matka

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See also: mátka and matką

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Old Czech máti, from Proto-Slavic *mati.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmatka]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -atka

Noun[edit]

matka f

  1. mother
    Synonyms: máma, mamka, maminka, máti, mutr, mateř
    Antonym: otec
  2. nut (of a bolt)
    Synonym: matice

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • matka in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • matka in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • matka in Internetová jazyková příručka

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *matka, from Proto-Uralic *mëtka.[1] Finnic cognates include Ingrian matka, Karelian matka, Livonian matkā, Veps matk and Votic matka. Other Uralic cognates include Northern Sami muotki, Eastern Khanty мугәт (mugət) and Selkup мыты.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑtkɑ/, [ˈmɑt̪kɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtkɑ
  • Syllabification(key): mat‧ka

Noun[edit]

matka

  1. trip
    Guamille on matkaa 76 kilometriä.
    The trip to Guam is 76 kilometres.
  2. journey
  3. distance

Declension[edit]

Inflection of matka (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative matka matkat
genitive matkan matkojen
partitive matkaa matkoja
illative matkaan matkoihin
singular plural
nominative matka matkat
accusative nom. matka matkat
gen. matkan
genitive matkan matkojen
matkainrare
partitive matkaa matkoja
inessive matkassa matkoissa
elative matkasta matkoista
illative matkaan matkoihin
adessive matkalla matkoilla
ablative matkalta matkoilta
allative matkalle matkoille
essive matkana matkoina
translative matkaksi matkoiksi
instructive matkoin
abessive matkatta matkoitta
comitative matkoineen
Possessive forms of matka (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person matkani matkamme
2nd person matkasi matkanne
3rd person matkansa

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aikio, Ante: Studies in Uralic Etymology IV: Ob-Ugric Etymologies Linguistica Uralica 51:1, 2015 [1]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *matka. Cognates include Finnish matka and Estonian matk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

matka

  1. trip, journey
  2. distance
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Sitä vart, jot hyväst saavva tolkku ympäröiväst paikast, pittää tuntaa löytää pooli ja matka, tuntaa katsoa paikan plaanua.
      For this, to understand the surrounding area well, one has to be able to find the direction and the distance, to be able to look at the map of the area.

Declension[edit]

Declension of matka (type 3/kana, k- gradation)
singular plural
nominative matka matat
genitive matan matkoin
partitive matkaa matkoja
illative matkaa matkoi
inessive matas matois
elative matast matoist
allative matalle matoille
adessive matal matoil
ablative matalt matoilt
translative mataks matoiks
essive matkanna, matkaan matkoinna, matkoin
exessive1) matkant matkoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 299

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Diminutive of Old Polish mać, from Proto-Slavic *mati, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr

Noun[edit]

matka f

  1. mother
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
noun
Related terms[edit]
adjectives
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

From mata +‎ -ka.

Noun[edit]

matka f

  1. Diminutive of mata

Further reading[edit]

  • matka in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • matka in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *màti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *mā́ˀtē, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr.

Noun[edit]

matka f

  1. mother
    Antonyms: fater, ôjciec
    Hyponym: drugŏ matka

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

mať +‎ -ka, from Proto-Slavic *mati, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

matka f (genitive singular matky, nominative plural matky, genitive plural matiek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. mother
    Synonyms: mať, mama, mamička, mater

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • matka in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk