English [ edit ]
The crown of King Christian IV of Denmark
The crown of a watch (#28)
Etymology 1 [ edit ]
Middle English , from coroune Anglo-Norman , from corone Latin corōna ( “ crown, wreath ” ), from Ancient Greek κορώνη ( korṓnē ). Doublet of , corona , koruna krone , and . Displaced native krona Old English .
( paper size ) : So called because originally watermarked with a crown.
Pronunciation [ edit ]
crown ( plural )
royal, imperial or princely headdress; a diadem.
Synonyms: , coronet diadem September and October, C. Hamilton Ellis, “Royal Trains—V”, in 1945 Railway Magazine, page 250: Before so many of Europe's crowns came tumbling off the heads of their royal owners, Continental Europe could show a rich variety in the matter of royal trains. A
wreath or band for the head, especially one given as reward of victory or a mark of honor.
Synonyms: , garland wreath
( by extension ) Any reward of victory or mark of honor.
Synonyms: , award , garland , honor , prize wreath the martyr’s crown Imperial or regal power, or those who wield it.
Synonyms: , monarchy royalty
( metonymically ) The sovereign (in a monarchy), as head of state.
( by extension , especially in law ) The state, the government (headed by a monarch).
Treasure recovered from shipwrecks automatically becomes property of the Crown. , 1849 Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter X, in , volume I, London: The History of England from the Accession of James II Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, , →OCLC page : 597 Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown; and only forty thousand pounds remained in the Exchequer. A old slang term for the police (referring to crown victoria police cars)
The top part of something:
The topmost part of the
Synonyms: , apex top
(date written), 1610–1611 William Shakespeare, “ The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies ( [ … ] First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed, published [ward ] Blount 1623, , [Act IV, scene i], →OCLC page , column 1: 16 [...]if he awake, From toe to crowne hee'l fill our skin with pinches, Make vs ſtrange ſtuffe. , 1678 John Bunyan, “ The Author’s Apology for His Book”, in , London: The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That which is to Come: [ … ] [ … ] Nath [aniel ] Ponder [ … ] , ; reprinted in →OCLC The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, [ … ] , 1928, : →OCLC In more than twenty things, which I ſet down; This done, I twenty more had in my Crown, And they again began to multiply, Like ſparks that from the coals of fire do fly. The highest part of a hill.
Synonyms: , apex , peak , summit top Antonyms: , base , bottom foot
, 1697 Virgil, “The Sixth Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis., London: [ … ] [ … ] Jacob Tonson, [ … ] , , →OCLC page , lines 370 267–268: Huge Trunks of Trees, fell'd from the ſteepy Crown Of the bare Mountains, rowl with Ruin down. December, Voyageur, “The Mountain Railways of the Bernese Oberland”, in 1960 Trains Illustrated, page 752: So we continue climbing to the saddle of the Kleine Scheidegg, where ahead there comes into view the wide expanse of the Grindelwald valley, backed by the snowy crown of the Wetterhorn. The top section of a
hat, above the brim. The raised centre of a road.
, 1953 Samuel Beckett, , Watt Olympia Press: Watt was beginning to tire of running his eyes up and down this highway, when a figure, human apparently, advancing along its crown, arrested, and revived, his attention. The highest part of an arch.
February, “Bridge demolition by lifting”, in 1941 Railway Magazine, page 74: The arch failed first at the crown, then at the quarterings, and finally at the springings. The upper range of
facets in a rose diamond. The
dome of a furnace. The upper part of certain fruits, as the pineapple or strawberry, that is removed before eating.
( architecture ) A kind of spire or lantern formed by converging flying buttresses. Splendor; culmination; acme.
Synonyms: , completion , culmination , finish splendor , 1667 John Milton, “ Book IV”, in , London: Paradise Lost. [ … ] [ … ] [ Samuel Simmons], [ … ] , ; republished as →OCLC Paradise Lost in Ten Books:, London: Basil Montagu Pickering [ … ] [ … ] , 1873, , lines →OCLC 727–729: [...] happie in our mutual help And mutual love, the Crown of all our bliſs Ordain'd by thee, [...] Any currency (originally) issued by the crown (regal power) and often bearing a crown (headdress);
( translation ) various currencies known by similar names in their native languages, such as the koruna, kruna, krone, korona.
