patria

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See also: pàtria and pátria

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin patria.

Noun[edit]

patria f (plural patrias)

  1. homeland, fatherland, motherland

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin patria (fatherland).

Noun[edit]

patria f (plural patrie)

  1. one's native land or country
  2. homeland, fatherland
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

patria

  1. feminine singular of patrio

References[edit]

  1. ^ patria in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Substantive noun from an ellipsis of the collocative term terra patria ("paternal/hereditary land"), itself from terra (land, country) and patrius (fatherly, paternal, hereditary, ancestral). Compare origin of Greek βασιλική (basilikḗ, basilica), from Byzantine Greek term βασιλική στοά (basilikḗ stoá, royal building). Cognates include Ancient Greek πατριά (patriá, generation, ancestry, descent, tribe, family) and πατρίς (patrís, place of one's ancestors).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patria f (genitive patriae); first declension

  1. country; fatherland (literally), native land
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes 3.2.13:
      Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.
      Sweet and fitting it is to die for one's fatherland.
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.666:
      Ō quantum patriae sanguinis ille dēdit!
      Oh how much blood he gave for his native land!
  2. home

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative patria patriae
Genitive patriae patriārum
Dative patriae patriīs
Accusative patriam patriās
Ablative patriā patriīs
Vocative patria patriae

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: pàtria
  • English: patria
  • French: patrie
  • Galician: patria
  • Italian: patria
  • Portuguese: pátria
  • Romanian: patrie
  • Spanish: patria

Adjective[edit]

patria

  1. inflection of patrius:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Adjective[edit]

patriā

  1. ablative feminine singular of patrius

References[edit]

  • patria”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • patria”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • patria in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • patria in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: se morti offerre pro salute patriae
    • to drive a person out of house and home: evertere aliquem bonis, fortunis patriis
    • to be (very) patriotic: patriae amantem (amantissimum) esse (Att. 9. 22)
    • to recall from exile: aliquem (in patriam) restituere
    • to return from exile: in patriam redire
    • (ambiguous) native place: urbs patria or simply patria
    • (ambiguous) to die for one's country: mortem occumbere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • (ambiguous) to sacrifice oneself for one's country: vitam profundere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to banish a man from his native land: e patria exire iubere aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to be in exile: patria carere
  • patria in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

patria f (plural patrias)

  1. Obsolete spelling of pátria

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpatɾja/, [ˈpa.t̪ɾja]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin patria (fatherland).

Noun[edit]

patria f (plural patrias)

  1. homeland, fatherland, motherland
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

patria

  1. feminine singular of patrio

Further reading[edit]