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See also:
U+51A0, 冠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51A0

[U+519F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51A1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 14, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠖌
𠙙
𠜍
𢃙

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̊ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon, head) + semantic  (hand) – a hand putting a hat on the head. Also ideogrammic (會意).

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n (to put on; to wear; to clothe). Cognate with Tibetan བགོ (bgo, to put on; to wear; clothing), གོས (gos, clothes; garments; dress), གོན (gon), གྱོན (gyon, to put on; to wear), སྐོན (skon, to dress; to clothe).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • guang1 - Shantou;
  • guêng1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k.ʔ]ˁor/
    English cap (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16107
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kŋoːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hat; cap
        ―  huángguān  ―  crown
    2. top part; cap; top
    3. hat-shaped thing
        ―  huāguān  ―  wreath; crown
      /   ―  guān  ―  cockscomb
    4. cock's crest; comb

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • guang3 - Shantou;
    • guêng3 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.ʔˁor-s/
    English cap (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16109
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kŋoːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to put on a hat; to wear a hat
    2. (historical) ceremony marking a male's coming of age at 20
    3. (of a male) to reach adulthood
    4. to rank first; to excel; to surpass
    5. to cover; to put on top of
    6. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
    7. superior; excellent; outstanding
      /   ―  guànjūn  ―  champion
    8. first place
    9. champion; winner; victor
    10. (linguistics) Short for 冠詞冠词 (guàncí, “article”).
    11. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. crown
    2. best, peerless

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かがふり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /kaɡapuri//kaɡafuri/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かがふり, rōmaji kagafuri)

    1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) head covering; headdress, crown
    2. (by extension, archaic) order, rank
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かぶり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Likely a shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かぶり, rōmaji kaburi)

    1. headdress, crown
    2. (theater) large attendance, full house
    3. (archaic) order, rank
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かむり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    A shift from kaburi above. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かむり, rōmaji kamuri)

    1. headdress, crown
    2. distance from the tunnel's roof to the surface directly above it
    3. (poetry) first (traditionally, five) morae of a haiku, etc.; specifically, the first verse or line of a poem

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    こうぶり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    A shift from kagafuri above, ancient kagapuri.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana こうぶり, rōmaji kōburi, historical hiragana かうぶり)

    1. headdress, crown
    2. order, rank
    3. Synonym of 年爵 (an annual salary in the Heian period)
    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    かんむり
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    The modern spelling. A shift from kōburi above, historical kauburi.[1] Also encountered is kanburi.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かんむり, rōmaji kanmuri, alternative reading かんぶり, rōmaji kanburi)

    1. a crown (royal headdress)
      • 1999 November 18, “かんむりいただあおつばさ [Crowned Blue Wings]”, in Vol.6 (in Japanese), Konami:
         (あたま) () (かんむり)のように ()える、 (あお) (じろ) ()えるトリ。
        Atama no ke ga kanmuri no yō ni mieru, aojiroku moeru tori.
        A bluish fiery bird whose feathers on its head resemble a crown.
    2. a type of traditional cap
    3. name; title; named sponsorship of a program, event, team, etc.​
    4. the top radical of a kanji, such as as in itself
    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana かんむり, rōmaji Kanmuri)

    1. A female given name
    2. A surname​.

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さか
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Clipping of  () (さか) (tosaka). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana さか, rōmaji saka)

    1. comb, crest (of a bird, particularly a chicken or pheasant); cockscomb

    Etymology 7[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC kuɑn, kuɑnH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. headpiece, crown
    Compounds[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwan)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwan, McCune–Reischauer: kwan)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (quan, quán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.