( historical ) A former pre-decimalization British coin worth five shillings.
Synonyms: , caser , tusheroon , tush , tosheroon , tosh , bull , caroon , thick-un , coachwheel cartwheel , 1859 J.C. Hotten, : A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words is known as an Half-a-crown , alderman half a , bull half a , and a tusheroon ; madza caroon whilst a piece, or crown five , may be called either a shillings , or a bull , or a caroon , or a cartwheel , or a coachwheel , or a thick-un . tusheroon
( historical , by extension ) A coin or note worth five shillings in various countries that are or were in the British Commonwealth, such as Ireland or Jamaica.
, 1866 Jamaica. Report of the Royal Jamaica Commission, 1866. Part II: Minutes of Evidence and Appendix , H.M.Stationery Office, page  558: There is no difficulty getting married in Jamaica, is there? No, it only costs half a crown. , “Maggie Murphy's Knickers” (track 8), in 2009 Stay Wut Her Johnny , performed by  Richie Kavanagh: Maggie Murphy had some knickers that she bought in Bagenalstown, an interlock of knickers that she got for a half a crown.
( botany ) The part of a plant where the root and stem meet.
( forestry ) The top of a tree.
( anatomy , dentistry ) The part of a tooth above the gums.
( dentistry ) A prosthetic covering for a tooth.
Synonyms: , dental crown dental cap
( nautical ) A knot formed in the end of a rope by tucking in the strands to prevent them from unravelling.
( nautical ) The part of an anchor where the arms and the shank meet.
( nautical ) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.
( paper ) In England, a standard size of printing paper measuring 20 × 15 inches.
( paper ) In American, a standard size of writing paper measuring 19 × 15 inches.
( chemistry ) A monocyclic ligand having three or more binding sites, capable of holding a guest in a central location.
( medicine ) During childbirth, the appearance of the baby's head from the mother's vagina.
( firearms ) A rounding or smoothing of the barrel opening.
( geometry ) The area enclosed between two concentric perimeters.
( religion ) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure. A whole
bird with the legs and wings removed to produce a joint of white meat.
, Paul Treyvaud, 2012 The Hooker in the Lobby: When these TV chefs show you that they can cook a turkey crown in less than two hours; they aren't magicians or have secret turkey suppliers. The twenty minute per pound rule is based on our grandparents' ovens.
( African-American Vernacular , colloquial ) A formal hat worn by women to Sunday church services; a .
church crown , Adam Boulton, 2013 Tony's Ten Years: Memories of the Blair Administration :  "His [Barack Obama's] unofficial slogan 'fired up and ready to go!' was borrowed from an 'old lady in a church crown [Sunday best hat]." The knurled knob or dial, on the outside of a watch case, used to wind it or adjust the hands.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Descendants [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
