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See also:
U+51A0, 冠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51A0

[U+519F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51A1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 14 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠖌
𠙙
𠜍
𢃙

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̊ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon, head) + semantic  (hand) – a hand putting a hat on the head. Also ideogrammic (會意).

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n (to put on; to wear; to clothe). Cognate with Tibetan བགོ (bgo, to put on; to wear; clothing), གོས (gos, clothes; garments; dress), གོན (gon), གྱོན (gyon, to put on; to wear), སྐོན (skon, to dress; to clothe).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k.ʔ]ˤor/
English cap (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16107
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hat; cap
      ―  huángguān  ―  crown
  2. top part; cap; top
  3. hat-shaped thing
      ―  huāguān  ―  wreath; crown
    /   ―  guān  ―  cockscomb
  4. cock's crest; comb

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.ʔˤor-s/
English cap (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16109
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to put on a hat; to wear a hat
  2. (of a male) to reach adulthood
  3. to rank first; to excel; to surpass
  4. to cover; to put on top of
  5. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
  6. (historical) ceremony marking a man's coming of age at 20
  7. superior; excellent; outstanding
    /   ―  guànjūn  ―  champion
  8. first place
  9. champion; winner; victor
  10. (linguistics) Short for 冠詞冠词 (guàncí, “article”).
  11. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. crown
  2. best, peerless

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かがふり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/kaɡapuri//kaɡafuri/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かがふり, rōmaji kagafuri)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) head covering; headdress, crown
  2. (by extension, archaic) order, rank
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かぶり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Likely a shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かぶり, rōmaji kaburi)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. (theater) large attendance, full house
  3. (archaic) order, rank
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

A shift from kaburi above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かむり, rōmaji kamuri)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. distance from the tunnel's roof to the surface directly above it
  3. (poetry) first (traditionally, five) morae of a haiku, etc.; specifically, the first verse or line of a poem

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こうぶり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

A shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こうぶり, rōmaji kōburi, historical hiragana かうぶり)

  1. headdress, crown
  2. order, rank
  3. Synonym of 年爵 (an annual salary in the Heian period)
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
かんむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

The modern spelling. A shift from kōburi above, historical kauburi.[1] Also encountered is kanburi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かんむり, rōmaji kanmuri, alternative reading かんぶり, rōmaji kanburi)

  1. a crown (royal headdress)
  2. a type of traditional cap
  3. name; title; named sponsorship of a program, event, team, etc.​
  4. the top radical of a kanji, such as as in itself
Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かんむり, rōmaji Kanmuri)

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
さか
Grade: S
Irregular

Clipping of  () (さか) (tosaka). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さか, rōmaji saka)

  1. comb, crest (of a bird, particularly a chicken or pheasant); cockscomb

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kuɑn, kuɑnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. headpiece, crown
Compounds[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.