (slang) being about to take a poop (usually trying to hold it in, derived from obstetric use: metaphor of "giving birth" to solid poo)
    Synonym: grow a tail
    • 2020, Eddy Keymolen, amerikanischen Umgangssprache page 148
      Where's the bathroom, I'm crowning here!
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

crown

  1. (archaic) past participle of crow
    • 1823, Byron, Don Juan
      The cock had crown.

References[edit]

  • crown at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • crown in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

crown

  1. Alternative form of coroune