kurorë (sq) , f kunorë f ( Gheg ) Amharic:
ዘውድ ( zäwd ) Apache:
Western Apache: nantʼaʼ chʼah Arabic:
تَاج (ar) m ( tāj )
تاج m ( tāg ) Hijazi Arabic: تاج m ( tāj ) Argobba:
ዘውድ ( zäwd ) Armenian:
թագ (hy) ( tʿag ) Aromanian:
cãrunã , f curunã f Azerbaijani:
tac (az) Baluchi:
تاج ( táj ) Bashkir:
таж ( taj ) Basque:
каро́на f ( karóna ) Bengali:
তাজ (bn) ( taj ), মুকুট ( mukuṭ ) Breton:
kurunenn (br) f Bulgarian:
коро́на (bg) f ( koróna ) Burmese:
သရဖူ (my) ( sa.ra.hpu ), မကိုဋ် (my) ( ma.kuit ) Catalan:
corona (ca) f Cebuano:
, korona purongpurong Chamicuro:
ᎠᎵᏍᏚᎶ ( alisdulo ) Chinese:
Mandarin: 王冠 (zh) ( wángguān ), 冠 (zh) ( guān ) Coptic:
ⲕⲗⲟⲙ ( klom ) Corsican:
curona f Czech:
koruna (cs) f Danish:
krone (da) c Dutch:
kroon (nl) f Egyptian: (
ḫꜥw ) m Erzya:
каштаз ( kaštaz ), сырнепря ( sirńepŕa ) Esperanto:
krono (eo) Estonian:
kroon (et) Finnish:
kruunu (fi) French:
couronne (fr) f Friulian:
corone f Galician:
coroa (gl) f Ge'ez:
አክሊል ( ʾäklil ) Georgian:
გვირგვინი ( gvirgvini ) German:
Krone (de) f Gothic:
𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍀𐍃 m ( waips ) Greek:
κορώνα (el) f ( koróna )
Ancient Greek: στέφανος m ( stéphanos ), διάδημα n ( diádēma ) Gujarati:
તાજ ( tāj ) Hebrew:
כֶּתֶר (he) m ( kéter ) Hindi:
ताज (hi) m ( tāj ), मुकुट (hi) m ( mukuṭ ) Hungarian:
korona (hu) Icelandic:
kóróna (is) f Ido:
krono (io) Indonesian:
mahkota (id) Interlingua:
coróin f Italian:
corona (it) f Japanese:
王冠 (ja) ( おうかん, ōkan ), かぶり ( kaburi ), クラウン ( kuraun ) Kazakh:
тәж ( täj ) Khmer:
មកុដ (km) ( mĕəʼkot ) Korean:
왕관(王冠) (ko) ( wanggwan ) Kurdish:
تاج ( tac ) Northern Kurdish: tac (ku) f Kyrgyz:
таажы (ky) ( taajı ) Lao:
ພະມາລາ ( pha mā lā ), ມາລາ ( mā lā ), ມຸງກຸດ ( mung kut ) Latgalian:
corōna f Latvian:
kronis m Lezgi:
таж ( taž ) Lithuanian:
karūna f Luxembourgish:
Kroun f Macedonian:
круна f ( kruna ) Maguindanao:
, batabul markota Malay:
mahkota ( monarchy ) Malayalam:
കിരീടം (ml) ( kirīṭaṁ ) Manx:
karauna Middle English:
титэм (mn) ( titem ) Norman:
couorône f North Frisian:
krööne Northern Altai:
тид ( tid ) Northwestern Ojibwa:
krone (no) c Occitan:
f Old Occitan: corona Old English:
bēag , m hēafodbēag m Old Galician-Portuguese:
corõa f Ossetian:
тахъа ( taqa ) Pali:
تاج (ps) m ( tāǰ ) Persian:
تاج (fa) ( tâj ), افسر (fa) ( afsar ) Plautdietsch:
Kroon f Polish:
korona (pl) f Portuguese:
coroa (pt) f Romanian:
coroană (ro) , f cunună (ro) f Romansch:
curuna , f cruna , f crùna , f carugna f Russian:
коро́на (ru) f ( koróna ), вене́ц (ru) m ( venéc ) Sanskrit:
मुकुट (sa) m ( mukuṭa ) Sardinian:
corona , f curona f Saterland Frisian:
Kroune Scottish Gaelic:
crùn m Serbo-Croatian:
кру̏на f Roman: krȕna (sh) f Shan:
သရၽူႇ (shn) ( sǎ rǎ phùu ) Sicilian:
curuna f Slovak:
koruna f Slovene:
krọ̑na (sl) f Sorbian:
krona f Upper Sorbian: króna f Southern Altai:
таајы ( taaǰï ) (arab), корона ( korona ) (russ) Spanish:
corona (es) f Swahili:
taji , (sw) kirauni (sw) Swedish:
krona (sv) c Tagalog:
korona , (tl) putong (tl) Tajik:
тоҷ ( toj ) Tamil:
