principium

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See also: princípium

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From prīnceps (first, foremost) +‎ -ium (suffix forming abstract nouns).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prīncipium n (genitive prīncipiī or prīncipī); second declension

  1. a beginning, an origin
    • [90-110] Iōannēs, [John], Biblia [Bible], volume Novum Testāmentum [New Testament] (canonical gospel, in Aramaic), Ēvangelium secundum Iōannem [Gospel according to John], chapter 1, verse 1, line 1–3:
      In prīncipiō erat Verbum,
      et Verbum erat apud Deum
      et Deus erat Verbum.
      In the beginning was the Word,
      the Word was with God
      and the Word was God.
      (literally, “In the beginning was the verb,
      the verb was with god
      and the verb was god.
      ”)
  2. a groundwork, a foundation
  3. (in the plural) the elements, the first principles
  4. (military, in the plural) the front ranks, camp headquarters

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative prīncipium prīncipia
Genitive prīncipiī
prīncipī1
prīncipiōrum
Dative prīncipiō prīncipiīs
Accusative prīncipium prīncipia
Ablative prīncipiō prīncipiīs
Vocative prīncipium prīncipia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

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