finir

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: finîr

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan fenir and its variants (perhaps later influenced by fin), from Latin fīnīre (influenced in conjugation by Vulgar Latin *fīniscō, *fīnēscō), present active infinitive of fīniō, from fīnis (boundary, limit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir (first-person singular present fineixo, past participle finit)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to end, finish, conclude
    Synonyms: acabar, finalitzar, finar

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīniō, fīnīre and influenced in conjugation by Vulgar Latin *fīniscō, *fīnēscō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. to finish, end, complete

Conjugation[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French finir, finer, from Old French finir, finer, from alteration (based on fin) of the original fenir, from Latin fīniō, fīnīre (influenced in conjugation by Vulgar Latin *fīniscō, *fīnēscō), from fīnis (boundary, limit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. to finish, end, complete.

Conjugation[edit]

This is a regular verb of the second conjugation, like nourrir, choisir, and most other verbs with infinitives ending in -ir. One salient feature of this conjugation is the repeated appearance of the infix -iss-.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. past infinitive of finar

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French.

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. to finish

Conjugation[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French finir, finer, from alteration of earlier fenir, from Latin fīnīre, present active infinitive of fīnīo.

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to finish; to end
    Synonym: achever

Conjugation[edit]

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Descendants[edit]

  • French: finir

References[edit]

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (finir, supplement)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French finer, finir, from alteration of earlier fenir, from Latin fīniō, fīnīre (influenced in conjugation by Vulgar Latin *fīniscō, *fīnēscō), from fīnis (boundary, limit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. to finish
    Antonym: coumenchier

Conjugation[edit]


Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. Alternative form of finer

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an alteration of Old Spanish fenir (influenced by fin), from Latin fīniō, fīnīre. Cf. also the doublet fenecer.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiˈniɾ/, [fiˈniɾ]

Verb[edit]

finir (first-person singular present fino, first-person singular preterite finí, past participle finido)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) to end
    Synonyms: acabar, finalizar, terminar
  2. (intransitive, Colombia) to end

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīnīre (influenced in conjugation by Vulgar Latin *fīniscō, *fīnēscō), present active infinitive of fīniō, from fīnis (boundary, limit). Compare Italian finire.

Verb[edit]

finir

  1. (transitive) to finish, end, complete

Conjugation[edit]

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.