கிரீடம் (ta) ( kirīṭam ), முடி (ta) ( muṭi ), மகுடம் (ta) ( makuṭam ) Telugu:
కిరీటము (te) ( kirīṭamu ) Thai:
มงกุฎ (th) ( mong-gùt ), มกุฎ (th) ( má-gùt ) Tigrinya:
ዘውዲ ( zäwdi ) Turkish:
taç (tr) Turkmen:
коро́на (uk) f ( koróna ) Urdu:
تاج m ( tāj ), مکٹ m ( mukuṭ ) Uyghur:
تاج ( taj ) Uzbek:
toj (uz) Vietnamese:
mũ miện Volapük:
kron (vo) Welsh:
coron (cy) , f coronau (cy) f pl West Frisian:
kroan c Yiddish:
קרוין f ( kroyn ), עטרה f ( atore ), כּתר m ( keser ) Yoruba:
adé Zulu: umqhele (zu) class 3/ 4
representation of such a headdress
wreath or band for the head
topmost part of the head
يَافُوخ m ( yāfūḵ ) Armenian:
գագաթ (hy) ( gagatʿ ) Belarusian:
це́мя n ( cjémja ) Bulgarian:
те́ме (bg) n ( téme ) Catalan:
coroneta f Chinese:
Mandarin: 頭頂 ／ 头顶 (zh) ( tóudǐng ) Czech:
temeno (cs) n Danish:
isse (da) c Dutch:
kruin (nl) Eblaite:
𒈬𒄷𒌝 ( mu-ḫu-um /muḫḫum/ ) Egyptian: (
qꜣbt ) f Estonian:
, pealagi lagipea Finnish:
päälaki (fi) French:
sommet (fr) m Galician:
curuto , m croca (gl) , f coroa (gl) f German:
Scheitel (de) m Greek:
κορυφή (el) f ( koryfí ), κορφή (el) f ( korfí ) Hebrew:
קודקוד/קָדְקוֹד/קָדְקֹד (he) m ( kodkód ) Hungarian:
fejtető , (hu) feje búbja Icelandic:
krúna f Ingrian:
baithis , f mullach m Italian:
cocuzzolo (it) , m calotta cranica Japanese:
頭頂 (ja) ( とうちょう, tōchō ) Korean:
정수리 (ko) ( jeongsuri ) Laz:
კოტულა ( ǩoťula ) Macedonian:
те́ме n ( téme ) Maori:
tumuaki Middle English:
, coroune molde Nanai:
, atsiitʼáád atsiitʼáá Norwegian:
isse m Old English:
hnoll m Ottoman Turkish:
تپه ( tepe ), قمه ( kımme ) Persian:
تارک (fa) ( târak ), هباک (fa) ( habâk ) Polish:
ciemię (pl) n Portuguese:
topo (pt) , m alta (pt) , f moleira (pt) f Romanian:
creștet (ro) , n sinciput (ro) n Russian:
те́мя (ru) n ( témja ), маку́шка (ru) f ( makúška ) ( colloquial ), ма́ковка (ru) f ( mákovka ) ( colloquial ) Scottish Gaelic:
mullach , m bàrr a' chinn , m crùn m Serbo-Croatian:
теме n Roman: teme (sh) n Slovak:
teme n Spanish:
coronilla , f corona (es) f Swedish:
hjässa (sv) c Tocharian B:
𐎖𐎄𐎖𐎄 ( qdqd ) Ukrainian:
ті́м'я n ( tímʺja ), ма́ківка f ( mákivka ) Vietnamese:
thóp , (vi) đỉnh (vi) Zulu: ukhakhayi class 11/ 10
splendor, culmination, acme
any currency issued by the crown
former British coin worth five shillings
part of a plant where the root and stem meet
dentistry: prosthetic covering for a tooth
nautical: knot formed in the end of a rope
nautical: rounding of the deck
nautical: bights formed by the turns of a cable
paper: standard size of printing paper
chemistry: monocyclic ligand having three or more binding sites
medical: appearance of the baby's head from the mother's vagina
firearms: rounding or smoothing of the barrel opening
upper range of facets in a rose diamond
geometry: area enclosed between two concentric perimeters
religion: round spot shaved clean on the top of the head
— see tonsure
whole bird with the legs and wings removed
formal hat worn by women to Sunday church services
Translations to be checked
Adjective [ edit ]
crown ( not )
Of, related to, or pertaining to a crown.
