大人

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Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
alt. forms 大儂大侬 Min Nan
anagram 人大

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大人

  1. adult; grown-up
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
anagram 人大

Reborrowing from Japanese 大人(taijin) for the historical Min Nan sense.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

大人

  1. Your Excellency; His Excellency
  2. (Taiwanese Min Nan, dated) sir (form of address used by ordinary citizens to address police officers during Taiwan's Japanese era)
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From late Old Japanese, more specifically Early Middle Japanese.[1] Appears in sources from the Heian period. Derivation unknown. Possibly related to obsolete verb おとなう(otonau, to visit someone; to make a sound, to speak aloud).

The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 乙名 (only for the leader senses)

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(hiragana おとな, romaji otona)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
    • 2010 December 8, Hideaki Sorachi, “あることはさんある [Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 37 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870145-5:
      まずはこのローションをかぶってだな
      Mazu wa kono rōshon o kabutte da na
      First we slap on some lotion
      ちょっと ()てぇぇぇ‼ それどこの大人 (おとな)のプールぅ⁉
      Chotto matēē‼ Sore doko no otona no pūrū⁉
      Hold o-o-on‼ Are you tryin' ta turn this place into an adult poo-ool!?
  2. (uncommon, possibly archaic) a leader:
    1. an elder of a group or community
    2. in the late Muromachi period, the representative of a village or guild
    3. the head lady-in-waiting
    4. one's wife
    5. in the Edo period, a kind of civil servant working in Nagasaki
    6. the head servant

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, completed in 720 CE. Derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. (honorific) a lord, a landowner
  2. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own father
  3. an honorific form of reference for the addressee

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人(/dɑiH ȵʑjen/, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Cantonese reading daai6 jan4, Min Nan tāi-jîn.

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(hiragana たいじん, romaji taijin)

  1. a large person
  2. a giant
  3. an adult
  4. a person of high rank, a ruler or noble
  5. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own parent
  6. a daimyo
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人(/dɑiH ȵiɪn/, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Hakka reading thai-ngìn.

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(hiragana だいにん, romaji dainin)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
  2. (Buddhism) the Buddhas and bodhisattvas

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(daein) ‎(hangeul 대인)

  1. Hanja form? of 대인, “adult”.
  2. noble man, gentleman, magnanimous man

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

大人 ‎(hiragana うふっちゅ, romaji ufutchu)

  1. adult

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

大人

  1. Hán tự form of đại nhân, “noble man”