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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  +  – a hand (寸) putting a hat (冖) on the head (元).

Han character[edit]

(radical 14 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

  1. cap, crown, headgear
  2. champion

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (冠), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古丸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kʷɑn/ /kwan/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/
Character (冠), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古玩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kʷɑnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guān ‹ kwan › /*[k.ʔ]ˤor/ cap (n.)
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*k.ʔˤor-s/ cap (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16107 3 /*kŋoːn/
16109 3 /*kŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A hat.
    皇冠 (“crown”)
  2. Something that resembles a hat.
    花冠 (“wreath; crown”)
    雞冠鸡冠 (“cockscomb”)

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (冠), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古丸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kʷɑn/ /kwan/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/
Character (冠), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古玩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kʷɑnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guān ‹ kwan › /*[k.ʔ]ˤor/ cap (n.)
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*k.ʔˤor-s/ cap (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16107 3 /*kŋoːn/
16109 3 /*kŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. To wear a hat.
  2. To be first.
  3. Superior; excellent; outstanding.
    冠軍冠军 (“champion”)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かんむり, romaji kanmuri)

  1. crown, coronet
  2. a type of traditional cap
  3. top radical of a kanji

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.