crown prince Of, related to, pertaining to the top of a tree or trees.
a crown fire
Translations [ edit ]
crown ( third-person singular simple present , crowns present participle , crowning simple past and past participle )
To place a crown on the head of.
2012, Poul Anderson (lyrics), performed by Leslie Fish, “The Ballad of Three Kings” in Avalon is Risen, originally published (in variant form) in Poul Anderson, “Three Kings”, Amra, volume 2, number 64 (1975):
The king of the Huns was crowned with steel, and rode a stallion red, Saying: “Proud must my father’s spirit feel of me who crowned my head [… ] ” To formally declare (someone) a
king, queen, emperor, etc.
To bestow something upon as a mark of honour, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.
, 1812 Lord Byron, “Canto II”, in , London: Printed for Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. A Romaunt John Murray, [ … ] ; William Blackwood, Edinburgh; and John Cumming, Dublin; by Thomas Davison, [ … ] , , stanza XLIX: →OCLC the grove that crowns yon tufted hill , 1856 John Lothrop Motley, The Rise of the Dutch Republic: To crown the whole, came a proposition. To
declare (someone) a winner.
2011 October 23, Tom Fordyce, “2011 Rugby World Cup final: New Zealand 8-7 France”, in BBC Sport :  New Zealand were crowned world champions for the first time in 24 years after squeezing past an inspired France team by a single point.
( medicine ) Of a baby, during the birthing process; for the surface of the baby's head to appear in the vaginal opening.
The mother was in the second stage of labor and the fetus had just crowned, prompting a round of encouragement from the midwives.
2007, David Schottke, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, First Responder: Your First Response in Emergency Care, page 385
You will see the baby's head crowning during contractions, at which time you must prepare to assist the mother in the delivery of the baby. , Scott Gallagher, 2010 Dancing Upon the Shore, page : 157 He's crowning . . . His head's coming through
( transitive ) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, such as the face of a machine pulley. To hit on the head.
, 1963 Margery Allingham, chapter 6, in The China Governess :  ‘[…] I remember a lady coming to inspect St. Mary's Home where I was brought up and seeing us all in our lovely Elizabethan uniforms we were so proud of, and bursting into tears all over us because “it was wicked to dress us like charity children”. We nearly crowned her we were so offended. She saw us but she didn't know us, did she?’.
( video games ) To shoot an opponent in the back of the head with a shotgun in a first-person shooter video game.
( board games ) In checkers, to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king.
“ Crown me!” I said, as I moved my checker to the back row.
( firearms ) To widen the opening of the barrel.
( military ) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.
( nautical ) To lay the ends of the strands of (a knot) over and under each other. ( intransitive , slang ) To be on the point of defecating.
Synonym: grow a tail , Eddy Keymolen, 2020 amerikanischen Umgangssprache, page : 148 Where's the bathroom, I'm crowning here!
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to place a crown on the head of
to formally declare one a king or emperor
to bestow something upon as a mark of honour
to form the topmost or finishing part of
medicine: of a baby, to appear in the vaginal opening
video games: to shoot in the back of the head
checkers: to stack two checkers to indicate that the piece has become a king
firearms: to widen the opening of the barrel
military: to effect a lodgment upon
nautical: to lay the ends of the strands over and under each other
See also [ edit ]
Etymology 2 [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
( archaic )
past participle of crow , 1823 Byron, Don Juan: The cock had crown.
References [ edit ]
Middle English [ edit ]
Alternative form of coroune