小人

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Chinese[edit]

 
small; tiny; few
small; tiny; few; young
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(小人)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Note: siao2 rêng5 - Jieyang.
Note:
  • 2xiau nyin - vernacular;
  • 2xiau zen - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (38)
Final () (91) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇuX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛuX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæuX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siawX/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/siɛuX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛuX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛuX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎo rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
siu2 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎo rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjewX › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ewʔ/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English small (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13705 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smewʔ/ /*njin/
Notes

Noun[edit]

小人

  1. scoundrel or villain
  2. (archaic) person of low position
  3. (archaic) small-minded person or person of low moral qualities
  4. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) child; kid
  5. Used other than figuratively or idiomatically: see ,‎ .

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (person of low position): 大人 (dàrén)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (小人):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (nin, "human being")

Noun[edit]

(しょう)(にん) (shōnin

  1. child, small person
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From (ko, "small," "little") + (hito, "man"). The word hito changes to bito due to rendaku.

Noun[edit]

()(びと) (kobito

  1. dwarf
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (jin, "human being")

Noun[edit]

(しょう)(じん) (shōjin

  1. narrow-minded person, mean person
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

小人

  1. chữ Hán form of tiểu nhân (jerk).