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From Proto-Indo-European *serk- (to fence), whence also sarcina (bag; burden). Cognate with Ancient Greek ἕρκος (hérkos, wall, enclosure, defense), ὅρκος (hórkos), ἑρκάνη (herkánē), ὁρκάνη (horkánē), Hittite [script needed] (šar-nin-k-, to recompense).



sarciō (present infinitive sarcīre, perfect active sarsī, supine sartum); fourth conjugation

  1. I patch, botch, mend, repair, restore
  2. (law) to make amends, recompense


   Conjugation of sarcio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarciō sarcīs sarcit sarcīmus sarcītis sarciunt
imperfect sarciēbam sarciēbās sarciēbat sarciēbāmus sarciēbātis sarciēbant
future sarciam sarciēs sarciet sarciēmus sarciētis sarcient
perfect sarsī sarsistī sarsit sarsimus sarsistis sarsērunt, sarsēre
pluperfect sarseram sarserās sarserat sarserāmus sarserātis sarserant
future perfect sarserō sarseris sarserit sarserimus sarseritis sarserint
passive present sarcior sarcīris, sarcīre sarcītur sarcīmur sarcīminī sarciuntur
imperfect sarciēbar sarciēbāris, sarciēbāre sarciēbātur sarciēbāmur sarciēbāminī sarciēbantur
future sarciar sarciēris, sarciēre sarciētur sarciēmur sarciēminī sarcientur
perfect sartus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sartus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sartus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarciam sarciās sarciat sarciāmus sarciātis sarciant
imperfect sarcīrem sarcīrēs sarcīret sarcīrēmus sarcīrētis sarcīrent
perfect sarserim sarserīs sarserit sarserimus sarseritis sarserint
pluperfect sarsissem sarsissēs sarsisset sarsissēmus sarsissētis sarsissent
passive present sarciar sarciāris, sarciāre sarciātur sarciāmur sarciāminī sarciantur
imperfect sarcīrer sarcīrēris, sarcīrēre sarcīrētur sarcīrēmur sarcīrēminī sarcīrentur
perfect sartus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sartus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sarcī sarcīte
future sarcītō sarcītō sarcītōte sarciuntō
passive present sarcīre sarcīminī
future sarcītor sarcītor sarciuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sarcīre sarsisse sartūrus esse sarcīrī sartus esse sartum īrī
participles sarciēns sartūrus sartus sarciendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sarcīre sarciendī sarciendō sarciendum sartum sartū

Derived terms[edit]



  • sarcio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sarcio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sarcio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to make good, repair a loss or injury: damnum or detrimentum sarcire (not reparare)
  • Andrew Breeze, 'Old English Syrce "Coat of Mail": Welsh seirch "armour" ', Notes and Queries, 40.3 [238] (1993), 291-93.