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U+51A0, 冠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51A0

[U+519F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51A1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 14 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月一山戈 (BMUI), four-corner 37214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 292, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 303, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+51A0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠖌
𠙙
𠜍
𢃙

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̥ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon, head) + semantic  (hand) – a hand putting a hat on the head. Also ideogrammic (會意).

Earlier forms are phono-semantic (形聲, OC *kŋoːn, *kŋoːns): semantic  (hat) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)wa-n (to put on; to wear; to clothe). Cognate with Tibetan བགོ (bgo, to put on; to wear; clothing), གོས (gos, clothes; garments; dress), གོན (gon), གྱོན (gyon, to put on; to wear), སྐོན (skon, to dress; to clothe).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k.ʔ]ˤor/
English cap (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16107
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hat; cap
      ―  huángguān  ―  crown
  2. top part; cap; top
  3. hat-shaped thing
      ―  huāguān  ―  wreath; crown
    /   ―  guān  ―  cockscomb
  4. cock's crest; comb

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.ʔˤor-s/
English cap (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16109
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to put on a hat; to wear a hat
  2. (of a male) to reach adulthood
  3. to rank first; to excel; to surpass
  4. to cover; to put on top of
  5. to precede (e.g. with a title); to attach; to put on
  6. (historical) ceremony marking a man's coming of age at 20
  7. superior; excellent; outstanding
    /   ―  guànjūn  ―  champion
  8. first place
  9. champion; winner; victor
  10. (linguistics) Short for 冠詞冠词 (guàncí, “article”).
  11. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on’yomi
Kanji in this term
かぶり
Grade: S
Irregular
Kanji in this term
かむり
Grade: S
Irregular
Kanji in this term
こうぶり
Grade: S
Irregular
Kanji in this term
かんむり
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/kaɡapuri//kauburi//kaumuri//kammuri/

From Old Japanese かがふり (kagapuri), which evolved to かうぶり (kauburi) in Middle Japanese. Further evolution gives kaburi and kaumuri, the latter evolved to modern kanmuri. Kamuri comes from another evolution of kaburi, while kōburi is the modern kana usage form of Middle Japanese kauburi.

The on-reading comes from Middle Chinese (kuan).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • (Irregular reading)
    • (Tokyo) ぶり [kàbúríꜜ] (Odaka – [3])
    • IPA(key): [ka̠bɯ̟ᵝɾi]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かんむり, rōmaji kanmuri)
(hiragana こうぶり, rōmaji kōburi, historical hiragana かうぶり)
(hiragana かむり, rōmaji kamuri)
(hiragana かぶり, rōmaji kaburi)
(hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

  1. a crown (royal headdress)
  2. a type of traditional cap
  3. the top radical of a kanji, such as as in itself

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana かんむり, rōmaji Kanmuri)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwan)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quan, quán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.