achever

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French achever, from Old French achever, from Vulgar Latin *accapāre, from Latin ad + caput (head) + -āre. Compare Catalan, Occitan, Portuguese and Spanish acabar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

achever

  1. (transitive) to finish, to complete
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter II:
      Ayant donc achevé ses préparatifs, il ne voulut pas attendre davantage pour mettre à exécution son projet.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
      Having thus completed his preparations, he did not want to wait any longer to put his project into execution.
  2. (transitive) to finish off (someone who is already incapacitated)
  3. (reflexive, s'achever) to finish

Conjugation[edit]

This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il achève rather than *il acheve. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French à, from Latin ad; + chief, from caput (head). Also possibly from a Vulgar Latin root *accapāre.

Verb[edit]

achever

  1. to finish; to complete

Conjugation[edit]

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]