repair

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈpɛə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈpɛɚ/, /ɹəˈpɛɚ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛə(r)

Etymology 1[edit]

Coined between 1300 and 1350 from Middle English repairen, from Middle French reparer, from Latin reparō (renew, repair).

Verb[edit]

repair (third-person singular simple present repairs, present participle repairing, simple past and past participle repaired)

  1. To restore to good working order, fix, or improve damaged condition; to mend; to remedy.
    to repair a house, a road, a shoe, or a ship
    to repair a shattered fortune
  2. To make amends for, as for an injury, by an equivalent; to indemnify for.
    to repair a loss or damage
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Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

repair (countable and uncountable, plural repairs)

  1. The act of repairing something.
    I took the car to the workshop for repair.
    • 2014 June 14, “It's a gas”, in The Economist, volume 411, number 8891:
      One of the hidden glories of Victorian engineering is proper drains. [] But out of sight is out of mind. And that [] means that many old sewers have been neglected and are in dire need of repair.
  2. The result of repairing something.
    If you look closely you can see the repair in the paintwork.
  3. The condition of something, in respect of need for repair.
    The car was overall in poor repair before the accident. But after the workshop had it for three weeks it was returned in excellent repair. But the other vehicle was beyond repair.
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Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English repairen (to return), borrowed from Old French repairier, from Late Latin repatriare (to return to one's country), from re- + patria (homeland). Cognate to repatriate.

Noun[edit]

repair (plural repairs)

  1. The act of repairing or resorting to a place.
    our annual repair to the mountains
  2. A place to which one goes frequently or habitually; a haunt.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

repair (third-person singular simple present repairs, present participle repairing, simple past and past participle repaired)

  1. To transfer oneself to another place.
    to repair to sanctuary for safety
    • 1703, Alexander Pope, transl., “The Thebais of Statius”, in The Works of Alexander Pope, London: H. Lintont et al., published 1751:
      Go, mount the winds, and to the shades repair.
    • 1847 October 16, Currer Bell [pseudonym; Charlotte Brontë], chapter IV, in Jane Eyre. An Autobiography. [...] In Three Volumes, volume II, London: Smith, Elder, and Co., [], OCLC 3163777, page 109:
      At a late hour, after I had been in bed some time, I heard the visitors repair to their chambers:
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803, page 47:
      That finished, I repaired to my room, one flight up, and, after a thorough wash, seated myself, pipe in mouth, at the little window that opened on the Rue Garde.
    • 1960 April, B. Perren, “Resorts for Railfans -30: Bournemouth”, in Trains Illustrated, page 239:
      [...] the train engine uncouples and either backs on to the up through line to await its next duty or repairs to the motive power depot.
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Etymology 3[edit]

From re- +‎ pair.

Verb[edit]

repair (third-person singular simple present repairs, present participle repairing, simple past and past participle repaired)

  1. to pair again

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