小人

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Chinese[edit]

 
small; tiny; few
small; tiny; few; young
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(小人)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • 2xiau nyin - vernacular;
  • 2xiau zen - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (16) (38)
Final () (91) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇuX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛuX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæuX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siawX/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/siɛuX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛuX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛuX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎo rén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎo rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjewX › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ewʔ/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English small (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13705 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smewʔ/ /*njin/
Notes

Noun[edit]

小人

  1. villain
  2. (archaic) person of low position
  3. (archaic) small-minded person
    小人君子以爲 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    小人君子以为 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE
    Xiǎorén qī, wèi zhī bù miǎn. Jūnzǐ shù, yǐweí bì guī. [Pinyin]
    The small-minded are anxiety-laden, and they say that (our master) could not have been spared. The junzi treat others with mercy, and they believe that (you) will do the same and free him eventually.
  4. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) child; kid
  5. Used other than with a figurative or idiomatic meaning: see ,‎ .

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (person of low position): 大人 (dàrén)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (小人):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (nin, "human being")

Noun[edit]

小人(しょうにん) (shōnin

  1. child, small person
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ひと > びと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From (ko, "small," "little") + (hito, "man"). The word hito changes to bito due to rendaku.

Noun[edit]

小人(こびと) (kobito

  1. dwarf
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (shō, "small," "little") + (jin, "human being")

Noun[edit]

小人(しょうじん) (shōjin

  1. narrow-minded person, mean person
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

小人

  1. Hán tự form of tiểu nhân (jerk).