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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 14 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠖌
𠙙
𠜍
𢃙

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  ‎(hat) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋon, head) + semantic  ‎(hand) – a hand putting a hat on the head. Also ideogrammic (會意).

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  ‎(hat) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋon).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n ‎(to put on; to wear; to clothe). Cognate with Tibetan བགོ་བ ‎(bgo ba, to put on; to wear; clothing), གོས ‎(gos, clothes; garments; dress), གོན་པ ‎(gon pa), གྱོན་པ ‎(gyon pa, to put on; to wear), སྐོན་པ ‎(skon pa, to dress; to clothe).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k.ʔ]ˤor/
English cap (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16107
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hat; cap
      ―  huángguān  ―  crown
  2. top part; cap; top
  3. hat-shaped thing
      ―  huāguān  ―  wreath; crown
    /   ―  guān  ―  cockscomb
  4. cock's crest; comb

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.ʔˤor-s/
English cap (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16109
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to put on a hat; to wear a hat
  2. (of a male) to reach adulthood
  3. to rank first; to excel; to surpass
  4. to cover; to put on top of
  5. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
  6. (historical) ceremony marking a man's coming of age at 20
  7. superior; excellent; outstanding
    /   ―  guànjūn  ―  champion
  8. first place
  9. champion; winner; victor
  10. (linguistics) Short for 冠詞冠词 (guàncí, “article”).
  11. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on'yomi
Kanji in this term
かぶり
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
かむり
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
かんむり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かんむり, romaji kanmuri, alternative reading かむり, romaji kamuri, alternative reading かぶり, romaji kaburi)
(alternative reading hiragana かん, romaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. a crown (royal headdress)
  2. a type of traditional cap
  3. the top radical of a kanji, such as as in itself

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かんむり, romaji kanmuri)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.