finis

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See also: finiš

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin fīnis ‎(end; limit)

Noun[edit]

finis ‎(plural finises)

  1. An end (of a book etc.)
    • 1836, — Frederick Marryat, Mr Midshipman Easy
      He had gone through the work from the title-page to the finis at least forty times, and had just commenced it over again.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, Episode 16
      Highly providential was the appearance on the scene of Corny Kelleher when Stephen was blissfully unconscious but for that man in the gap turning up at the eleventh hour the finis might have been that he might have been a candidate for the accident ward...

Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

finis

  1. past of fini

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

finis

  1. masculine plural of fini

Verb[edit]

finis

  1. first-person singular present indicative of finir
  2. second-person singular present indicative of finir
  3. first-person singular past historic of finir
  4. second-person singular past historic of finir
  5. second-person singular imperative of finir

Participle[edit]

finis

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of finir

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

finis

  1. past of finar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Disputed.[1] Possibly related to figere ‎(to fix).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fīnis m, f ‎(genitive fīnis); third declension

  1. end
    • Vergil. Aeneid, I
      devs dabit finem quoqve his
      God will give an end to these (things) also.
  2. limit, border, boundary
  3. purpose
  4. death

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem, alternative ablative singular in -ī and accusative plural in -īs.

Number Singular Plural
nominative fīnis fīnēs
genitive fīnis fīnium
dative fīnī fīnibus
accusative fīnem fīnēs
fīnīs
ablative fīne
fīnī
fīnibus
vocative fīnis fīnēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: fin
  • Catalan: fi
  • Dalmatian: fain
  • Dutch: finish (borrowing from English)
  • English: finish (from fīniō, through Old French)
  • French: fin
  • Friulian: fin

Verb[edit]

fīnīs

  1. second-person singular active indicative present form of fīniō

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).

Pijin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English finish

Particle[edit]

finis

  1. Tense marker for the past perfect tense