patria

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See also: pàtria and pátria

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin patria ‎(fatherland).

Adjective[edit]

patria

  1. feminine singular of patrio

Noun[edit]

patria f ‎(plural patrie)

  1. one's native land or country
  2. homeland
  3. fatherland

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From patrius ‎(of or pertaining to a father), from pater ‎(father), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂tḗr. Cognate with Ancient Greek πατριά ‎(patriá, generation, ancestry, descent, tribe, family) and πατρίς ‎(patrís, place of one's ancestors).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patria f ‎(genitive patriae); first declension

  1. country; fatherland (literally)
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes 3.2.13
      Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.
      Sweet and fitting it is to die for one's fatherland.
  2. home

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative patria patriae
genitive patriae patriārum
dative patriae patriīs
accusative patriam patriās
ablative patriā patriīs
vocative patria patriae

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

patria

  1. nominative feminine singular of patrius.
  2. nominative neuter plural of patrius.
  3. accusative neuter plural of patrius.
  4. vocative feminine singular of patrius.
  5. vocative neuter plural of patrius.

patriā

  1. ablative feminine singular of patrius.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • patria in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patria in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PATRIA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • patria in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to sacrifice oneself for one's country: se morti offerre pro salute patriae
    • to drive a person out of house and home: evertere aliquem bonis, fortunis patriis
    • to be (very) patriotic: patriae amantem (amantissimum) esse (Att. 9. 22)
    • to recall from exile: aliquem (in patriam) restituere
    • to return from exile: in patriam redire
    • (ambiguous) native place: urbs patria or simply patria
    • (ambiguous) to die for one's country: mortem occumbere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to shed one's blood for one's fatherland: sanguinem suum pro patria effundere or profundere
    • (ambiguous) to sacrifice oneself for one's country: vitam profundere pro patria
    • (ambiguous) to banish a man from his native land: e patria exire iubere aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to be in exile: patria carere
  • patria” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

patria f (plural patrias)

  1. Obsolete spelling of pátria

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin patria ‎(fatherland).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

patria f ‎(plural patrias)

  1. fatherland

Related terms[edit]