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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
完-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦŋoːn): semantic  ‎(roof) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋon) – to put the roof on a building, finishing it.

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十一一山 (JMMU), four-corner 30211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 282, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 555, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uan²¹⁴/
Harbin /uan²⁴/
Tianjin /van⁴⁵/
Jinan /vã⁴²/
Qingdao /vã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uan⁴²/
Xi'an /uã²⁴/
Xining /uã²⁴/
Yinchuan /van⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
Wuhan /uan²¹³/
Chengdu /uan³¹/
Guiyang /uan²¹/
Kunming /uã̠³¹/
Nanjing /uaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦuø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /õ¹³/ ~好
/yẽ¹³/ ~姑妈
Xiangtan /ɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uɵn⁴⁵/
/fɵn⁴⁵/
/yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /van¹¹/
Taoyuan /vɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/uan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final: (62)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: huán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuɑn/ /ɦʷɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɦwan/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wán ‹ hwan › /*[ɢ]ˤo[n]/ finish (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16125 3 /*ɦŋoːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. complete, finish, settle
  2. whole
  3. refers to the end of life or to enter a critical situation
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune-Reischauer wan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoàn)

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